Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Hadoop and its Real-world Applications Xiaoxiao Shi, Guan Wang Experience: work at Yahoo! in 2010 summer, on developing hadoop-based machine learning models.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Hadoop and its Real-world Applications Xiaoxiao Shi, Guan Wang Experience: work at Yahoo! in 2010 summer, on developing hadoop-based machine learning models."— Presentation transcript:

1 Hadoop and its Real-world Applications Xiaoxiao Shi, Guan Wang Experience: work at Yahoo! in 2010 summer, on developing hadoop-based machine learning models.

2 Contents Motivation of Hadoop History of Hadoop The current applications of Hadoop Programming examples Research with Hadoop Conclusions

3 Motivation of Hadoop How do you scale up applications? – Run jobs processing 100’s of terabytes of data – Takes 11 days to read on 1 computer Need lots of cheap computers – Fixes speed problem (15 minutes on 1000 computers), but… – Reliability problems In large clusters, computers fail every day Cluster size is not fixed Need common infrastructure – Must be efficient and reliable

4 Motivation of Hadoop Open Source Apache Project Hadoop Core includes: – Distributed File System - distributes data – Map/Reduce - distributes application Written in Java Runs on – Linux, Mac OS/X, Windows, and Solaris – Commodity hardware

5 Fun Fact of Hadoop "The name my kid gave a stuffed yellow elephant. Short, relatively easy to spell and pronounce, meaningless, and not used elsewhere: those are my naming criteria. Kids are good at generating such. Googol is a kid’s term." ---- Doug Cutting, Hadoop project creator

6 History of Hadoop Apache Nutch Doug Cutting “Map-reduce” 2004 “It is an important technique!” Reads paper Extended Joins Yahoo! at 2006 The great journey begins…

7 History of Hadoop Yahoo! became the primary contributor in 2006

8 History of Hadoop Yahoo! deployed large scale science clusters in Tons of Yahoo! Research papers emerge: – WWW – CIKM – SIGIR – VLDB – …… Yahoo! began running major production jobs in Q Nowadays…

9 When you visit yahoo, you are interacting with data processed with Hadoop!

10 Nowadays… Ads Optimization Content Optimization Search Index Content Feed Processing When you visit yahoo, you are interacting with data processed with Hadoop!

11 Nowadays… Ads Optimization Content Optimization Search Index Content Feed Processing Machine Learning (e.g. Spam filters) When you visit yahoo, you are interacting with data processed with Hadoop!

12 Nowadays… Yahoo! has ~20,000 machines running Hadoop The largest clusters are currently 2000 nodes Several petabytes of user data (compressed, unreplicated) Yahoo! runs hundreds of thousands of jobs every month

13 Nowadays… Who use Hadoop? Amazon/A9 AOL Facebook Fox interactive media Google IBM New York Times PowerSet (now Microsoft) Quantcast Rackspace/Mailtrust Veoh Yahoo! More at

14 Nowadays (job market on Nov 15 th )… Software Developer Intern - IBM - Somers, NY +3 locations- Agile development - Big data / Hadoop / data analytics a plus Software Developer - IBM - San Jose, CA +4 locations - include Hadoop-powered distributed parallel data processing system, big data analytics... multiple technologies, including Hadoop

15 It is important Details…

16 Nowadays… Hadoop Core – Distributed File System – MapReduce Framework Pig (initiated by Yahoo!) – Parallel Programming Language and Runtime Hbase (initiated by Powerset) – Table storage for semi-structured data Zookeeper (initiated by Yahoo!) – Coordinating distributed systems Hive (initiated by Facebook) – SQL-like query language and metastore

17

18 HDFS Hadoop's Distributed File System is designed to reliably store very large files across machines in a large cluster. It is inspired by the Google File System. Hadoop DFS stores each file as a sequence of blocks, all blocks in a file except the last block are the same size. Blocks belonging to a file are replicated for fault tolerance. The block size and replication factor are configurable per file. Files in HDFS are "write once" and have strictly one writer at any time. Hadoop Distributed File System – Goals: Store large data sets Cope with hardware failure Emphasize streaming data access

19 Typical Hadoop Structure Commodity hardware – Linux PCs with local 4 disks Typically in 2 level architecture – 40 nodes/rack – Uplink from rack is 8 gigabit – Rack-internal is 1 gigabit all-to-all

20

21 Hadoop structure Single namespace for entire cluster – Managed by a single namenode. – Files are single-writer and append-only. – Optimized for streaming reads of large files. Files are broken in to large blocks. – Typically 128 MB – Replicated to several datanodes, for reliability Client talks to both namenode and datanodes – Data is not sent through the namenode. – Throughput of file system scales nearly linearly with the number of nodes. Access from Java, C, or command line.

22

23 Hadoop Structure Java and C++ APIs – In Java use Objects, while in C++ bytes Each task can process data sets larger than RAM Automatic re-execution on failure – In a large cluster, some nodes are always slow or flaky – Framework re-executes failed tasks Locality optimizations – Map-Reduce queries HDFS for locations of input data – Map tasks are scheduled close to the inputs when possible

24 Example of Hadoop Programming Word Count: “I ike parallel computing. I also took courses on parallel computing… …” – Parallel: 2 – Computing: 2 – I: 2 – Like: 1 – ……

25 Example of Hadoop Programming Intuition: design Assume each node will process a paragraph… Map: – What is the key? – What is the value? Reduce: – What to collect? – What to reduce?

26 Word Count Example public class MapClass extends MapReduceBase implements Mapper { private final static IntWritable ONE = new IntWritable(1); public void map(LongWritable key, Text value, OutputCollector out, Reporter reporter) throws IOException { String line = value.toString(); StringTokenizer itr = new StringTokenizer(line); while (itr.hasMoreTokens()) { out.collect(new text(itr.nextToken()), ONE); }

27 Word Count Example public class ReduceClass extends MapReduceBase implements Reducer { public void reduce(Text key, Iterator values, OutputCollector out, Reporter reporter) throws IOException { int sum = 0; while (values.hasNext()) { sum += values.next().get(); } out.collect(key, new IntWritable(sum)); }

28 Word Count Example public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception { JobConf conf = new JobConf(WordCount.class); conf.setJobName("wordcount"); conf.setMapperClass(MapClass.class); conf.setCombinerClass(ReduceClass.class); conf.setReducerClass(ReduceClass.class); FileInputFormat.setInputPaths(conf, args[0]); FileOutputFormat.setOutputPath(conf, new Path(args[1])); conf.setOutputKeyClass(Text.class); // out keys are words (strings) conf.setOutputValueClass(IntWritable.class); // values are counts JobClient.runJob(conf); }c

29 Hadoop in Yahoo! 29 Before HadoopAfter Hadoop Time26 days20 minutes LanguageC++Python Development Time2-3 weeks2-3 days Database for Search Assist™ is built using Hadoop. 3 years of log-data 20-steps of map-reduce

30 Related research of hadoop Conference Tutorial: – KDD Tutorial: “Modeling with Hadoop”, KDD 2011 (top conference in data mining) – Strta Tutorial: “How to Develop Big Data Applications for Hadoop” – OSCON Tutorial: “Introduction to Hadoop”, Papers: – Scalable distributed inference of dynamic user interests for behavioral targeting. KDD 2011: – Yucheng Low, Deepak Agarwal, Alexander J. Smola: Multiple domain user personalization. KDD 2011: – Shuang-Hong Yang, Bo Long, Alexander J. Smola, Hongyuan Zha, Zhaohui Zheng: Collaborative competitive filtering: learning recommender using context of user choice. SIGIR 2011: – Srinivas Vadrevu, Choon Hui Teo, Suju Rajan, Kunal Punera, Byron Dom, Alexander J. Smola, Yi Chang, Zhaohui Zheng: Scalable clustering of news search results. WSDM 2011: – Shuang-Hong Yang, Bo Long, Alexander J. Smola, Narayanan Sadagopan, Zhaohui Zheng, Hongyuan Zha: Like like alike: joint friendship and interest propagation in social networks. WWW 2011: – Amr Ahmed, Alexander J. Smola: WWW 2011 invited tutorial overview: latent variable models on the internet. WWW (Companion Volume) 2011: – Daniel Hsu, Nikos Karampatziakis, John Langford, Alexander J. Smola: Parallel Online Learning CoRR abs/ : (2011) – Neethu Mohandas, Sabu M. Thampi: Improving Hadoop Performance in Handling Small Files. ACC 2011: – Tomasz Wiktor Wlodarczyk, Yi Han, Chunming Rong: Performance Analysis of Hadoop for Query Processing. AINA Workshops 2011: – …… All just this year! 2011!

31 For more information: – – Who uses Hadoop?: –


Download ppt "Hadoop and its Real-world Applications Xiaoxiao Shi, Guan Wang Experience: work at Yahoo! in 2010 summer, on developing hadoop-based machine learning models."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google