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Sustainable development and RIO+20 process Tomislav Tomašević.

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Presentation on theme: "Sustainable development and RIO+20 process Tomislav Tomašević."— Presentation transcript:

1 Sustainable development and RIO+20 process Tomislav Tomašević

2 Concept of sustainable development - genesis        UN - UNCSD / Rio+20 in Rio - WSSD / Rio+10 in Johannesburg - Earth Summit / UNCED in Rio - WCED/ Brundtland Commission - UNCHE in Stockholm - Rome Club

3 Stockholm Conference  UN Conference on the Human Environment, 1972  Environment among UN priorities, but development needed to improve environmental protection  Representatives of 113 countries,  World leaders attending – Olof Palme, Indira Gandhi  UNEP established

4 Brutland Commission  World Commission on Environment and Development, formed in 1983, 21 members – Janez Stanovnik  1987 – Our Common Future  Defined sustainable development

5 Definition of sustainable development Brutland Commission: “Concept of development that satisfies or meets the needs of present generations without compromising the needs of future generations to meet their needs”

6 3 pillars of sustainable development So Ec En

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8 SoEc Nested system of sustainable development

9 Earth Summit (1992)  UNCED – United Nations Conference on Environment and Development – Earth Summit, 1992 Rio de Janeiro  179 countries delegations, 80 world leaders  Global NGO Forum (10000 in total)

10 Earth Summit (1992) - results  Agenda 21 (40 chapters)  Rio Declaration (27 principles)  UNFCCC (154 countries signed)  UNCBD (168 countries signed)  UNCCD (1994 completed)  Forrest Management Principles (15)  GEF + Capacity 21  UNCSD

11 UN WSSD  UN World Summit on Sustainable Development, Rio+10, Johannesburg  100 heads of state and government  Probably around participants in total  2 new targets on biodiversity loss and marine protected areas

12 Rio+20  June 2012, Rio de Janeiro  57 Heads of State and 31 Heads of Government  Estimates of 350,000 participants in Peoples Summit

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14 Future we want – the bad  the term "economic growth" appears 20 times, "environmental protection" only 3 times and there is no single mention of any "limits" in the document  “We encourage existing and new partnerships, including public-private partnerships, to mobilize public financing complemented by the private sector, taking into account the interests of local and indigenous communities when appropriate” (UN, 2012, 13).  Taken out from Future we want "ensuring universal, equitable and affordable access to sustainable energy services to all by the next decade" (UN, 2012, 81  Taken out from Future we want "international financial transaction tax whose proceeds might contribute to a fund for green jobs and green technology" (UN, 2012, 85)

15 Future we want – the good  governments "acknowledge" the role of cooperatives and microenterprises in contributing to social inclusion and poverty reduction (UN, 2012, 13)  "there is no one-size-fits-all formula that will guarantee development effectiveness" (UN, 2012, 48).  “intrinsic value of biological diversity” (UN, 2012, 37)

16 Future we want – energy  Access to sustinable energy contributes to poverty alleviation (para 125)  Need to mobilize financing for access to sustinable energy for the poor (para 126)  Using appropriate energy mix to meet development needs (para 127)  Priority on energy efficiency and renewable sources of energy (para 128)  “Sustainable energy to all” UN SG initiative (para 129)

17 Rio+20 - conclusions  No new targets  Good is 10-year programme of SCP and seeking alternatives to GDP indicator  Climate change avoided  Phasing out fossil fuel subsidies left out  Green economy concept which was heavily influenced by neoliberal paradigm rejected  UNEP strengthened  Sustainable Development Goals to be adopted by 2015


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