Download presentation

1
Simpson’s 3/8 Rule By: Mufan Yang

2
**What is Simpson’s 3/8 Rule**

Simpson’s 3/8 is very similar to the Simpson’s Method that we already learned in class. The different is Simpson’s 3/8 method uses a third degree polynomial (cubic) to estimate the curve you are trying to find the integral of while Simpson’s Method (also called Simpson’s 1/3 Method) uses a second degree polynomial (quadratic)

3
To get the estimate for an integral in this case, we will write out the 3rd degree polynomial using the general equation below and then integrate it.

4
**How do we get the formula:**

We begin by integrating the 3rd degree Polynomial p(t)=c3t3+c2t2+c1t+c0.

6
**Substitute 𝑐 0 , 𝑐 2 , 𝑐 3 , and 𝑐 1 values back into the equation.**

h = (𝑏−𝑎)/N , where N is a positive multiple of 3 so another way to look at this is h = (𝑏−𝑎)/3𝑛 , where n is the number of partitions being used.

7
x y a y0=f(a) a+h y1=f(a+h) a+2h y2=f(a+2h) a+3h y3=f(b) Here we are using a single partition. 1 Partition = 𝑃 1 a a + h a + 2h b=a+3h

8
Use 2 partitions for this formula: 𝑎 𝑏 𝑓 𝑥 𝑑𝑥 ≈ 3ℎ 8 ( 𝑦 0 +3 𝑦 1 +3 𝑦 2 + 𝑦 3 ) + 3ℎ 8 ( 𝑦 3 +3 𝑦 4 +3 𝑦 5 + 𝑦 6 ) = 3 8 ( 𝑏−𝑎 3∗2 )( 𝑦 0 +3 𝑦 1 +3 𝑦 2 + 2𝑦 3 +3 𝑦 4 +3 𝑦 5 + 𝑦 6 ) = 3 8 ( 𝑏−𝑎 6 )(f(a)+3f(a+h)+3f(a+2h)+2f(a+3h)+3f(a+4h)+3f(a+5h)+f(b)) 𝑃 1 𝑃 2 a+3h a+4h a+5h b = a+6h

9
Conclusion: So we can see that the equation for the Simpson’s 3/8 Rule is: Each of the function values will be multiplied by 3 or 2 except for the first and the last. The number of subinterval points will need to be multiples of 3’s.

10
Example: 0 4 𝑥 3 𝑑𝑥 m = 1: h = 1: 0 4 𝑥 3 𝑑𝑥≈ 3 8 ∗1∗[𝑦 0 +3𝑦 1 +3𝑦 2 +𝑦(3)] = 3 8 ∗1∗78=29.25 m = 2: h = 1 2 : 0 4 𝑥 3 𝑑𝑥≈ 3 8 ∗ 1 2 ∗[𝑦 0 +3𝑦 𝑦 1 +2𝑦 𝑦 2 +3𝑦 5 2 +𝑦(3)] = 3 16 ∗108=20.25 m = 4: h = 1 4 : 0 4 𝑥 3 𝑑𝑥≈ 3 8 ∗ 1 4 ∗[𝑦 0 +3𝑦 𝑦 𝑦 𝑦 1 +3𝑦 𝑦 𝑦 𝑦 2 +2𝑦 𝑦 𝑦 𝑦(3)] = 3 32 * 216 =20.25

11
**Simpson’s 1/3 Rule VS Simpson’s 3/8 Rule**

Advantages: Can use an odd or even number of subintervals rather than just an even number of subintervals as used in the Simpson’s 1/3 Rule. Can converge to estimated integral values much quicker than Simpson’s 1/3 Rule Has the same order of accuracy as the Simpson’s 1/3 Rule when calculating the absolute error, but the Simpson’s 3/8 Rule is actually slightly more accurate. But the fraction used in this error will be smaller and then will provide a more accurate error. Disadvantages: This rule requires multiple of 3 segments only. When calculating the value by hand this rule is more complicated. 1/3 Rule: and

12
References Module for Simpson’s 3/8 Rule for Numerical Integration. (2012). Retrieved from Nguyen, Duc. Chapter 07.08: Simpson 3/8 Rule For Integration. University of South Florida. Wikipedia. Simpson’s Rule. Retrieved from

Similar presentations

OK

CLASSIFYING POLYNOMIALS. A _______________ is a sum or difference of terms. Polynomials have special names based on their _______ and the number of _______.

CLASSIFYING POLYNOMIALS. A _______________ is a sum or difference of terms. Polynomials have special names based on their _______ and the number of _______.

© 2017 SlidePlayer.com Inc.

All rights reserved.

Ads by Google

Ppt on paintings and photographs related to colonial period in american Ppt on second law of thermodynamics examples Export pdf to ppt online Ppt on world diabetes day 2015 Fluency in reading ppt on ipad Ppt on game theory poker Ppt on blue eye technology Ppt on computer software download Ppt on corporate governance in india Ppt on power situation in india