Presentation on theme: "Section 504 January 23, 2002 Welcome to the Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 Workshop We will begin shortly…"— Presentation transcript:
1 Section 504January 23, 2002Welcome to the Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 Workshop We will begin shortly…
2 Presented by Loretta Middleton Senior Director, Student Support Services/Section 504 Hearing OfficerSan Diego County Office of Education
3 Introduction Pop-ups Name School/District Position My position in relationship to Section 504Number of Section 504 Accommodations of which I have been a partWhy I’m here
4 GoalsTo provide participants with the necessary skills to identify and serve the needs of Section 504 students.
5 ObjectivesTo provide an overview of Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the recent revisions effective 2009.To provide an update regarding changes in the ADA and Section 504 Rehabilitation Act.To compare IDEA requirements with Section 504.Top provide information regarding discipline and protection of eligible 504 students.To provide information regarding discipline and protection of eligible 504 students.To provide an overview of procedures, forms, parents rights and discipline.To provide participants with an overview of the multidisciplinary process.
6 StatuteSection 504/ADA is a civil rights statute that prohibits discrimination. Like the sister statutes of Title VI (race) and Title IX (gender), Section 504/ADA focuses on discrimination based solely on disability.
7 Civil RightsSection 504 is often referred to as the first civil rights act for individuals with disabilities. Section 504 applies to students, parents, employees, and other individuals with disabilities.
9 Relationships Americans with Disabilities Act Section 504/ADA Special EducationIDEASchool FocusCommunity Focus
10 Section 504 “Don’t shoot me…. I’m just the piano player!” -Elton John“We’re all in this together.”-Eric Haldeman (Nixon Advisor)“I’m just the messenger.”-All of us, at one time or another
11 Est. As Part of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 Section 504Est. As Part of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973“No otherwise qualified individual with handicaps in the United States shall solely by reason of his/her handicap, as defined in Section 706(8) of this title, be excluded from the participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving federal financial assistance or under any program or activity conducted by any executive agency or by the United States Postal Service.”(29 U.S.C. Sec. 794)
12 Section 504On September 25, 2008 President Bush signed into law the American with Disabilities Amendment Act (ADA) of 2008.
13 The new law became effective January 1, 2009. Section 504The new law became effective January 1, 2009.
14 Section 504Congress has placed a huge emphasis on discrimination in the revised 2009 law.
15 Section 504The Act expands the scope of disabilities under the ADA and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 as well as protections to employees and students.
16 Section 504The Act rejects four (4) United States Supreme Court decisions which limited the scope of protection for individuals with disabilities.
17 Section 504 The 4 decisions are: 1) Sutton v. United Air Lines, Inc U.S. 471 (1999)2) Murphy v. United Parcel Service 527 U.S. 516 (1999)
18 Section 504 The 4 decisions continued… 3) Albertsons, Inc. v. Kirkingburg 527 U.S. (1999)4) Toyota Mfr. Kentucky Inc. v. Williams 534 U.S. 184 (2002)
19 Who Is a 504 Person/Student? 504 Regulation 34 CFT 104.3(j-l) defines:“a person with a disability as any person who has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities, has a record of such impairment, or is regarded as having such impairment.”
20 The actual language of the definition remains the same but the Act expands the meaning of disability
21 Section 504January 23, 2002What does “SUBSTANTIALLY LIMITS” mean??? Congress has rejected previous clarifications by the courtThe Supreme Court has recently clarified that the identified major life activity must be of central importance to daily life (Toyota Motor Co. v. Williams, 534 U.S. 184,197 (2002)
22 The Act broadens “substantially limits” by explaining that an impairment that substantially limits one major life activity does not have to also limit other major life activities.
23 Also…even if an impairment that is eposodic or in remission can meet the “disability requirement” if it substantially limits a major life activity when active.
24 Substantially limits means considerable or to a large degree RECENTLY PARTICIALLY REJECTED BY CONGRESS!The Supreme Court clarified the identified major life activity must be of central importance to daily life.(Toyota Motor Co. v. Williams, 534 U.S. 184, )
25 The Toyota ruling determined that substantial limitation means a limitation that affects a person’s ability to perform an activity in relation to the average person in the general population. This was rejected by Congress. This was rejected by Congress.
26 This was completely rejected by Congress. T.J.W. By Butler v. Dothan City Board Of Education (D.C. Alabama 1997) 26 IDELR 999.*In determining whether a student’s mental or physical impairment substantially limits the major life activity of learning, the district should compare the student’s academic progress to that of “the average child,” not a child of similar intellectual potential.This was completely rejected by Congress.
27 A student is still not “substantially limited” simply because the student is not reaching his or her potential
28 Block v. Rockford, 2002 WL 31856719 (N.D. III.2002 Applying the Supreme Court decision in Toyota, a court found a student did not qualify for 504 protections at school where her disability did not substantially limit the life activity of breathing beyond the school site.Rejected by Congress.Now it is as long as the disability substantially limits a life activity in the school setting, it must be regarded as qualified under Section 504.
29 Costello v. Mitchell Public School District (8th Cir. 2001)
30 Must be substantial as determined by the multi-disciplinary team Must be substantial as determined by the multi-disciplinary team. (Still true)Major life activity must be of central importance to most people’s lives – rejected by Congress January 2009.Must be assessed in corrected condition - e.g. with glasses, inhaler etc.* - rejected by Congress January 2009.
31 The Act now instructs that school districts can no longer consider mitigation measures to determine whether an impairment substantially limits a major activity except for the use of ordinary eyeglasses or contact lenses.
32 Congress stated that the determination whether an impairment substantially limits a major life activity shall be made without regard to ameliorative effects of mitigating measures such as medication, medical supplies, equipment or other devices.
33 In determining whether a student’s disability substantially limits a major life activity entitling the student to FAPE, the School/District will typically focus onLearningBehavior
34 Section 504: Disability Defined Physical or Mental Impairment**Major Life Activities**Record of Impairment**Regarded Impairment**Physiological disorder, contagious disease, cosmetic disfigurement or anatomical loss in one or more system:NeurologicalMusculoskeletalRespiratoryCardiovascularReproductiveDigestiveBowel *Genito-urinaryHemicLymphaticSkinEndocrineImmune System ***Normal Cell Growth***Bladder ***Functions ***Mental or psychological disorder including:Mental retardationOrganic brain syndromeEmotional or mental illnessSpecific learning disabilitiesMajor life activities include:Self-careManual tasksWalkingSeeingHearingSpeakingBreathingSittingStanding ***ReachingThinking ***Concentrating ***Reading ***Communicating ***Interacting with othersLearningWorkingEating ***Sleeping ***Lifting ***Bending ***The individual has:A history of impairmentA record of having been misclassified as having an impairmentAn impairment not limiting a major life activity, but treated as disabled by the covered entityNo impairment, but treated as disabled by the covered entitySubstance Abuse (recovering alcoholic or addict** Does not include current, illegal drug abusers ** (34 Code of Fed Reg. Part 104.3)*** Added in new amendments by Congress effective January 1, Non-exhaustive list.
35 Also included in the 2009 law are major bodily functions of the immune system, normal cell growth, digestive, bowel, bladder, neurological, brain, respiratory.
36 Section 504 Disability Defined Major Life Activities**Major life activities include:Standing *Bending *Lifting *ReachingReading *Thinking *Concentrating *Communicating *Interacting with othersLearningWorkingSelf-careManual tasksEating *Sleeping *WalkingSeeingHearingSpeakingBreathingSitting* Added 1/2009** (34 Code of Fed Reg. Part 104.3)
37 Section 504 Disability Defined January 23, 2002Section 504 Disability DefinedRegarded Impaired**The individual has:An impairment not limiting a major life activity, but treated as disabled by the covered entityorNo impairment, but treated as disabled by the covered entityThese do not require accommodations; however, they may still be protected by law.** (34 Code of Fed Reg. Part 104.3)
38 For the purposes of protection: A Record of ImpairmentFor the purposes of protection:EXAMPLES of individuals who have a record of an impairment are persons who have histories of mental or emotional illness, learning disabilities, asthma, heart disease, cancer, etc. (who are recovering or managed by medication) and students in special education.
39 Definition of Eligibility For the purposes of protection:Is regarded as having an impairment.
40 Illustration of Regarded as Disabled Anna, a student with mild diabetes controlled by medication, is barred by the staff from participation in certain sports because of her diabetes. Even though Anna does not actually have an impairment that substantially limits a major life activity, she is protected under Section 504 because she is treated as though she does.
41 EligibilityThere are attitudinal barriers and architectural barriers that affect the educational placements of students.
42 Definition IssueNOTE: The second and third prongs of the definition referring to individuals with a “record of” or regarded as “having an impairment” are relevant only when some negative action is taken based on the perception or record. “This cannot be the basis which the requirement for a free appropriate public education (FAPE) is triggered.” (OCR Policy Memorandum, August 3, 1992) However, such discrimination can result in costly litigation.
43 January 2009 Congress clarified that students regarded as having an impairment do not automatically qualify for accommodations/services.
44 EligibilityEvery person eligible for Section 504 will not necessarily be eligible for special education.
45 EligibilityEvery person eligible for special education is also protected under Section 504.
46 AccommodationsModifications made by classroom teacher(s) and other school staff to enable the students to benefit from their education program. A plan should be developed outlining services and/or accommodations.
47 Parent and Student Involvement The parents and the potential 504 student should be included in the 504 process whenever possible.
48 DOCUMENTATION IS ALWAYS A BEST PRACTICE. It is important to document evaluation results, eligibility determination, services, and placement issues regarding each student.DOCUMENTATION IS ALWAYS A BEST PRACTICE.
49 ReferralReferrals are accepted from parents, professional staff, students, and/or other staff members. The problem(s) and previous remedies are considered and reviewed.
50 (See Forms & Notices - Page 6 for form.) NotificationThe school notifies the parents or guardians, in writing, of the schools’ reason and intent to conduct an evaluation. The notice should include a description of the evaluation and procedural safeguards. Parental consent would be considered best practice for all Section 504/ADA evaluations.(See Forms & Notices - Page 6 for form.)
51 Evaluation is the district’s responsibility by law and always has been.
52 Issues for Team Consideration The following factors are considered by a team knowledgeable about the student and the disability:Evaluation resultsSection 504/ADA eligibility (remember the list was expanded January 2009)The student’s unmet needsServices and/or accommodations based on eligibilityPossible staff inserviceLeast Restrictive Environment (LRE)Remember, you can no longer consider mitigating circumstances.
53 ImplementationThe school staff makes the necessary accommodations to allow for the student’s disability. Parents should be consulted and given opportunities for input. The accommodations and/or services are then implemented.
54 ReviewEach student’s accommodations and/or services are reviewed periodically. Best practice would be at least annually.
55 Review Primary Responsibilities under Section 504 Evaluation: Conduct an evaluation that is adequate for that child. Evaluations should be unique to the case and individual. Must determine IF there is a disability.Meeting: Convene a group of people knowledgeable about the child, the disability, and his/her academic needs.Placement: Determine placement and related services (accommodations) to make the disabled student equal to the nondisabled student.
56 Free Appropriate Public Education (FAPE)—IDEA Requires FAPE be provided to only those protected students who, because of a disability, need special education or related services.Defines FAPE as special education and related services, delivered under an IEP that meets State and federal standards. A student can receive related services under special education if, the student is provided special education and needs related services to benefit from special education.Requires a written IEP document with specific content and a required number of specific participants at the IEP meeting.
57 Free Appropriate Public Education (FAPE) Section 504/ADARequires FAPE be provided to only those protected students who, because of a disability, need general education accommodations, or special education and related services.Defines FAPE as general or special education and related aids and services, to meet the needs of the individual student.
58 OCR Enforcement Discrimination issues: Disability, race, gender, age, sexual orientation or gender identity
59 Definition IssueNOTE: The second and third prongs of the definition referring to individuals with a “record of” or regarded as “having an impairment” are relevant only when some negative action is taken based on the perception or record. “This cannot be the basis which the requirement for a free appropriate public education (FAPE) is triggered.” (OCR Policy Memorandum, August 3, 1992) However, such discrimination can result in costly litigation.
60 Levels of ServiceGeneral EducationSection 504I.D.E.A.
61 Student Population IDEA/504 Students Section 504 Students Only Students are qualified under one or more of thirteen (14) IDEA disabling conditions. Specially designed individual education programs are planned for each student by IEP teams.Student PopulationRegular educationonly studentsSection 504 Students OnlyDue to substantial mental or physical impairments that limit one or more of the student’s major life activities, special accommodations to the student’s program are required. A 504 accommodation plan is designed for each student according to individual need.Examples of potential 504 disabling conditions not typically covered under IDEA are:communicable diseases – HIV, tuberculosismedical conditions – asthma, allergies, diabetes, heart diseasetemporary medical conditions due to illness or accidentAttention Deficit Disorder(ADD, ADHD)recovering alcoholics and addictsother conditions504 only studentsIDEA & 504students
62 Historically in this area…. Who gets a 504? GENERALLY, the studentswith:Temporary disabilities (substantial & extended)Permanent disabilities
63 Examples of Students with Disabilities Who May be Eligible Under Section 504 HIV/AIDSTuberculosisArthritisAsthmaAllergiesDiabetesObesityEpilepsyHeart DiseaseChronic Fatigue*PregnancyOrthopedic*It depends*Special Education—Qualified StudentsConduct DisorderTemporary DisabilityADD/ADHD*Drug and AlcoholMigraine HeadacheTBI—Traumatic Brain InjuryCerebral PalsyCancerMultiple Sclerosis*“Slow learners”
64 DOES EVERYONE GET A 504 PLAN WHO ASKS FOR ONE? NO!!!!! The question is…IS THERE AN ACTUAL OR PERCEIVED DISABILITY AND…IS A MAJOR LIFE FUNCTION LIMITED SUBSTANTIALLY?
65 Exclusions (if specifically for one of these reasons only) Children who are limited English proficientChildren actively using alcohol or other drugsChildren from poor family conditions“Slow learners” without suspected disabilitiesA student who is pregnant (covered primarily under Title IX)
66 What Does This Mean to Schools? We must provide an appropriate education such that:Educational services are designed to meet the individual needs of children with disabilities as adequately as the needs of non-disabled persons are met (accommodations).Each child with a disability is educated with non-disabled children to the maximum extent appropriate to the needs of the child with a disability.Procedural safeguards for student and parents rights are in place.
67 What Does This Mean to Schools? (continued) We must provide an appropriate education such that:Nondiscriminatory evaluation and placement procedures are to be established to guard against misclassification or misplacement of students, and periodic reevaluation of such students.Must be individualizedMust be conducted before initial placement and a subsequent significant change in placement.
68 What Does This Mean to Schools? (continued) Nondiscriminatory evaluation that:Instruments used must be valid for the purpose in question and must be administered by trained personnel.Must evaluate specific areas of need not just general intelligence, i.e., academic, social, emotional, fine and/or gross motor skills, etc.Must reflect aptitude not sensory limitations or lack of English language fluency.The parent must not be required to get a doctor’s diagnosis.Districts may ask if they have a diagnosis which may assist the multidisciplinary team in making it’s decision.Cannot be delayed while waiting for a diagnosis or evaluation from an outside individual.
69 What Does This Mean to Schools? (continued) In making placement decisions, Section 504placement teams:Must be multi-disciplinaryMust be knowledgeable about the studentMust consider a variety of documented information:Teacher recommendationsReports on the student’s physical conditionThe student’s social /emotional behavior
70 What Does This Mean to Schools? (continued) Some of these include:The classroomLesson presentationTest takingBehaviorsIntegrated support servicesThese reasonable accommodations are selected (not negotiated like an IEP) by a multi-disciplinary team.The student, where feasible should attend the meetingInvite the parent(s)/guardian(s) to the meeting(s).(this is wise although not required by law)Instructional supportAssignmentsOrganizationNursing considerationsTransportation
71 California High School Exit Examination (CAHSEE) On July 28, 2009, Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger signed Assembly Bill 2 of 2009 – 10 Fourth Extraordinary Session (ABX4 2) (Chapter 2, Statutes of 2009).ABX4 2 enacted California Education Code Section , which would exempt an eligible student from meeting the CAHSEE requirement as a condition for graduation beginning in
72 California High School Exit Examination (CAHSEE) continued… An eligible student is a student with a disability who has an individualized education program (IEP) or Section 504 Plan that indicates that the student has satisfied or will satisfy all other state and local requirements to receive a high school diploma on or after July 1, 2009.Students with disabilities are required to take the CAHSEE in 10th grade for purposes of fulfilling the requirements of the federal No Child Left Behind Act of 2001.
73 California High School Exit Examination (CAHSEE) continued… This exemption shall last until the State Board of Education either implements an alternative means for students with disabilities to demonstrate achievement in the standards measured by the CAHSEE or determines that an alternative means assessment to the CAHSEE is not feasible.
74 Roles of School Personnel School Board of EducationPolicy on NondiscriminationGrievance ProcedureHearing ProcedureSuperintendent504 Coordinator DesignationAnnual Notice to Parents/StudentsContinuing Notice to Parents/Students504 Coordinator504 Procedures CoordinationStaff TrainingSection 504 Grievance Procedures ManagementNondiscriminatory Practices in ClassroomsReferral/Identification/EvaluationParent Involvement and EncouragementProgram Modifications and AccommodationsCurricular AdaptationsSchool Principals andCertified andClassified Staff
75 A Guiding Quotation “Some kids need special education… Others need something special in their education.”Education Week, June, 1998
76 Comparison of IDEA & Section 504 Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act (§504)Year EnactedRevisedRevised Effective January 1, 2009Legal Citation20 U.S.C et seq.34 C.F.R. Part 30029 U.S.C. 79434 C.F.R. Part 104Type of StatuteFederal funding statute providing federal aid to states that ensures the provision of free appropriate public education (FAPE) to children with disabilitiesCivil rights statute protecting individuals with disabilities from discrimination in programs and activities receiving federal funds
77 Comparison of IDEA & Section 504 (continued) Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act (§504)Who is CoveredInfants and toddlers with disabilities 0-2; children 3-21 who meet the definition of a preschool child with a disability or one of the 14 categories of disabilities applicable to school-age childrenAny person with a physical/mental impairment which substantially limits one or more major life activities (e.g., self-care, manual tasks, walking, seeing, hearing, breathing, learning, working), who has a record of such an impairment, or is regarded as having such an impairment.
78 Manifestation Determination Sample Manifestation Determination located on Forms & Notices – Page 37.
79 Comparison of IDEA & Section 504 (continued) Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act (§504)Major ProvisionsEnsures procedural safeguards and the right to free appropriate public education in the least restrictive environment in accordance with the IDEANo otherwise qualified individual with disability shall solely by reason of his or her disability be:excluded from participation in,denied the benefits of,or be subjected todiscrimination under any program or activity receiving federal financial assistance.
80 Comparison of IDEA & Section 504 (continued) Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act (§504)DisciplineAny suspension of more than 10 consecutive days or more is a significant change of placement triggering the procedural safeguards of IDEA, including the right to remain in the current educational placement pending appeals.Cumulative suspensions of more than 10 days within the school year may trigger the procedural safeguards under the IDEA.Cannot terminate FAPE as a disciplinary measureDistrict must reevaluate the child prior to any suspension of 10 days or more.Is there a nexus between the child’s disability and the behavior complained of? If yes, the child may not be suspended for more than 10 days unless the behavior is drug sales or weapon(s) related.No automatic right to remain in the current educational placement
81 IDEA, Section 504 and ADA IDEA Section 504 ADA Internal Grievance ProcedureState complaint procedure required (34 CFR )Requires districts with 15 or more employees to designate a 504 compliance officer and a grievance procedure to investigate complaints alleging non-compliance with 504Requires public entities with more than 50 employees to designate a compliance officer and a grievance procedure to investigate complaints alleging non-compliance with the ADA
82 IDEA, Section 504 and ADA (continued) Protection Against RetaliationIncorporates prohibition against retaliation, intimidation, coercion, threats, and discrimination found in regulations under Title VI of the Civil Rights ActExtends protections to non-disabled individuals who have testified or participated in any manner in an investigation, proceeding, or hearing under the ADA
83 IDEA, Section 504 and ADA (continued) Compliance/ EnforcementOffice of Special Education Programs (OSEP); SED – noncompliance may result in loss of IDEA funds and state aid, Administrative appeals and/or courtsOffice for Civil Rights, United States Department of Education (OCR) – noncompliance may result in loss of all federal funds, Administrative appeals and/or courts
84 IDEA, Section 504 and ADA (continued) Self-EvaluationRequires recipients to conduct a self-evaluation to identify discriminatory policies and steps to modify any discriminatory policies and practicesBy January 26, 1993, districts were required to update [their] 504 self-evaluation to assure compliance with the ADA which must involve constituent groups.
85 IDEA, Section 504 and ADA (continued) School Board PolicyRequires written policies advising parents and their disabled students of the district’s responsibility to identify, evaluate and provide FAPE to children with disabilities
86 Linking the Two is the Key! Basics of RtI: Instruction Matched to Student NeedsAssessmentLinking the Two is the Key!Instruction
87 School Wide Tiered Systems Access the needs of allstudents in literacy, math andbehaviorProvide intervention in tiers of intensityAssess comprehensive program to identify gaps (Is CORE instruction meeting the needs of most students? Are interventions effective?)Develop a plan to address gaps
88 Level 1: Primary Intervention Enhanced general educationclassroom instruction/Core or Core PlusLevel 2: Secondary (Strategic) InterventionChild receives more intenseintervention in general education,small groups, 1-1.Level 3: Tertiary (Intensive)Intervention increases in intensity and duration. - Child may be placed in special education.If progress is inadequate, move to next level.
90 The 504 Multi-disciplinary Team Process Choose multi-disciplinary team members knowledgeable about the child (always include teachers that will be impacted by accommodation plan).Remember, if the principal/superintendent are a part of the initial team, this will impact the grievance process.Choose a chairperson of the meeting prior to the meeting (if there isn’t a permanent chairperson).
91 The 504 Multi-disciplinary Team Process (continued)Define the conduct and process of the meeting:Explain that the process is completely different than an IEP meeting.Explain that neither the parent nor the advocate is a part of the school’s multi-disciplinary team. (Unless district policy/regulations state otherwise.)Explain that the multi-disciplinary team decides on the appropriate accommodations.Explain that the team may hear the parent’s and/or advocate’s (or even the doctor’s) recommendations; however, the team decides the qualifications and the accommodations, if any.
92 The 504 Multi-disciplinary Team Process (continued)Read the Section 504 Rights to the parent and student (if necessary, have an interpreter present, if possible, to translate).Examine all data to determine qualifications, if any.The parent may provide input as to behaviors observed that will assist the team in making its decision.If the team finds that the student does not have a mental or physical disability that SUBSTANTIALLY limits one or more major life activities, the team informs the parent and/or the advisor and explains why.
93 Issues for Team Consideration The following factors are considered by a team knowledgeable about the student and the disability:Evaluation resultsSection 504/ADA eligibilityThe student’s unmet needsServices and/or accommodations based on eligibilityPossible staff inserviceLeast Restrictive Environment (LRE)
94 The 504 Multi-disciplinary Team Process (continued)If the student does not qualify, but the team decides to provide “252” services, the team decides appropriate intervention services to assist the student in his/her educational process.The team examines criteria to ensure that the student qualifies for Section 504 (i.e., the student has a physical or mental disability, which SUBSTANTIALLY limits one or more major life activities).If the student does qualify, the team discusses the student’s needs to provide appropriate accommodations that will provide equal opportunity (not necessarily the same) for participation in the learning process.
95 The 504 Multi-disciplinary Team Process (continued)If the student does qualify, the team decides on appropriate accommodations for the student from the Menu of Services and 504 Accommodation forms.Include parent and student responsibilities in plan (to ensure and maximize success).Remember: the student is only eligible to receive special education accommodations if he/she qualifies (use IEP process in that case).Explain that the parent does not have to agree to the plan in order for the team to proceed with providing accommodations for the student.
96 The 504 Multi-disciplinary Team Process (continued)Explain the grievance process.Be sure to have the parent(s)/guardian(s) sign to the fact that his/her/their rights have been explained and that a copy of these rights has been provided to him/her/them.Tell the student and the parent/guardian that the formal written plan (if the student qualifies) will be sent.If the student does not qualify, or qualifies but does not require accommodations at this time, inform the parent at the meeting (follow-up in writing) and plan to review the case at least once within the year.
97 The 504 Multi-disciplinary Team Process (continued)If the student does not qualify, consider providing “252” intervention services that would improve where needed (e.g., attendance, behavior and academic achievement).Once a plan has been written, monitor to ensure that:accommodations are implemented.interventions and accommodations are successful (revise plan as needed).annual review is completed.
98 Don’t Forget!!!The accommodations are devised by the 504 Multi-disciplinary Team made up of persons knowledgeable about the student.Obtain all the signatures.Be sure to include “End of Service” dates.Give parents the Rights Notification page/pamphlet.Send the meeting notices.
99 RecommendationsAnnual review is required and modifications of the plan should be implemented where needed.Be cautious about offering accommodations which become funding issues, e.g., “a lap top computer will be provided to student.”
101 504 Sample Case Student Information: The Process: Seventh grade male Suffers from severe asthma (severe: regular wheezing, IPPB treatments, inhaler, etc.)The Process:ReferralP.E. teacher refers student to the A.P. because student “refuses to run, defies authority.”A.P. or interviews student. Student informs A.P. of his asthmatic condition.A.P. contacts 504 Committee leader.
102 504 Sample Case The Process (continued): Pre-assessment 504 Team begins collecting data:School nurseInterview P.E. teacherParent interviewCheck student records (cum/medical)Contact family doctor
103 504 Sample Case The Process (continued): Meeting Send notice of 504 multidisciplinary team meeting to parent.Hold 504 multidisciplinary team meetingEvaluation affirms a “YES” to disability and 504 accommodations eligibility.
104 504 Sample Case The Process (continued): Plan Development 504 Plan developed by 504 multidisciplinary team to meet student’s accommodation needs.Possible Options:Follow-upNotification of multidisciplinary team decision sent to parent along with explanation of parent rights and copy of Accommodation Plan form.Monitoring of student and scheduling of periodic evaluation.
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