Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Report Writing & Referencing A lecture for Year 1 B.Ed students By Karen Dellar Study & Learning Centre RMIT University.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Report Writing & Referencing A lecture for Year 1 B.Ed students By Karen Dellar Study & Learning Centre RMIT University."— Presentation transcript:

1 Report Writing & Referencing A lecture for Year 1 B.Ed students By Karen Dellar Study & Learning Centre RMIT University

2 2 A Report : Is a structured written presentation directed to interested readers for a specific purpose, aim or request It’s function is to  Give an account of something,  Answer a question  Offer a solution

3 What is the difference between an Essay and a Report???

4 RMIT University4 Essay Report Establish a proposition or responds to a question or proposition Has linked and fluent paragraph structure Uses fluent sentence structure to express ideas. Investigates, presents and analyzes information to help make decisions or account for decisions. Has defined sections with (sub)- headings and numbering Uses lists and bullet points for clarity and brevity

5 RMIT University5 Essay Report Needs to be read as a whole Presents a writers opinion or interpretation (albeit supported with evidence.) Is aimed at a broad academic audience Sections are easily identified and can be read in isolation. Is a factual and objective presentation of data. Has a specific audience appropriate to its purposes.

6 RMIT University6 Ideally, completely text based Supporting information is woven into the text Includes diagrams, tables and graphs Large amounts of supporting information are included in appendices. Essay Report

7 RMIT University7 The difference???

8 RMIT University8 An Effective Report is: Appropriate to its purpose and audience Accurate Logical Clear and concise Well organized under headings

9 RMIT University9 General Structure of a Report Transmittal document ( for business purposes) Title page Table of contents Abstract/Executive Summary Introduction Discussion Conclusions Recommendations Bibliography

10 RMIT University10 More Detailed Structure of a Report Title Executive summary / Abstract Table of Contents 1.Introduction  1.1Purpose of the report  1.2Issues  1.3Research methods  1.4Limitations and assumptions

11 RMIT University11 Structure of a Report 2.Discussion  2.1Literature Review Issue # Issue #2  2.2Method Procedure Sample Size  2.3Discussion and analysis of data Issue # Issue # Reliability /accuracy of data

12 RMIT University12 Structure of a Report 3.Conclusions 4.Recommendations 5.References 6.Appendices

13 The Assignment: The Case Study of a Child’s Literacy

14 RMIT University14 The report is about your student Literacy Needs of C21 Child’s background Child’s Involvement with Reading Needs analysis of student Actual Reading Test and Analysis of observations Recommendations for student Related to your student A (unique) Title

15 RMIT University15 Use literature to support what you want to say about your student Literacy Needs of C21 Child’s background Child’s Involvement with Reading Needs analysis of student Actual Reading Test and Analysis of observations Recommendations for student literature Related to your student

16 RMIT University16 A recommended procedure Complete all observations and analyses of student first. Think about the overall picture of your student, the main issues, strengths or needs. With these in mind:  Write up the background, observations and analyses  Compile supporting material for appendices  Write the Recommendations  Write the Introduction

17 RMIT University17 A recommended procedure Final compilation of reference list / bibliography Write Abstract (if required) Insert Table of Contents

18 Referencing: APA Style

19 RMIT University19 You must cite a reference source when you use:  a direct quote  information expressed in your own words (ie. paraphrase)  statistics  diagrams, tables, graphs  photos

20 RMIT University20 You do not need to cite a reference when you use:  Your own personal experience or opinion  Common knowledge (definition?)

21 RMIT University21 In-Text Referencing DeFazio (1999) claims that referencing conventions for technological resources will become more consistent with wider use. Conventions for referencing the internet will gain greater consistency with increased use in scholastic work. (DeFazio, 1999) The rules for referencing sources are “formulaic and very strict” (DeFazio, 1999, p.107)

22 RMIT University22 Paragraph Example (APA) Disadvantaged groups within society also experience inequalities in health care. Thompson (1999) states that a person’s health has a direct relationship to their social and economic standing within the community. Groups with a low socioeconomic status have poorer health than those with a high socioeconomic status (National Health Strategy, 1998). The high infant mortality rates for Indigenous Australians and the lower life expectancy for Aboriginal women (Brown, 2001) are two examples that show inequalities in health care for particular groups within the Australian community. Therefore, for health programs to be more effective, the community needs to look at …

23 RMIT University23 Other examples Use of et al. for 3 to 5 authors of a book or journal article Harter, Schmidt and Hayes (2002) argue that individual, group and organisation level factors are related to performance and retention. Harter et al. (2002) also state that job satisfaction is important and is directly related to retention. Secondary sources Brown and Martin (as cited in Harmon, 2002) have reported a case study of a student with differing literacy issues in his first and second languages.

24 RMIT University24 The Reference List A new page at the end of your assignment Arranged in alphabetical order according to author’s surname cited in-text Includes all references cited in-text

25 RMIT University25 Reference List Entry DeFazio, T. (1999) Studying in Australia: a guide for international students, Sydney, Allen & Unwin.

26 Some useful APA Resources

27 RMIT University27 RMIT Referencing Sites Quick Guide Longer Version

28 RMIT University28 APA Electronic Style Guide 2007 (now available in library catalogue) https://login.ezproxy.lib.rmit.edu.au/connect? session=sRpltsIS8Yazv9fn&url=https://logi n.ezproxy.lib.rmit.edu.au/login/digital/erese rve/APAguide/style_reference.pdf

29 RMIT University29 Google “APA Referencing” nformation_skills/referencing/apa.pdf nformation_skills/referencing/apa.pdf s/apa.shtml s/apa.shtml g/apa.html g/apa.html

30 RMIT University30 The main reasons for referencing To show you have read widely on a topic & you have identified important ideas in other writers’ research To draw on experts to support the points you are making and hence make them more persuasive To allow the reader to locate, check and follow up the sources used

31 RMIT University31 Plagiarism If you do not indicate the sources of your ideas, it could appear that you are wrongfully claiming another author’s ideas or words to be your own This is known as plagiarism

32 RMIT University32 How to avoid plagiarism Become familiar with the American Psychological Association (APA) referencing system Develop a system to record bibliographic information for all sources you use Take careful notes and develop a system to distinguish: *Text you have copied from the source *Text you have paraphrased or summarised *Your own ideas

33 RMIT University33 How to avoid plagiarism with every draft Include APA in-text referencing (author, date) with every draft Compile your reference list as you write your assignment Get into the habit of paraphrasing appropriately

34 RMIT University34 Paraphrasing Preferred Please Lecturer’s usually prefer paraphrasing to direct quotations. Why?

35 RMIT University35 Quotes….. “blah, blah, blah, blah, blah, blah, blah, blah, blah, blah,” (Thingo, 1999, p.22) “blah, blah, blah, blah, blah, blah, blah, blah, blah, blah,” (Thingo, 1999, p.22)

36 RMIT University36 Paraphrasing…… Shorter To the point More elegant

37 RMIT University37 Task: change this quote to a paraphrase Smith (1999) states, “Children rely mainly on parents for gender stereotypes” (p. 12).

38 RMIT University38 Suggestions Smith (1999) states that parents are important gender stereotypes for children. Parents play an important role as gender stereotypes for children (Smith, 1999).

39 RMIT University39 Paraphrasing What strategies did you use to complete the task?


Download ppt "Report Writing & Referencing A lecture for Year 1 B.Ed students By Karen Dellar Study & Learning Centre RMIT University."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google