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Brazilian Ministry of Health Secretariat of Health Surveillance Thematic Workshop on Synergies for Capacity Building Under International Agreements Addressing.

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Presentation on theme: "Brazilian Ministry of Health Secretariat of Health Surveillance Thematic Workshop on Synergies for Capacity Building Under International Agreements Addressing."— Presentation transcript:

1 Brazilian Ministry of Health Secretariat of Health Surveillance Thematic Workshop on Synergies for Capacity Building Under International Agreements Addressing Chemicals and Waste Management Geneva, Switzerland The Brazilian Perspectives on Synergies for Capacity Building Under International Agreements Gilson Spanemberg André Fenner

2 Brazilian Ministry of Health Secretariat of Health Surveillance Gap Among Countries in Following International Agreements Addressing Chemicals and Waste Management  Great deal of policies  Some countries are left far behind  Development of abilities to pursue chemical safety policies

3 Brazilian Ministry of Health Secretariat of Health Surveillance Which International Agreements and Initiatives Should Be Included in National Attempts to Identify and Implement Synergies for Capacity Building?  Basel Convention  Rotterdam Convention  Stockholm Convention  Global Harmonized System (GHS)  ILO Conventions 170 and 174  FAO International Code of Conduct  Chemical Weapons Convention  Aarhus Convention  Others

4 Brazilian Ministry of Health Secretariat of Health Surveillance Which Important “Horizontal” Themes or Obligations, Which Cut Across International Agreements Concerned With Chemicals and Waste Management, Are Relevant for National Capacity Building?  Development of coherent National Policies through a multi- stakeholder process  Effective education and training programmes  Establishement of information exchange and dissemination mechanisms  Synergistic activities and communication between the different Conventions’ Secretariats

5 Brazilian Ministry of Health Secretariat of Health Surveillance Which of These Relevant Cross Cutting Themes Would Benefit from a Co-ordinated or Integrated Approach at the National Level and What Specific Action Should Be Taken?  Development of action plans containing relevant policies and strategies to control the management of concerned chemicals covering their life-cycle (from production to commercialization)  Strengthening the capacity of states and municipalities for the adoption of methods and alternative activities  Incorporation of training into multilateral agreements to ensure their affective implementation, particularly in developing countries

6 Brazilian Ministry of Health Secretariat of Health Surveillance Which of These Relevant Cross Cutting Themes Would Benefit from a Co-ordinated or Integrated Approach at the National Level and What Specific Action Should Be Taken?  Development of national information systems that ensure systematic dissemination of environmental information (PRTRs)  Promotion of financial and other economic instruments to countries make use of the best available safety technologies  Establishement of appropriate Public and Occupational Health Surveillance Programs and Medical Needs for chemical emergency response

7 Brazilian Ministry of Health Secretariat of Health Surveillance Which of These Relevant Cross Cutting Themes Would Benefit from a Co-ordinated or Integrated Approach at the National Level and What Specific Action Should Be Taken?  Adoption of international principles of corporate responsability, accountability and liability

8 Brazilian Ministry of Health Secretariat of Health Surveillance What Are Some Obstacles in Practice to Implement Co- ordinated or Integrated Approach for Capacity Building Under Relevant International Agreements?  Lack of Training - difficulties with respect to the hiring and training of staff  Donor Reluctance - restricitve financial situations and decrease in funds available from donors  Lack of technical know-how and critical evaluation - total or partial inability to meet the requirements of chemical safety policies  Lack of appropriate national legislative systems - inability to countries efficiently manage chemicals and waste

9 Brazilian Ministry of Health Secretariat of Health Surveillance What Are Some Obstacles in Practice to Implement Co- ordinated or Integrated Approach for Capacity Building Under Relevant International Agreements?  Lack of communication

10 Brazilian Ministry of Health Secretariat of Health Surveillance National Commission on Chemical Safety - CONASQ  Set up on December 2000  Implement the National Chemical Safety Program - PRONASQ  Follows the guidelines adopted by IFCS  Comprises 22 institutions, representing stakeholders from government, industry, university, NGOs, union labor Presidency: Ministry of the Environment Vice-Presidency: Ministry of Health

11 Brazilian Ministry of Health Secretariat of Health Surveillance PRONASQ Action Initiatives  Control and Inspection Mechanisms in Chemicals Management  Exchange and Dissemination Network for Chemical Safety Information  Reduction of Vulnerabilities Due to Chemical Accidents  National Strategies for Remediation of Contaminated Sites  Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS)

12 Brazilian Ministry of Health Secretariat of Health Surveillance PRONASQ Action Initiatives  Chemical Safety Programs in Universities and Research Institutes  Implementation of Chemicals International Agreements  Integrated Management of Pests and Vectors  Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers  Brazilian Chemicals Management Profile

13 Brazilian Ministry of Health Secretariat of Health Surveillance Ministry of Health Secretariat of Health Surveillance General Co-ordination on Environmental Health Surveillance Phone: Gilson Spanemberg Chemical Safety Issues


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