# Fifth Grade Laurel Mill Elementary School

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Fifth Grade Laurel Mill Elementary School
Scientific Method Fifth Grade Laurel Mill Elementary School

STEP 1 – THE QUESTION There are an endless number of questions in our universe that are just waiting for answers. Scientists must decide which problems or mysteries they want to solve. ARE THERE QUESTIONS THAT YOU WOULD LIKE TO ANSWER?

STEP 1 – THE QUESTION Scientists must be sure to fully understand the questions they are going to answer to ensure they reach the right conclusions. They must know the appropriate materials and data they need to collect to get to the right answers.

Let’s see how good you are at figuring out what kinds of answers you need for the following questions!!

WHAT IS THE AVERAGE RAINFALL IN LOUISBURG PER YEAR?
What will the answer to this question be: A word? A number? A place? Somebody’s name? What unit of measurement will the answer most likely be in? Inches Degrees Kilometers Miles

WHAT IS THE COLDEST MONTH OF THE YEAR IN LOUISBURG?
What will the answer to this question be: A word? A number? A place? Somebody’s name? What unit of measurement will we use to find the answer? Meters Miles Degrees Inches

WRITE THESE NOTES IN YOUR SCIENCE JOURNAL
STEP 1 – THE QUESTION UNDERSTAND THE QUESTION KNOW THE APPROPRIATE MATERIALS AND DATA YOU NEED TO COLLECT

STEP 2 – RESEARCH AND FIND FACTS
In science, a fact is something that can be proven by observation (seeing with your own eyes) or measurement by using an appropriate tool (such as a ruler or thermometer.) Often people confuse their opinions with facts. CAN YOU TELL ME THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN OPINION AND FACT?

OPINIONS A sunny day is better than a rainy day.
Opinions are statements that depend on a person’s values or beliefs. They will differ from person to person. These statements can not be proven. A sunny day is better than a rainy day. Pineapple is delicious on pizza. Green is the best color. Daisies are beautiful. CAN YOU PROVIDE ME SOME EXAMPLES OF OPINIONS?

CAN YOU PROVIDE ME SOME EXAMPLES OF FACTS?
Facts are concrete and are the same no matter who looks at them. Facts can be observed and proven using tools. 2 + 2 = 4 Water freezes at 32° Raleigh is the capital of North Carolina. CAN YOU PROVIDE ME SOME EXAMPLES OF FACTS?

WRITE THESE NOTES IN YOUR SCIENCE JOURNAL
STEP 2 – RESEARCH AND FIND FACTS LEARN THE FACTS ABOUT YOUR QUESTION DO NOT USE OPINIONS

STEP 3 - HYPOTHESIS Based on the research you have done, you will prepare an answer or solution – your best educated guess – to your question. You must form your hypothesis before you begin your experiment. LET’S SEE HOW GOOD YOU ARE AT FORMING A HYPOTHESIS!

TELL ME YOUR HYPOTHESIS BASED ON THESE FACTS
IT IS JUST BEFORE DINNER AND YOU SEE AND SMELL TACO MEAT COOKING ON THE STOVE. YOUR TV GOES BLACK AND YOU GET UP AND TRY THE LIGHT SWITCH AND IT DOESN’T WORK. YOUR FRIEND SHOWS UP AT YOUR HOUSE WITH A FISHING POLE AND SOME BAIT.

WRITE THESE NOTES IN YOUR SCIENCE JOURNAL

STEP 4 – TEST YOUR HYPOTHESIS
MATERIALS MAKE a detailed list of the items you needed to complete your experiment. Be specific about the amounts AND MATERIALS used. PROCEDURE List all of the steps used in completing your experiment. Remember to number your steps. Add photos OR DRAWINGS of your experiments. EXPERIMENT

WRITE THESE NOTES IN YOUR SCIENCE JOURNAL

STEP 5 – ANALYZE YOUR DATA
REVIEW THE RESULTS OF YOUR EXPERIMENT ORGANIZE YOUR DATA DETERMINE IF YOUR HYPOTHESIS IS CORRECT WHAT ARE SOME WAYS YOU COULD ORGANIZE YOUR DATA?

ORGANIZING DATA BAR GRAPHS LINE GRAPHS PIE CHARTS

WRITE THESE NOTES IN YOUR SCIENCE JOURNAL
STEP 5 – ANALYZE YOUR DATA DOCUMENT YOUR RESULTS IN AN ORGANIZED MANNER REVIEW THE RESULTS

STEP 6 – DRAW YOUR CONCLUSION
Based on your data, Determine whether or not your hypothesis was correct. Prepare a report which clearly documents your results so others may learn from your experiment.

WRITE THESE NOTES IN YOUR SCIENCE JOURNAL
STEP 6 – CONCLUSION PREPARE A REPORT WHICH PROVES OR DISPROVES YOUR HYPOTHESIS.

TOMORROW WE WILL PARTICIPATE IN AN EXPERIMENT
TOMORROW WE WILL PARTICIPATE IN AN EXPERIMENT. YOU WILL BE EXPECTED TO FOLLOW THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD!

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