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**Graphic Communication**

St Margaret’s Academy Graphic Communication Scale Drawings CDT Department

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Scale Drawings Scale drawings are used to draw an object to a proportion of its real size to offer a real life size in proportion to other scaled objects around it. They are particularly useful when modelling an area.

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Scale Drawings When we draw an object to scale we either make it larger or smaller. If, in real life, the object is very large then we will probably want to make it smaller. On the other hand, if, in real life, the object is very small then we will probably want to make it larger.

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Scale Drawings Some examples of scales that are drawn larger than the object in real life are shown below: 2: units on drawing = 1 in real life 3: units on drawing = 2 in real life 5: units on drawing = 1 in real life 50: units on drawing = 1 in real life

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**Scale Drawings These scales can be worked out as follows:**

3:2 = 3/2 as expressed as a fraction This means that the real dimension x 3 then divided by 2 is the size of the scaled length.

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**Scale Drawings Worked example:**

What is the dimension on the right at a scale of 3:2 20 Scale is 3:2 therefore can be written as 3 2 3 x 20 2 = 60 30 The scaled dimension is 30mm

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Scale Drawings Some standard examples of scales that are drawn smaller than the object in real life are shown below: 1: unit on drawing = 2 in real life 2: units on drawing = 3 in real life 1: unit on drawing = 50 in real life 1: unit on drawing = 2500 in real life

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**Scale Drawings These scales can be worked out as follows:**

1:50 = 1/50 as expressed as a fraction This means that the dimension x 1 then divided by 50 is the size of the scaled length.

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**Scale Drawings Worked example: 2000**

What is the dimension on the right at a scale of 1:50 Scale is 1:50 therefore can be written as 1 50 1 x 2000 50 = 2000 40 The scaled dimension is 40mm

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Scale Drawings - Rules If a scale is written with a larger number first then the drawing is larger than real life. E.g. 2:1 is double real life size. If a scale is written with a smaller number first then the drawing is smaller than real life. E.g. 1:2 is half real life size.

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