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NABE Technology Roundtable Teleconference Emerging Energy Technology: Which Transformations are Coming? Wednesday, May 5, 2010 2:00 p.m. EDST Dr. Brooks B. Robinson Vice Chairperson, NABE Technology Roundtable

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Definitions Newton (N)The amount of force required to accelerate a one kilogram mass at a rate of one meter per second per second. Joule (J)--The energy exerted by the force of one newton acting to move an object through a distance of one meter. BTUBritish thermal unit, which is equal to 1.06 kilojoules. Watt (W)--Equal to one joule of energy per second. Kilowatt (KW)1,000 watts and equal to about 1.34 horse power. The average U.S. household consumes about 1 kW per hour; about 8,900 kW per year. (There are 8,760 hours in a year.) Megawatt (MW)One million watts. For example, U.S. nuclear power plants have net summer capacities of 500-to-1300 MW. In January 2010, total U.S. production of electric power from all sources was 360,302 thousand Megawatts (i.e., 360,302 Gigawatts or 360.3 Terawatts)

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U.S. Net Generation of Electricity (thousands of megawatts hours) SourcesJanuary 2010 Coal173,965 Petroleum liquids3,193 Petroleum coke1,203 Natural gas73,685 Other gases922 Nuclear72,534 Hydroelectric conventional22,071 Other renewables12,372 Wood and wood-derived fuels3,227 Other biomass1,432 Geothermal1,350 Solar thermal and photovoltaic8 Wind6,355 Hydroelectric pumped storage-537 Other energy sources895 All Energy Sources360,302

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Global Electricity Production by Fuel Source

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Global Energy Consumption

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Global Oil Consumption (Millions of barrels per day) Source: Energy Information Administration/Short-Term Energy Outlook – April 2010

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Global Gas Consumption (Billions of Cubic Meters) Source: British Petroleums Statistical Review of World Energy, June 2009

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Global & U.S. Coal Consumption

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Global Nuclear Power Production

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Stock of U.S. Capital Assets Housing Units: 115.9 million (Source: U.S. Census of Housing, 2000) Total registered vehicles: 248.2 million (Source: U.S. Federal Highway Administration, 2008) Commercial structures: 4.9 million (Source: University of Michigan, 2003) Public structures: Data not available

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NABE Technology Roundtable Teleconference Emerging Energy Technology: Which Transformations are Coming? Wednesday, May 5, 2010 2:00 p.m. EDST Dr. Brooks B. Robinson Vice Chairperson, NABE Technology Roundtable

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