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Why and How should we focus on Results? Susan Stout, Manager Results Secretariat OPCS November, 2006.

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Presentation on theme: "Why and How should we focus on Results? Susan Stout, Manager Results Secretariat OPCS November, 2006."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Why and How should we focus on Results? Susan Stout, Manager Results Secretariat OPCS November, 2006

3 Topics for Today Why is it important to focus on results? Why is it important to focus on results? What do we mean by results ? What do we mean by results ? Characteristics of an effective monitoring system Characteristics of an effective monitoring system Some Risks about Results Some Risks about Results

4 Why is it important to focus on Results? Knowledge and Information is Power Knowledge and Information is Power –For implementing agencies, for consumers/recipients Countries are in the driver’s seat, results provide the steering wheel Countries are in the driver’s seat, results provide the steering wheel »Goal is to improve quality of management and decision making –When accountability to client/consumer is strong, results are strong »Learning is fundamental to ‘scaling up’ and easing absorptive capacity constraints –Money not useful, or used, without ideas and data on results Donors more concerned with accountability and results than ever Donors more concerned with accountability and results than ever »Results Agenda »IDA 13 and IDA 14 Commitments

5 Encourages Managing for Development Results at all levels Central Government Local Government Clients / Consumers ‘on the ground’ Civil Society & Private Sector State/Provincial Government Bank Management Regions / Networks Shareholders / Donors Global Pillar Collaborate with efforts to improve aid effectiveness across donor agencies MDB Working Group on MfrDR Joint Venture /OECD/ DAC Biannual international meetings hosted by Bank Country Pillar Encourage countries to focus on results Encourage use of donor resources to strengthen results management at country level Strengthened statistical capacity Work with other donors and country partners to help country better link resources to results (Results / resource meetings replace traditional CG) Bank Pillar Strengthen Bank capacity to report and learn from Results Strengthen focus on Results in country programming and portfolio management (lending and AAA) Use Bank capacities and instruments to strengthen country capacity to collect and use information on Results The Results Agenda

6 Some general lessons on ‘Results’ “M and E” recognized as strategic, but … “M and E” recognized as strategic, but … – donors better at saying it is important than ‘how to do it’ –“Indicatory” – indicators only part of the problem – put in decision making context Incentives matter ! Distinguish and balance “M and E” for reporting and for managing Incentives matter ! Distinguish and balance “M and E” for reporting and for managing –– use to guide budgeting and planning Need to focus on “Who is doing the learning” Need to focus on “Who is doing the learning” –Not just for reporting to donors, or to national level –Goal is to improve quality, relevance, effectiveness of project implementation - create added value

7 What do we mean by ‘Results’ ? What do we mean by ‘Results’ ? Results -- sustainable improvements in country outcomes Results -- sustainable improvements in country outcomes If the intervention is successful, what will be ‘the difference’ for the primary target group ? Examples -- If the intervention is successful, what will be ‘the difference’ for the primary target group ? Examples -- »Children are learning more »Municipalities are more efficient »Firms are earning more »HIV transmission from IDU to general population reduced Managing for results -- using information to improve decision-making and steer country-led development processes toward clearly defined goals Managing for results -- using information to improve decision-making and steer country-led development processes toward clearly defined goals The ‘art’ of Results Management is defining outcomes that are meaningful to BOTH provider and client/consumer, are measurable in a credible way and are used in decision making The ‘art’ of Results Management is defining outcomes that are meaningful to BOTH provider and client/consumer, are measurable in a credible way and are used in decision making

8 What are the characteristics of an effective monitoring system? More than a list of ‘indicators’ ! More than a list of ‘indicators’ ! –Clarity on who is going to use the information for what kinds of decision making –System is ‘usable’ for the level of decision making »Not every level needs every indicator ! The system is ‘operational’ – clear on who is to collect and report what data by when and to whom The system is ‘operational’ – clear on who is to collect and report what data by when and to whom Where capacities for monitoring and evaluation are limited, how will they be established? Where capacities for monitoring and evaluation are limited, how will they be established? –Improved capacities to collect and use information itself a ‘result’

9 Characteristics (2) Use simplicity and common sense as guides Use simplicity and common sense as guides –Better to do a few things well than all things perfectly Strong link between what is measured and desired outcome Strong link between what is measured and desired outcome Some project outcomes are ‘inputs’ to others Some project outcomes are ‘inputs’ to others –Don’t try to solve all problems in one project Qualitative data (e.g. of organizational/institutional change) as important as quantitative Qualitative data (e.g. of organizational/institutional change) as important as quantitative

10 Results Cycle and Project Cycle CAS Completion Report Portfolio Performance (ARPP) PC  relates to a single project, feeds into country program RC  focuses on country program as a whole, a portfolio of activities; feeds into global learning Clear cut stages and processes Recurrent stages; many simultaneous processes Projects are embedded in the RC

11 Risks and Results Management Defining results without participation and ownership Defining results without participation and ownership Over promising on results – trying to deliver more than is feasible Over promising on results – trying to deliver more than is feasible Creating a ‘measurement bureaucracy’ Creating a ‘measurement bureaucracy’ If what gets measured gets done, be sure about the validity of the measures If what gets measured gets done, be sure about the validity of the measures –Volume does not equal effectiveness Use independence and verification to reduce upward bias Use independence and verification to reduce upward bias

12 How can Bank staff help? Drive the design according to results Drive the design according to results –M and E not an ‘end of appraisal add on’ –Focus on defining PDO that »Is clear on who/what is the target group for the intervention »Is clear on what problem/behavior of this groups will be changed Recognize the role of incentives to use in designing systems -- Recognize the role of incentives to use in designing systems -- Distinguish and balance “M and E” for reporting and for managing/learning Distinguish and balance “M and E” for reporting and for managing/learning –Who needs to learn about what is working –Who wins what if the indicator changes ? Make sure there is capacity and time to get and communicate the data Make sure there is capacity and time to get and communicate the data

13 Some closing thoughts Most often cited reasons for weak ‘M and E’ Most often cited reasons for weak ‘M and E’ “nobody cares” “nobody cares” –Remember that the ultimate consumer/target group does »Don’t approach as a problem for Bank accountability, rather for motivating greater responsiveness No time, no resources to design and oversee No time, no resources to design and oversee –Remember that fiduciary responsibilities are means to an end – Results management is about making sure the end is in sight –Encourage comparisons of results achieved across implementing agencies – peer pressure works –Focus on defining and reporting on achievements, not just failure

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