2 Conventional Cotton Facts Cotton, a natural fiber, has been grown for millennia around the world and accounts for half the worlds fiber consumption. But modern methods of cotton farming can hardly be called natural. The amount of land used to grow cotton hasnt changed since the 1930s, but yields have been increased 300 percent through hybridization, intensive land management and the use of chemical pesticides and fertilizers.
3 Organic Cotton Facts Organic Cotton is the purest form of cotton. It is grown without the use of Pesticides, Fungicides, Herbicides, Sewage Sludge, Irradiation or Genetic Engineering. Instead of these toxic chemicals, Organic Farmers use natural alternative methods and tools to enhance soil quality and biodiversity and protect the air and water on which we depend. To ensure its high quality standards, Organic cotton has to be certified by an accredited independent organization, which verifies organic methods are used to cultivate the cotton.
4 Organic vs. Natural Cotton Cultivation Organic Fertilizer Pest Hunting Insects Hand Weeding Grown in Mixed Crop Fields (This increases Weed Resistance Naturally) Plants Are Naturally Allowed to Wither Single Crop Fields Defoliant Chemical Herbicide Chemical Pesticide Chemical Fertilizer Organic Cotton Farms Chemicals have not been used for more than three years Regular Cotton Farms Chemicals are currently in use Mild Hydrogen-Peroxide used as Natural Whitening & Disinfectant Agent Final Result: Natural CottonFinal Result: Organic Cotton
5 Organic vs. Conventional Cotton Farming Methods Organic Farming Methods Seed Preparation –Use of untreated seeds. –Never use Genetically Modified Organism seeds. Soil & Water –Soil stays strong and nutrient rich through Crop Rotation –Retains water more efficiently, because of increased Organic matters in the soil Weed Control –Use of natural methods such as Cultivation, Hand Hoeing, and Physical Removal rather than Chemical Destruction Pest Control –Monitor a balance between pests and their natural predators by maintaining healthy soil –Use of Beneficial Insects, biological and cultural practices to control pests and trap crops to lure insects away from the cotton. Harvesting –Relies mostly on the seasonal freeze or stimulation through water management for defoliation Conventional Farming Methods Seed Preparation –Seeds are treated with Fungicides or Insecticides. –Use Genetically Modified Organism seeds. Soil & Water –Apply Synthetic fertilizers. –Monocropping - Depletes soil of nutrients, increasing the need for pesticides and fertilizers –Requires Intensive Irrigation. Weed Control –Chemical destruction, leaving harmful residues behind in the soil –Over application and Excessive use of herbicides Pest Control –Heavy use of Insecticides. –Heavy use of Pesticides (the nine most common highly toxic chemicals). –Frequently use Aerial Spraying, with potential drift onto neighboring communities. Harvesting –Defoliates with Toxic Chemicals.
6 Organic Cotton Benefits By Choosing Organically grown Cotton for your Fem Hy products, you can reap all the benefits of Cottons beauty, comfort and strength, while minimizing harm to humans and our planet. Overview of Organic Cotton benefits are as follows: –100% Eco-Friendly –The natural, chemical-free process drastically reduces soil and water pollution. –A natural soft feel quality –Far more absorbent than Fluff pulp used in Sanitary Hygiene Products. –Hypoallergenic. It does not cause any Allergy or irritation when it touches human skin. –Provides all the quality and texture expected from cotton products. –Feels good on your skin and good on your conscience.
7 Organic Cotton Benefits (1) Protects the health of humans. Babies and children are most vulnerable to the health risks related to pesticides. Using Organic Cotton products reduces their exposure to toxic pesticides during the most sensitive developmental stages of life. For adults with sensitive skin, Organic Cotton is free of allergens contained in chemically grown and synthetic products. Also, supporting organic agriculture is essential to creating improved working conditions for farm workers.
8 Organic Cotton Benefits (2) Protects the Planet. Protects water quality by not using pesticides and fertilizers that are linked to groundwater contamination, the primary source of drinking water for half of the US population. Encourages biodiversity by controlling pests with friendly insects rather than multiple applications of toxic chemicals. It has been estimated that pesticides unintentionally kill at least 67 million birds in the US each year and its likely they kill many more.
9 Organic Cotton Benefits (3) Supports a True Economy Supports a True Economy. Conventional cotton prices do not reflect the hidden costs we pay including billions of dollars in subsidies, pesticide regulation, hazardous waste disposal and overall environmental damage. Organic Cotton is often farmed by small independently owned and operated family farms.
10 Why Choose Organic Cotton? The Facts: Conventional Cotton Farming uses approximately 25% of the worlds Insecticides and more than 10% of the Pesticides (including Herbicides, Insecticides and Defoliants). In 2003, 55 million pounds of Pesticides were sprayed on the 12.8 million acres of conventional cotton grown in the United States (4.30 pounds per acre), making Cotton the third most heavily treated US crop behind corn and soybeans (Reported by USDA). The US Environmental Protection Agency categorizes seven of the 15 most common pesticides used on cotton in the year 2000 in the US as possible, likely, Probable, or known human carcinogens (Acephate, 1,3-Dichloropropene, Diuron, Fluometuron, Pendimethalin, Tribufos,and Trifluralin). In 2000, more than 2 billion pounds of Synthetic fertilizers were applied to cotton crops worldwide. Thats nearly 150 pounds of chemicals per acre. According to the World Health Organization, 20,000 individuals die of cancer and miscarriages each year in developing countries as a result of the chemicals sprayed on conventional cotton. Farm workers around the world are suffering from serious health problems relating to an over exposure to hazardous pesticides, including Asthma, Neurological damage and Cancer. It takes roughly a third of a pound of chemicals (pesticides and fertilizers) to grow enough cotton for just one T-shirt. The average 100% cotton product actually contains only 73% cotton. The remaining 27% consists of Chemicals, Resins, and Binders used in Farming and Manufacturing.