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Catalyst – February 3(10)-7, 2010 Please place Progress Report Reflection Homework on your desk. What is a valence electron? What are the 3 subatomic.

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Presentation on theme: "Catalyst – February 3(10)-7, 2010 Please place Progress Report Reflection Homework on your desk. What is a valence electron? What are the 3 subatomic."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Catalyst – February 3(10)-7, 2010 Please place Progress Report Reflection Homework on your desk. What is a valence electron? What are the 3 subatomic particles? How do you find the mass of an atom?

3 Todays Agenda Catalyst Remastery Day! Drawing Atoms Protons, Neutrons, Electrons Electron Configuration Valence Electrons Exit Question

4 Todays Objectives SWBAT re-master old Unit 2 GLEs. SWBAT determine the number of valence electrons for atoms on the periodic table.

5 GLEs we didnt quite master on the test… GLE SI 8 and GLE PS 8 (atomic theory) GLE SI 13 (effects of scientific evidence) [PS] GLE PS 5 (subatomic particles) [PS] GLE PS 6 (# p, n, e) [PS] GLE 12 (parts of periodic table)

6 Are you already a GLE master? Did you achieve 85% or above on the Unit 2 Test? If yes, you may move on to tomorrows lesson (on your own) If no, you MUST review because you have not proven that you know this stuff

7 Whiteboards!

8 GLE SI 8 and GLE PS 8 Democritus Dalton Thomson Rutherford Bohr Schrodinger

9 Whiteboard Time! (30 sec) 1) J.J. Thomsons Cathode Ray Experiment showed evidence of a negative part in neutral atoms. Which of the following parts of John Daltons atomic theory was rejected by J.J. Thompsons experiment? a. Atoms are indivisible b. A chemical reaction is a rearrangement of atoms c. All matter is made of atoms d. All atoms of a given element are identical in mass and properties

10 Whiteboard Time! (30 sec) 2) Which of the following scientists did not think the atom was divisible? a. Thomson b. Chadwick c. Democritus d. Dalton

11 Whiteboard Time! (60 sec) 3) Describe the Plum Pudding Model of the atom with words and a drawing.

12 Whiteboard Time! (60 sec) 4) Draw a basic atom using what you know about the Bohr model.

13 Whiteboard Time! (60 sec) 5) A) Who discovered the electron? B) Why was the discovery of the electron so important?

14 GLE SI 13 (Effects of Scientific Evidence) Remember to pull details from the article(s) you read! Remember to restate the question in your answers and be detailed and thorough!

15 [PS] GLE PS 5 (Subatomic Particles) Protons are POSITIVE and HEAVY! They sit around in the nucleus Neutrons are NEUTRAL and HEAVY! They also sit around in the nucleus Electrons are NEGATIVE and SKINNY! They move quickly outside the nucleus

16 THE PROTON p+p+ Fat (heavy) Positive (charge) Doesnt move (lazy)

17 THE NEUTRON N°N° Fat (heavy) Neutral (charge) Doesnt move (lazy)

18 THE ELECTRON Skinny (very light) Negative (charge) Moves a lot (runs around) e-e-

19 Whiteboard Time! (45 sec) Now, draw a basic atom using what we just reviewed

20 [PS] GLE PS 6 (# p, n, e) Atomic Number Equals # protons Tells the identity of an atom (which element it is) Atomic Mass # protons + # neutrons Remember, electrons are super tiny!!! In neutral atoms… # protons = # electrons This isnt always the case…

21 Whiteboard Time! (30 sec) 1) How many protons, neutrons, and electrons are in an atom of Calcium- 41?

22 Whiteboard Time! (30 sec) 2) How many protons, neutrons, and electrons are in an atom of Vanadium-51?

23 Whiteboard Time! (15 sec) 3) Which element has 47 protons?

24 Whiteboard Time! (30 sec) 4) Name the isotope that has 32 protons and 39 neutrons.

25 Whiteboard Time! (30 sec) 5) An unknown particle has an electron shot at it by a cathode ray. The electron is deflected by the unknown particle so the unknown particle is… a.An electron b.A proton c.A neutron d. An oxygen atom

26 Whiteboard Time! (30 sec) 6) Which of the following particles can be ignored when determining the atomic mass of an atom? a. Electrons b. Protons c. Neutrons d. All of the subatomic particles must be included in the atomic mass

27 Whiteboard Time! (30 sec) 7) The number of neutrons, along with an unidentified particle, makes up the atomic mass of an atom. What is this unidentified particle? a.Neutron b.Electron c.Proton d. Alpha particle

28 [PS] GLE PS 12 (Parts of Periodic Table) This is memorization!

29 [PS] GLE PS 12 (Parts of Periodic Table) This is memorization!

30 Metals, Metalloids, and Nonmetals

31 Major Families Alkali Metals Alkaline Earth Metals Transition Metals Halogens Noble Gases Lanthanides Actininides H BeBCNOF He Ce Th

32 Subshells on the Periodic Table s p d f

33 Electron Configuration 6s

34 Electron Configuration Schrodinger Equation predicts the location of electrons in atoms Electrons fill the lowest energy levels/orbitals FIRST before filling higher energy levels This explains the order we go through in electron configuration Its not just about moving through the periodic tables neighborhoods Its about energy requirements

35 Whiteboard Time! (15 sec) 1) How many electrons can fit into the 3p orbital?

36 Whiteboard Time! (15 sec) 2) How many electrons can fit into the 4d orbital?

37 Whiteboard Time! (15 sec) 3) How many electrons can fit into the 1s orbital?

38 Whiteboard Time! (30 sec) 4) An atom has only 1 electron. Which atomic orbital will it be in according to the Quantum Model of the atom (Schrodingers model)?

39 Whiteboard Time! (45 sec) 5) An atom has only 7 electrons. Write the electron configuration of this atom. Which element is it?

40 Whiteboard Time! (1 min) 6) Write the electron configuration for Titanium (Ti). Then, circle the valence electrons. How many valence electrons does Ti have?

41 Re-Mastery Worksheet Front and back 10 minutes in class Finish the rest for homework!

42 Valence Electrons Valence electrons are the electrons in the outermost energy level.

43 Example Electron configuration for silicon (Si): What is the highest energy level? So how many valence electrons? 1s 2 2s 2 2p 6 3s 2 3p = 4!

44 Group Challenge! Each group will write electron configurations for the elements in ONE family. Each group member should do a different element in that family. Then, share answers and count the number of valence electrons for each configuration. Hydrogen: Alkali Metals (1) Helium: Alkaline Earth Metals (2) Lithium: Borons Group (13) Beryllium: Carbons Group (14) Boron: Nitrogens Group (15) Carbon: Oxygens Group (16) Nitrogen: Halogens (17) Oxygen or Fluorine: Noble Gases (18)

45 Valence Electrons

46 Exit Question 1. Describe the charge and location of the three subatomic particles (p, n, e). 2. What does electron configuration tell us about the atom? 3. Which neutral atom has 27 electrons? 4. Which atom has an atomic number of 80?


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