Presentation on theme: "Thought Swap How would you define creative thinking?"— Presentation transcript:
1Thought Swap How would you define creative thinking? This is designed to help students think about what makes a good scientific question.Students may be surprise to find out that it takes a great deal more creativity to be a good scientist than they would expect.EmotionalThinking from both the heart and the mindFollowing through on inspirationArtDoing something new (for either the individual, community, or humanity)ScienceUse of past experiences & knowledge to come up with new solutions, insights, hypotheses.
2Thought Swap How would you define creative thinking? How would you define critical thinking?This is to have students perhaps think about the detail that is required of a good scientific question.It does require that you be objective, think logically and to weigh the types of evidence that you may have against the source of that evidence.Logical thinkingMaking conclusions based on empirical data, repeated observations.Judging information rationally in order to decide what to believe or accept.Examining any belief or form of knowledge in the light of the evidence for or against.People are more likely to accept something as true from their neighbors than any other source.
3Often science is thought of as dry, uncreative or boring. Science requires both creative and critical thinking in designing both research questions and experiments.Often science is thought of as dry, uncreative or boring.However those who are creative often approach science in an exciting new way.The purpose is to bring about a discussion about all the “requirements” of a good scientific question. Hopefully it creates an excitement in some students who might see science as dry or boring or too complicated. Just as there are different types of learning styles, there are many ways an experiment can be designed or proposed. Often a person has to be very creative especially when supplies or time is limited.I would try to use this to try to really get all the students’ buy in for their group projects. Let them know that it takes a keen imagination looking at a problem from many angles to really decide what is a good design to answer a particular question.
4Questions are an essential part of science. What makes a good scientific question is that it can be answered by direct observations or with scientific tools.Examples of questions that are not scientific are based on values or opinions like what people believe is right or wrong, or beautiful or ugly.Scientists may start with a broad question such as “Why do people get colds?”Next, they break the question down into smaller questions:Can you catch a cold from someone else?Is there a relationship between getting chills and catching a cold?They state the final question in a way that can be answered by investigation or experiment.A good scientific question is “Does getting chilled cause colds?”
5What makes a good scientific question? AnswerableUnanswerable questions are often “Why?” questions or questions that deal with opinion.Testable by an experiment or measurementBased on what is already knownRepeatableWhen answered, often leads to further questionsOne that can be answered by experimentation or observationOften unanswerable questions are based on opinion OR Why? questions**Is basketball a better sport than soccer? The answer is biased depending on who you ask and even if over 50% of the people surveyed like basketball better, you may still not think the question is definitively answered.One that is based upon what is already known, whether that question is designed to reaffirm the existing paradigm or to challenge it.One that leads to further questioning. A broad scientific question may ask “What are the impacts of introduced species?”
6Tips on Asking Good Scientific Questions Ask several questions about a topicEliminate questions that cannot be answered with DIRECT OBSERVATION or by GATHERING EVIDENCEBreak broad questions into smaller questions (that can be answered one at a time)Write questions so they can be answered by an experiment(“What?” questions are good question!)
71. Some people work better in the morning, and other people work better in the afternoon. 2. Taking something that belongs to another person is wrong.3. Snakes travel in pairs.4. Animals behave in strange ways before an earthquake.5. People shouldn’t use things unless they can be recycled.
86. Basketball is a better sport than soccer. 7. You will remember best whatever you read just before you fall asleep.8. Maria’s bike is faster than Charlie’s bike.9. Each year when the weather gets cold, birds fly to warmer regions.10. Trucks use more gasoline than cars.
9Choose one of the scientific questions you developed in 1-10 above and tell what kind of evidence you would need to answer the question. How do you think a researcher could collect that evidence?