Presentation on theme: "How to Discuss A Short Story"— Presentation transcript:
1How to Discuss A Short Story A mini-workshop for Student Support Services participantsTroy UniversitySPRING 2010
2Short Story . . . What is it? Tells about a single event or experience Fictional (not true)500 to 15,000 words in lengthHas a beginning, middle, and endCreates an impression on the readerProse (Written in sentence and paragraph form, not in verse)Slide Source: of a Short Story
3Keys to Discussing a Short Story Learn the Lexicon (Language, Vocabulary).Learn about the author’s background and motivations.Make the story (even fiction) relevant to real life.
4The Main Literary Elements of a Story . . . SettingPlotCharacterConflictPoint of ViewClick on the video link BELOW for an audio PowerPoint about Five Aspects of any Story:be.com/watch?v=ADFCzrseP4o&feature=related
5Memorable Short Stories make an important thematic statement. The theme, another key element of a Short Story IsThe story’s main ideas.The “message” the writer intends to communicate by telling the story.Slide Source: Story Vocabulary
6Key terms in some common AmbitionJealousyFamilyBeautyLonelinessRace/EthnicityBetrayalLoveReligionSpiritualityCourageLoyaltyComing of Age (Rites of Passage)Duty/honorPerseveranceChangeFearPrejudiceLifeFreedom/LibertySufferingDeathHappiness/JoyTruthIdentityKey terms in some commonLiterary Themes
7Apply the Literary Lexicon to. . . A Discussion of "The Story of An Hour" by Kate Chopin (1894)Here is a List of the Major and Supporting Characters:Mrs. Mallard (“Louise Mallard”) -- Main Character and Protagonist)Josephine – Louise Mallard’s very concerned sisterBrently Mallard – Louise Mallard’s husbandRichards – Brently Mallard’s friend who delivers the tragic news
8Kate Chopin ( )Kate Chopin an American author of short stories and novels, is often viewed as an early feminist writer. Strong women were often the protagonists in her stories. Note that Chopin’s grandmother was one of the first women in Missouri to ever file and receive a writ of divorce.1 Chopin significantly wrote about identify and race. The New Orleans’ Creole culture of the Southern U. S. influence her writings.1. Source:Images: yahoo.com
9Summary of “The Story of an Hour” "The Story of An Hour" is a short story by Kate Chopin, published in It is an ironic story about one-hour of time in the life of Mrs. Louise Mallard, a woman with a serious heart ailment. Readers learn about the heart problem at the beginning of the story and learn also of the central conflict of the story. Note that Louise is married to Brently Mallard who has reported as among the dead following a train wreck. Josephine, who is Louise’s sister, and Brently’s friend, Richards, become quite worried about Louise after Richards tells Louise that Brently has been killed in a train accident.
10Audio of the StoryNow, Listen to an audio rendition of "The Story of An Hour" / Kate Chopin (1894) at LibriVox.org, while reading the accompanying text.atgoogle images
11Apply these Five Elements to Chopin’s “The Story of an Hour” Setting -- When and Where (A) Time, (B) Place, (C) Environmental Descriptions, (D) Social/Historical ContextPlot -- The sequence of events – (A) Introduction; (B) Rising Action or complication; (C) Climax; (D) Falling Action; (E) Conclusion/DenouementCharacter – Main Characters; Supporting Characters; Protagonist; Antagonist; Author’s Characterization of the Characters (Dialogue; Actions; Visual Descriptions)Conflict (What is the Protagonist Battling?) – What is the purpose of the StoryPoint of View (Who is the narrator?) (A) First person?; (B) Third Person Omniscient; (C) Third Person Limited Omniscient?
12THEMENow, what Theme(s) can you deduce from your reading of the story? Think about these Thematic Topics or Subjects and then come up with sentences in which you use each one of these words as the focus of a theme: (A) Freedom, (B) Life, (C) Death, (D) Change, (E) Love, (F) Joy
13What is the “Joy that Kills”? What do you think that the author means when she writes “A joy that kills” as the last phrase in the story?
14THE ENDPlease complete the academic seminar evaluation form to receive your workshop credit.Return form to SSS staff in 109 Shackelford Hall Annex.Please recommend workshop ideas.Thank you for your participation.Rebecca Money, SPR 2010