Presentation on theme: "What are the responsibilities of a fitness or exercise specialist?"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 12: Fitness- and Health-related Careers in Physical Education and Sport What are the responsibilities of a fitness or exercise specialist?What are the opportunities available for someone pursuing a therapy-related career?How does one increase their marketability for fitness-, health-, and therapy-related careers?
2 Fitness- and Exercise-related Careers Preventive programsSpecialists work with healthy adults to increase their level of fitness.Corporate fitness centers, commercial fitness centers, and community agencies (YMCA/YWCA)Rehabilitative programsSpecialists work with individuals who exhibit the effects of coronary heart disease focusing on attaining a functional state of living and an enhanced quality of life.Most often found in hospitals, medical clinics or community agencies affiliated with corporate fitness centers.
3 Comprehensive Wellness Program Components Fitness development and maintenanceEducational effortsHealth promotionLifestyle modificationRecreational sport opportunities
4 Program Aspects (Institute of Aerobics Research) Medical screeningFitness and lifestyle assessmentGoal settingSupervised group programsEducational classesMotivation and reinforcementWhy should these aspects be included?How could you implement each of these aspects?
5 Exercise Program Specialist Responsibilities Direct programTrain and supervise staffBudget responsibilitiesFacility managementMarketingEvaluationIndividual exercise prescriptionsEvaluate and counsel on lifestyleData collection and analysis
6 Worksite Health Programs 46% of all worksites offer programs38% of small corporations68% of large corporationsPotential to reach over 110 million adultsConvenient for employeesOffers peer and social supportEconomic benefits to corporationsReduced injury rates, lower workman’s compensation costs, and reduced health care costsEnhancement of workplace morale, retaining employees
7 Top 10 Worksite Health Promotion Activities Job hazard/injury preventionExercise/physical fitnessSmoking controlStress managementAlcohol/other drugsBack careNutritionHigh blood pressureAIDS educationCholesterol screening
8 Program Suggestions Voluntary participation Continuous marketing Sensitivity to individual differencesFrequent evaluationModeling of healthy behavior by staffRecognition and rewardRecord-keepingBalance between fun and clinically significant programsPersonalize the program
9 Commercial and Community Fitness Programs IHRSCAClub membership has increased by 51% from 1987 to 1996.In 2000, there were nearly 33 million club members.Growth of community programsPrograms for all agesToddlers and preschool programs have increased.Programs for all abilitiesFor example, The Fitness Clinic for Physically Disabled at San Diego State UniversityThe addition of wellness centers have allowed hospitals to take more preventative approach!
10 Personal Trainers Work in private and public settings: Conducting fitness assessments.Developing specific goals with clients.Designing programs for goal attainment.Coaching clients through workouts.Monitoring progress of goals.New use of the Internet, , and phone to hire personal trainers and report results for convenience.
11 Strength and Conditioning Professionals “Assess, motivate, educate, and train athletes for the primary goal of improving sport performance.” (NSCA)Competencies necessary in the areas of:Scientific foundations of sport/exercise and nutritionExercise leadership and program designTechniques of sport psychology to maximize performanceRisks of performance-enhancing substances
12 Rehabilitation Programs Clinical exercise physiologists work mainly in hospitals and clinics.Work closely with physicians to meet the needs of diverse clients.To plan rehabilitation programs, they must be familiar with:Medical aspects of clients disease or conditionLimitations faced by clientsDrugs commonly used to treat the disease/condition and their effectsPsychological aspects of exercise on the clients
13 Career Preparation Education Various certifications offered by: Undergraduate and graduate education in exercise science, fitness and cardiac rehabilitation, etc.Various certifications offered by:ACSMYMCAAFAANSCAPractical experienceProfessional involvement
14 Athletic Training Prevention of Injuries Rehabilitation Supervision of conditioning programsAdvising coaches and athletesAssist with preseason physicalsChecking equipment and facilities for safetyRehabilitationAdministers therapeutic treatments and monitors progress.Motivate and encourage throughout recoveryRecord-keeping of injury status and history of injuryCertification - NATA
15 Health and Weight-Control Clubs & Spas Found at resorts, hotels, mineral springs, and cruise ships.Are they only seeking your money?Offer fitness activities, graded exercise tests, instruction in sport activities, exercise classesDiet and nutritional counseling, stress management, massagesGrowth of commercial diet centers focused on weight reduction.
16 Therapy-Related Careers Dance therapy (ADTA)Clients have freedom of movement and gains a sense of identity.Encourages individuals to recognize and express their emotions.Used with all segments of the population.Recreational therapy (AAHPERD)Concerned with problems of physically, emotionally, and socially disabled persons and with the elderly.Using the techniques of play, it helps achieve appropriate goals for those in community and institutional settings.Kinesiotherapy (AKA)“…under the direction of a physician, treats the effects of disease, injury, and congenital disorders, through the use of therapeutic exercise and eduucation.”
17 Increasing Professional Marketability Additional courses in health and related areasCertificationACSM, First Aid/CPR, NATABuild on one’s interests and strengthsDevelop areas of expertise that interest you.Practical experienceInternships, fieldwork, and volunteeringGain diverse experiences in settings and clients.