Presentation on theme: "North Carolina’s Serious & Violent Offender ReEntry Initiative: Going Home A Systemic Approach to Offender Reintegration Justice Systems Innovations."— Presentation transcript:
1North Carolina’s Serious & Violent Offender ReEntry Initiative: Going Home A Systemic Approach to Offender Reintegration Justice Systems Innovations NC Division of Mental Health, Developmental Disabilities & Substance Abuse Services
2Going Home Initiative Goals To ensure public safety by reducing recidivism through successful community reintegration.To create a sustainable transition & reentry process that ensures coordinated services & supervision for offenders released from prison.To establish a statewide network of government agencies, community & faith-based organizations, businesses & citizens committed to successful offender transition & reentry.
3Framework Role Clarification Accountability Responsibility Training & Development
4NC Reentry Cluster Communities Region 3Region 2Region 123AsheAlleghany231GatesSurry17Caswell99Vance9WarrenNorthampton6CurrituckStokes17Rockingham17Person99Granville6HertfordCamden24Watauga6HalifaxPerquimansRegion 4Wilkes23Yadkin23Forsyth21Alamance156BertiePasquotank9FranklinMitchell24Avery24Guilford18Orange15Durham7NashChowanYancey24Caldwell25Alexander227EdgecombeDavie222MartinMadison24Iredell22Wake102WashingtonBurke25Davidson222TyrrellChatham15Dare1Catawba25Randolph19Wilson7McDowell29Rowan193Pitt2BeaufortHaywood30Buncombe28Swain30Lincoln 27Lee11Johnston118Greene2Hyde30GrahamRutherford29Cabarrus1919MontgomeryHarnett118WayneJackson30Henderson2927ClevelandPolk2927GastonStanly20Moore20Transylvania2926Mecklenburg8Lenoir3Craven3PamlicoCherokee30Clay30Macon3012Cumberland4JonesUnion20Anson20Richmond20Hoke16Sampson4Duplin416Scotland4OnslowCarteretRobeson1613BladenPender513ColumbusNewHanover513Brunswick
5North Carolina’s Offender Re-entry Process Phase 1: Division of PrisonsMake a plan for the offender’s reentryParticipate in programs such as education, substance abuse & mental health treatment, life skills & job trainingPhase 2: Community ReentryOngoing review & monitoring of the offender’s reentry planParticipate in programs for needed services, such as supervised housing, job placement, education & treatmentPhase 3: Long-term SupportLong-term accountability for reentry planParticipate in aftercare treatment, ongoing mentoring, & support groups via community-based organizationsOffender Management Model (OMM)Clinical AssessmentIndividualizedCase PlanEmploymentMental HealthServicesCBITransportationEducation/Voc TrainingSubstanceAbuse SvcsMedical ServicesHousing/Food/ClothingContinuous Case Management and Case Staffing
6Target PopulationReleased from prison with at least 90 days of community supervision (e.g., parole or post-release supervision)Age at time of releaseGoing home to one of the cluster communities (see map)
8Phase 1: Institution Plan for the offender’s reentry Participation in programs such as academic & vocational education, substance abuse, & life skillsWork on the unit or through work release, or participate in vocational programs or job trainingReceive medical & mental health treatment as needed
9Institution ProcessGenerate list of eligible inmates months prior to releaseReview list, verify eligibility, & contact case managersDiscuss Going Home Initiative & schedule initial meeting
10Institution Process (contd) Review inmate’s fileConduct Team meeting w/ Case Manager & Inmate (w/in 12 mos.)Complete needs assessment, OTI & Common AssessmentModify case planConduct Team meeting w/ Case Manager & Inmate (w/in 6 mos.)Review case planMake recommendations for conditions of releaseConduct Team meeting with Case Manager & Inmate (prior to release)Review case plan & make initial recommendations for community case planDevelop release schedule
11Intended OutcomesImprove coordination of program & service delivery in prisonIdentify transition & reentry needs earlierIncrease accountability for expected outcomesInstitute an outcome-oriented case planning processInitiate a seamless transition from prison to the community
12DOC Programs, Policies & Procedures Education (academic & vocational)Vocational RehabilitationDrug/Alcohol Recovery Treatment (DART)Character EducationTransition Aftercare Network (TAN)Employment (Work Release, Corrections Enterprise)Cognitive Behavioral Interventions (CBI)JOBSTART/JOBSTART II (Job Preparation for Offenders)Mutual Agreement Parole Program (MAPP)New Case Management policyNew Transition policyTransition Envelope
13Phase 2: Community Reentry Ongoing review & monitoring of offender’s reentry planParticipate in programs for needed treatment & services, such as supervised housing, job search & placement, academic & vocational education & treatmentDevelop mentoring relationship & supportive networks
14Community Process Initiate 24-hour shadow (community mentor) Establish basic support systemBegin probation supervisionDevelop community case plan with expanded Transition TeamMonitor case planParticipation in programs & servicesFocus on housing, employment & mentoringContinue on-going case management
15Intended Outcomes Re-assess offender for risk & need Monitor outcome-oriented case planningIncrease accountability for expected outcomesImprove program & service delivery system in the communityEmphasize specific transition issues such as housing, employment, mentoring & treatment
16Phase 3: Long-term Support Identify goals for long-term accountabilityParticipate in continuing care, mentoring & support groupsContinue monitoring of reentry plan
17Long-term Process Provide supportive network for offender Build capacity of community partners to provide supportive network for offendersPromote and cultivate relationships among network partnersConduct training and provide technical assistance and workshops
18Intended OutcomesEstablish long-term support & networks in the communityBuild capacity of communities to hold offenders accountableBuild capacity of community-based organizations to support offenders in transitionShare accountability for expected outcomes
19Keys to Offender Reintegration An interlocking process involving the correctional system w/ state & local partners:Pre-release planning & preparationPost-release transitioning & supervisionOn-going community supportClose supervision from day of release through transition by probation/parole officers, in concert w/ local law enforcement & community-based partners, is essential for keeping the offender focused on his/her reintegration case plan.
20Post-Release Supervision Close supervision monitoring of the offender from the day of release through the end of the transitional phase by probation/ parole officers, in concert with local law enforcement & other community-based partners.This is crucial to keeping the offender on task in pursuing his or her reintegration case plan.
21The Four C’s of Partnering CollaborationA spirit of willingcooperation & mutualrespect that allows different entitiesto share a common vision to contributeto the process.CoordinationA sequenced plan of action, agreed to by all parties, delineating who will do what, when & for what duration.CommitmentA good-faith pledge by all partners to do whatever each has resources to do, with no concern for who gets credit.CommunicationThe free sharing of information and knowledge.
22Reintegration Culminates in the Community The ultimate challenge of the reintegration process occurs in the community.The community partners who will assume primary respons-ibility in this stage must be increasingly involved in the process as it progresses, ensuring continuity of support leading to offender reintegration.
23Objectives of the Local Partner Process Increased understanding of the criminal justice system, corrections & offendersEnhanced ability to respond to public safety issues, as well as community concernsIntegrated local resources & agency workEnhanced problem-solving skills around common interestsAn educated, diverse core group that can explain program & resource needs for system integration
24Local Partner Process: Critical Elements Define a mechanism to facilitate two-way communication; All parties directly involved must be committed to the mechanismRepresentation from all appropriate segments of the communityDefine the roles & responsibilities of each partnerDirect involvement in decision-making processClearly defined procedures to hold each other accountableEach partner’s needs & limitations are acknow-ledged & addressedOrientations for all partners to learn about each other
25Local Partner “to do list” Develop leadership structureDevelop regular meeting scheduleDevelop local Memoranda of Understanding & standard operating proceduresTour local prison & build relationships with staffConduct resource mapping in major need areas: housing, employment, mentoring/life coaching & treatmentDevelop job description for contractual JobLink staffBuild network capacity by participating in training & requesting technical assistance