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PIA 2501 Development Policy and Management Week Eight.

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Presentation on theme: "PIA 2501 Development Policy and Management Week Eight."— Presentation transcript:

1 PIA 2501 Development Policy and Management Week Eight

2 Next Week’s Discussion Danielle’s Briefing

3 PIA 2501: Public Policy and Management Week Eight: NGOs, Community Dynamics and Civil Society

4 Community Dynamics

5 Civil Society--Review Networks of organizations, groups and individuals pursuing socio-economic interests "Beyond the family but short of the state" (Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel )


7 Tie Ins to NGOs and Civil Society 1. The Failed State 2. Decentralized Governance 3. Reconceptualization of Governance 4. Human Rights

8 “Socio-economic Status and Seniority in the New Jersey Brigade” 1775

9 Tie ins to NGOs 5. Development Promotion 6. Micro-Credit 7. Nature of the Beast

10 NGOs-Tie In 1: The Failed State The Power of the Picture VIDEO

11 Prologue- World Bank Mission Local Governance and Civil Society in Guinea Conakry (Stakeholder Analysis- March, 2006) A Collapsed State Creation of a Poverty Alleviation Fund- includes Micro-Credit Design Capacity for Service Delivery Need for Predictable Governance and stable Civil Society


13 The Hard State

14 Political Cartoon Remembering the 1960s

15 TIE IN-2 NGOs and Civil Society Tie into Decentralized Governance

16 Civil Society as a Dependent Variable

17 Grassroots Organizations Civic Education Land Rural Industries Rural Credit Governance / Democracy Communication and Support NGOs Women’s Focused Groups Target Group Decentralization and Civil Society: A Grassroots Perspective

18 State Societal Linkages: Redux Central State - Macro Civil Society - Micro WeakStrong State-WeakStrong Mono-State…... INTERGOVERNMENTAL Systems in place. …..Local State SOFT STATE…………………………….PREDATORY STATE Local - SOFT STATE….………………LOCAL GOVERNMENT WeakStrong Mezzo-Intermediate

19 Tie In-3

20 Tamil Protests and Sri Lanka’s Political Future

21 Civil Society Structures-1 NGOs, CBOs, (Community Based Orgs.) PVOs (Private Voluntary Organizations: Who do they represent? Grassroots, interests, not for profits (neutrality) Groups- Role of ethnicity, religion and class, vs. individual rights

22 World Ethnic Divisions

23 Civil Society Structures-2 Privatization as an NGO issue (Compete with Private Sector Corporatism vs. Clientelism (NGOs vulnerable) Organic VS. Individualist nature of society (Vincent Ostrom) (Civil Society sometimes seen as collectivist) Establishing the rule of law Roman vs. Common Law What is the role of the individual

24 The Roman Empire

25 Tie In- 4- Human Rights Issues Review Civil Society and Human Rights "Human Rights, Basic Needs and the Stuff of Citizenship" (Anonymous) Issue: First vs. Second and Third generation Human Rights and Civil Society

26 Sometimes a Great Notion

27 Origins- Natural Disaster: Humanitarian Assistance and Human-Made Disaster War, Drought, Agricultural Failure Focus on Rural Development Human Rights Focus on Governance


29 Tie In 5: Rural Development Promotion

30 Goods for Good- A Malawi Based Organization (BUT?)

31 Andrew Carnegie championed the idea of strategic philanthropy: he thought it was better to give people a fishing rod than a fish.

32 Types of “Development” NGOs Grassroots associations (local or village based) Advocacy groups Public Service Contractors

33 Types of “Development” NGOs Philanthropy vs. Charity Relief and Welfare Societies Public Service Contractors Populist based development agencies (national)


35 Micro-Credit Project in Ethiopia

36 Tie In-6: The Popularity of Micro-credit Grameen Bank Nobel Prize for Peace (2006) Micro-credit: The New Orthodoxy The Concept and the Controversy Links to Traditional Savings Banks Ann Dunham- Micro-credit specialistAnn Dunham- Micro-credit specialist VIDEO

37 Micro-Credit will be Popular

38 Ten Minute Break


40 Tie in 7- NGOs--The Nature of the Beast Non-Profits vs. For Profits Not for Profits- More value directed Private Voluntary Organizations (PVOs) Community Based Organizations (CBOs) Foundations

41 NGOs-The Nature of the Beast-2 Civic Associations (Civics) Interest Groups Quangos Trade Unions Religious Organizations

42 Northern Pakistan

43 Care Catholic Relief Services Save the Children Amnesty International Oxfam International NGOs-

44 Five Caveats: NGOs Usually excludes “for profits” Issue of contractors- both for profits and non-profits Includes both International and Local Internationals are not universally loved

45 Not Universally Loved

46 Five Caveats, Cont. Very often internationals are religious or charity based Focus has been primarily on relief rather than development or civil society goals

47 Indigenous NGOs

48 Natural Disaster: Humanitarian Assistance and Human-Made Disaster NGOs--Areas of Perceived Advantage Cost-effective Small but efficient Innovative Staff loyalty and commitment

49 One View

50 Natural Disaster: Humanitarian Assistance and Human-Made Disaster NGOs--Perceived Advantage Ideologically compatible with Development values Links with poor Image of populism

51 Natural Disaster: Humanitarian Assistance and Human-Made Disaster International NGOs—Weaknesses Lack of local legitimacy Donor driven Inefficiency


53 Natural Disaster: Humanitarian Assistance and Human-Made Disaster International NGOs—Weaknesses Amateurism Leadership and continuity problems Staffing problems Self-serving-own objectives Faith Based

54 Annual Meeting of World Association of Non- Governmental Organizations (WANGO)

55 Natural Disaster: Humanitarian Assistance and Human-Made Disaster International NGOs—Weaknesses Fixation on projects Problems of replication Lack of perceived accountability Learning problems/lack of institutional memory

56 NGOs and Projects

57 Natural Disaster: Humanitarian Assistance and Human-Made Disaster International NGOs—Weaknesses Tensions with government institutions Politically threatening Ties with existing local elites Inability of humanitarian organizations to transfer to new development orientation


59 Discussion and Debates Lawrence Graham- Brazil- Local Government Monte Palmer- Egypt- Bureaucracy Samuel P. Huntington- Culture Clash The Picard Findings- Attitudes Botswana Lawrence Graham

60 Forthcoming Books- Next Week V.S. Naipaul, Among the Believers Jim Mayfield, Go to the People China vs. Indonesia Believers, Unbelievers Secular vs. Religious Views of the World

61 From the University of Utah to Iraq Jim Mayfield

62 Interview Deborah Scroggins VIDEO

63 Not Oprah’s Book of the Week Janine Wedel and Deborah Scroggins

64 Books of the Week Janine Wedel, Collision and Collusion Deborah Scroggins, Emma’s War

65 Follow Up Discussion and Debate

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