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Similar Triangles I Prepared by Title V Staff: Daniel Judge, Instructor Ken Saita, Program Specialist East Los Angeles College EXIT BACKNEXT © 2002 East.

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Presentation on theme: "Similar Triangles I Prepared by Title V Staff: Daniel Judge, Instructor Ken Saita, Program Specialist East Los Angeles College EXIT BACKNEXT © 2002 East."— Presentation transcript:

1 Similar Triangles I Prepared by Title V Staff: Daniel Judge, Instructor Ken Saita, Program Specialist East Los Angeles College EXIT BACKNEXT © 2002 East Los Angeles College. All rights reserved. Click one of the buttons below or press the enter key

2 In geometry, two polygons are similar when one is a replica (scale model) of the other. EXIT BACKNEXT

3 Consider Dr. Evil and Mini Me from Mike Meyers’ hit movie Austin Powers. Mini Me is supposed to be an exact replica of Dr. Evil. EXIT BACKNEXT

4 Triangles are a class of polygons in geometry. Therefore we can talk about triangles that are similar. The following is a picture of similar triangles. EXIT BACKNEXT

5 Note: One triangle is a scale model of the other triangle. EXIT BACKNEXT

6 Q: How do we truly know that the above two triangles are similar (scaled model)? EXIT BACKNEXT

7 Answer– We must take a closer look at the sides of our triangles. The following conditions must all be satisfied. EXIT BACKNEXT

8 Scaling Factor EXIT BACKNEXT

9 This can all be summarized as: Scaling factor EXIT BACKNEXT

10 Our problem becomes as follows: Scaling factor This tells us that  ABC and  XYZ are similar. EXIT BACKNEXT

11 Q: Can these triangles be similar? EXIT BACKNEXT

12 Answer—Yes, right triangles can also be similar but use the criteria. EXIT BACKNEXT

13 EXIT BACKNEXT

14 This tells us our triangles are not similar. You can’t have two different scaling factors! Do we have equality? EXIT BACKNEXT

15 Q: The two triangles below are known to be similar, determine the missing value X. EXIT BACKNEXT

16 Answer– Using the fact that our triangles are similar... The missing side has a length that’s 3 units. The picture should look like this... EXIT BACKNEXT

17 EXIT BACKNEXT

18 Q: The following triangles are similar. Can you determine the missing sides X and Y? EXIT BACKNEXT

19 Answer– Using the criteria, EXIT BACKNEXT

20 Our triangles should look like this: EXIT BACKNEXT

21 Let’s take a closer look at the criteria that tells us when triangles are similar: EXIT BACKNEXT

22 Mathematicians find this next relationship useful as well. Why? EXIT BACKNEXT

23 End of Similar Triangles I Title V East Los Angeles College 1301 Avenida Cesar Chavez Monterey Park, CA Phone: (323) Us At: Our Website: EXIT BACKNEXT


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