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Exercise Science Flexibility Training. Flexibility – A joints ability to move freely in every direction or more specifically, through a full and normal.

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Presentation on theme: "Exercise Science Flexibility Training. Flexibility – A joints ability to move freely in every direction or more specifically, through a full and normal."— Presentation transcript:

1 Exercise Science Flexibility Training

2 Flexibility – A joints ability to move freely in every direction or more specifically, through a full and normal range of motion Flexibility – “ It is how stretchy, you are!!” 3 rd Grader Curry Elementary School Tempe, Arizona

3 Flexibility Training Benefits of Normal, Proper Flexibility  Decreased risk of injury (musculoskeletal)  Increased Physical efficiency/performance  Improve stress management  Decreased risk of low-back pain  Improved muscular balance and posture  Improved proprioception  Enhanced quality of life

4 Flexibility Training How does one improve ones Flexibility?? Stretch!!! Stretching: The process of attempting to elongate the muscle in question. Stretching will always lengthening the muscle…opposite of contracting process.

5 Flexibility Training Musculoskeletal Components Affected  Muscle Bellies  Tendons (at the origin and insertion points)  Ligaments (on occasion)

6 Flexibility Training Basic Mechanics of Stretching  Stretch Reflex (initial response, muscle spindle)  Reciprocal Inhibition  Autogenic Inhibition (self preservation, last line of defense Golgi Tendon Organ)

7 Flexibility Training  Stretch Reflex (initial response, muscle spindle )

8 Flexibility Training  Reciprocal Inhibition

9 Flexibility Training  Autogenic Inhibition (self preservation, last line of defense Golgi Tendon Organ)

10 Flexibility Training Types of Stretching  Dynamic: pre-activity  Static: post-activity

11 Flexibility Training Dynamic Stretching  Pre-Activity  Regains current ROM  Prepares muscles for more vigorous activity  Activates neuromuscular connection  Increase heart rate (decreases muscular viscosity)

12 Flexibility Training Dynamic Stretching

13 Flexibility Training Static Stretching  No Movement (hold)  Post-Activity  Elongate Muscle (increase flexibility)  Relaxing  Art Form

14 Flexibility Training Static Stretching

15 Flexibility Training Factors Affecting Flexibility  Age (declines with age)  Inactivity (improves w/ activity)  Dehydration  Gender (?)  Body Type (?)  Strength &/or Size of Muscles (?)

16 Flexibility Training Homework Assignment Muscle Group Stretching Exercise Description (Picture) QuadricepsFlamingo Standing the person brings their heel of their foot to their Rear End Trapezius We’re Not Worthy Person is on their hands and knees extends their arms straight out in front of them as the sit back onto their heels in a worshiping position Etc…


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