P.A.C.T.S Short stories use P.A.C.T.S to build the narrative. Although short stories may use all of the aspects of P.A.C.T.S, the author may choose to focus on any one of these elements: Plot Atmosphere Character Theme Setting
P lot The plot is essentially what the story is about. A short story usually has one main plot. This means that there is one conflict within the story.
A tmosphere There is usually one overall feeling in a short story. This feeling is the atmosphere.
C haracters There are usually only a few characters introduced in a short story. In a short story the reader does not receive extensive information about the characters. The reader is only told what is important. Protagonist- the main character in the story. Antagonist- is the person or force that challenges or confronts the protagonist.
T heme The theme is the meaning or message of a literary work. The theme is a sentence that expresses an opinion.
S etting The setting informs the reader of the time and place that the events of the literature take place.
T HE P LOT G RAPH The plot graph labels the parts of a short story with six aspects. Introduction, Inciting Incident, rising action, climax, denouement, and resolution are all parts of a short story that are labelled on the plot graph.
1) I NTRODUCTION The beginning of the literature. The introduction is exactly what the word implies, it introduces the characters, setting, and it may introduce the conflict.
2) I NCITING I NCIDENT Otherwise known as the causative incident. This is the incident in the narrative that causes the conflict or action to occur.
3) R ISING A CTION The rising action builds the readers the suspense through a series of crises.
4) C LIMAX This is the part in the plot where the conflict escalates to the point of no return. When the story reaches a climax the conflict can no longer evolve and will begin to resolve. The climax is the turning point of the plot.
5) D ENOUEMENT Otherwise known as the falling action. It is the part of the narrative when the conflict begins resolution.
6) R ESOLUTION The resolution or the conclusion of the plot. The conflict is resolved, ads loose odds and ends are tied.