5We do not realize how we interpret the world Creative geniusVisual virtuoso
6Without exception, everything you see you construct: Color, shading, texture, motion, shape, visual objects, and entire visual scenes.For example...
7Magic Eye Books & Stereovision Parallel-Viewing3D illusions such as the Magic EyeLooking through or past the object (a window)Vision does not focus directly at imageNormal ViewingFocus on the thing you want to seeVision comes to a focused point at the object or image
17Phenomenal vs. Relational Phenomenal SenseThe way things look to you.Hallucinations of pink elephantsRelational SenseWhat you interact with when you lookA thing must exist to be seen in the relational sense.
18Questions: Fight Club –Is Brad Pitt Relational or Phenomenal Is it necessary to classify our vision into Relational and Phenomenal?Is there truly a difference in what we think we see and what we interact with?
19The User-Friendly Icon Interface Our vision and the “icon metaphor”
20The Icon MetaphorOn the computer screen there are many icons representing many different things “in” the computer. These icons allow us to interact with the information.Similarly, our visual experiences serve as our user-friendly icon interface with those things we relationally see.
21Is the Icon Metaphor True? Is this disk in my hand really the disk I am interacting with?OR is it merely an icon representation of something else that I am really interacting with?Is this something that I am interacting with, even really in this place?OR is this just an icon representation I am using to access something in a different location of space?Just as the icon on this computer screen allows me to interact the information of a given file.
22Icon Metaphor Continuation: Is the disk really a disk when you are not perceiving it?Is the disk that I perceive, numerically identical to the one you perceive?
23Semivision The vision of Animals Adrian Horridge Gold fish have four color receptorsHoneybees see ultraviolet lightFlies use visual motionDay old chicks can discriminate shapesAnimals’ vision serve many different purposesOf all the species on earth and throughout time, how can we be sure our vision is the correct one?
24To construct is the essence of vision. -Don Hoffman
25The fundamental problem of vision: The image at the eye has countless possible interpretations…
26How do all children learn to see in the same way? The Rules of Universal Vision and Visual Processing
27The Rule of Universal Vision Innate rules which grant visual mastery and lead to consensus in the visual constructions despite ambiguityEveryone constructs the same vision (with or without the same interpretation)Part of the child’s biology, and allows the child to acquire, through visual experiences that might vary from one culture to another, the rules of visual processingSimilar to Noam Chomsky’s innate language principles
28The Rule of Visual Processing Allows interpretation of what is constructed, based on prior experienceAllow the visually competent child or adult to construct specific visual scenes by lookingSimilar to Noam Chomsky’s rules of universal grammar