1 Fifth Grade Laurel Mill Elementary School Scientific MethodFifth GradeLaurel Mill Elementary School
2 STEP 1 – THE QUESTIONThere are an endless number of questions in our universe that are just waiting for answers. Scientists must decide which problems or mysteries they want to solve. ARE THERE QUESTIONS THAT YOU WOULD LIKE TO ANSWER?
3 STEP 1 – THE QUESTIONScientists must be sure to fully understand the questions they are going to answer to ensure they reach the right conclusions. They must know the appropriate materials and data they need to collect to get to the right answers.
4 Let’s see how good you are at figuring out what kinds of answers you need for the following questions!!
5 WHAT IS THE AVERAGE RAINFALL IN LOUISBURG PER YEAR? What will the answer to this question be:A word?A number?A place?Somebody’s name?What unit of measurement will the answer most likely be in?InchesDegreesKilometersMiles
6 WHAT IS THE COLDEST MONTH OF THE YEAR IN LOUISBURG? What will the answer to this question be:A word?A number?A place?Somebody’s name?What unit of measurement will we use to find the answer?MetersMilesDegreesInches
7 WRITE THESE NOTES IN YOUR SCIENCE JOURNAL STEP 1 – THE QUESTIONUNDERSTAND THE QUESTIONKNOW THE APPROPRIATE MATERIALS AND DATA YOU NEED TO COLLECT
8 STEP 2 – RESEARCH AND FIND FACTS In science, a fact is something that can be proven by observation (seeing with your own eyes) or measurement by using an appropriate tool (such as a ruler or thermometer.)Often people confuse their opinions with facts.CAN YOU TELL ME THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN OPINION AND FACT?
9 OPINIONS A sunny day is better than a rainy day. Opinions are statements that depend on a person’s values or beliefs. They will differ from person to person. These statements can not be proven.A sunny day is better than a rainy day.Pineapple is delicious on pizza.Green is the best color.Daisies are beautiful.CAN YOU PROVIDE ME SOME EXAMPLES OF OPINIONS?
10 CAN YOU PROVIDE ME SOME EXAMPLES OF FACTS? Facts are concrete and are the same no matter who looks at them. Facts can be observed and proven using tools.2 + 2 = 4Water freezes at 32°Raleigh is the capital of North Carolina.CAN YOU PROVIDE ME SOME EXAMPLES OF FACTS?
11 WRITE THESE NOTES IN YOUR SCIENCE JOURNAL STEP 2 –RESEARCH AND FIND FACTSLEARN THE FACTS ABOUT YOUR QUESTIONDO NOT USE OPINIONS
12 STEP 3 - HYPOTHESISBased on the research you have done, you will prepare an answer or solution – your best educated guess – to your question. You must form your hypothesis before you begin your experiment.LET’S SEE HOW GOOD YOU ARE AT FORMING A HYPOTHESIS!
13 TELL ME YOUR HYPOTHESIS BASED ON THESE FACTS IT IS JUST BEFORE DINNER AND YOU SEE AND SMELL TACO MEAT COOKING ON THE STOVE.YOUR TV GOES BLACK AND YOU GET UP AND TRY THE LIGHT SWITCH AND IT DOESN’T WORK.YOUR FRIEND SHOWS UP AT YOUR HOUSE WITH A FISHING POLE AND SOME BAIT.
14 WRITE THESE NOTES IN YOUR SCIENCE JOURNAL STEP 3 –PREPARE YOUR HYPOTHESISBASED ON YOUR RESEARCH, MAKE YOUR BEST GUESS AS TO THE ANSWER
15 STEP 4 – TEST YOUR HYPOTHESIS MATERIALSMAKE a detailed list of the items you needed to complete your experiment.Be specific about the amounts AND MATERIALS used.PROCEDUREList all of the steps used in completing your experiment.Remember to number your steps.Add photos OR DRAWINGS of your experiments.EXPERIMENT
16 WRITE THESE NOTES IN YOUR SCIENCE JOURNAL STEP 4 –TEST YOUR HYPOTHESISPREPARE YOUR MATERIALSDOCUMENT YOUR PROCEDUREEXPERIMENT
17 STEP 5 – ANALYZE YOUR DATA REVIEW THE RESULTS OF YOUR EXPERIMENTORGANIZE YOUR DATADETERMINE IF YOUR HYPOTHESIS IS CORRECTWHAT ARE SOME WAYS YOU COULD ORGANIZE YOUR DATA?
19 WRITE THESE NOTES IN YOUR SCIENCE JOURNAL STEP 5 –ANALYZE YOUR DATADOCUMENT YOUR RESULTS IN AN ORGANIZED MANNERREVIEW THE RESULTS
20 STEP 6 – DRAW YOUR CONCLUSION Based on your data, Determine whether or not your hypothesis was correct. Prepare a report which clearly documents your results so others may learn from your experiment.
21 WRITE THESE NOTES IN YOUR SCIENCE JOURNAL STEP 6 –CONCLUSIONPREPARE A REPORT WHICH PROVES OR DISPROVES YOUR HYPOTHESIS.
22 TOMORROW WE WILL PARTICIPATE IN AN EXPERIMENT TOMORROW WE WILL PARTICIPATE IN AN EXPERIMENT. YOU WILL BE EXPECTED TO FOLLOW THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD!