Presentation on theme: "Balanced Assessment in Reading Workshop"— Presentation transcript:
1Balanced Assessment in Reading Workshop Aug 25, 2011Referencing Teaching Reading in Small Groupsby Jennifer Serravallo, 2010
2What do you already do?Take a moment to reflect on the assessments you use with your readers.After a minute or two, please turn and talk about:1. What you use….and2. What it tells you about your students
3Current Assessment Terms Reading assessments can be categorized as:diagnostic, formative, or summative;informal or formal;quantitative or qualitative.
4We want to assess: Engagement with reading Fluency and intonation Print work strategiesComprehensionConversational skills
5Ways to Assess Engagement: Engagement Inventories to observe:Are the child’s eyes on print?Is the child giggling at the funny parts?Is the child turning pages at an acceptable pace?What types of things distract a child from reading?How many minutes can a child stay engaged with a book?
6Ways to Assess Engagement: Book Logs:What types of books (genres, authors, levels) does the child tend to choose?How many pages is the child reading per minute?How many books does the child read per week?How much time is spent reading at home versus reading at school?
7Ways to Assess Engagement: and Reading Interest Inventories:What are a child’s attitudes toward reading?With whom does a child like to share his reading?What types of books (genres, authors) does the child report liking and disliking?
8Fluency and Intonation: Fluency affects comprehension, comprehension affects fluency (Kuhn 2008; Rasinski 2003)In analyzing a child’s reading with an eye toward fluency, it is essential to go beyond just the speed with which a child can read and look at the qualities and dimensions within her fluent reading. (Serravallo, 2010)
9Dimensions of Fluent Reading Accuracy: The ability of a reader to identify words in text correctly or with precisionAutomaticity: The recognition of words in text instantaneously without the use of strategy or other conscious effort.Expression or Prosody: The aspects of reading such as stress, emphasis, and appropriate phrasing that, when taken together, create an expressive rendering of a textParsing or Phrasing: Maintaining appropriate syntax when reading; breaking a sentence into appropriate phrase units. Correct parsing aids comprehension.
10Ways We Could Assess Fluency: Running RecordsOne – on – one ConferencesPartnershipsObservations during minilessons and shared reading
11Assessing Print WorkReaders use print work strategies to “attend to the visual information in print” and to utilize phonological, semantic, and syntactic information for “word-level problem solving” (Clay 2001, 145, 126)As proficient readers, the strategies that we know are almost always underground. (Serravallo, 2010)
12Ways to Assess Print Work: Running Records:❏Does that mistake/self-correction make sense (meaning)?❏Does that mistake/self-correction sound right (syntax)?❏Does that mistake/self-correction look right (visual)?(We also assess use of these “sources of information” during one-on-one conferences)
13Assessing Comprehension Comprehension is at the heart of what it means to really read. Reading is thinking and understanding and getting at the meaning behind a text. (Serravallo, 2010)
14Comprehension Skills❏Activating prior knowledge before, during, and after reading a text❏Determining the most important ideas and themes in a text❏Creating visual and sensory images before, during, and after reading a text.❏Asking questions❏Predicting❏Drawing inferences❏Retelling and synthesizing❏Using fix-up strategies when comprehension breaks down.
15Ways We Could Assess Comprehension: Running Record Comprehension ConversationsOne-on-one conferencesReading Notebook work and stop-and-jots (sticky notes)Partner conversations/Whole class conversations
16Assessing Conversation Author/educator/social activists Katherine and Randy Bomer write in their book For a Better World: Reading and Writing for Social Action (2001) that “democracy exists only when people deliberate together,”It is important to also listen for conversational skills as children talk. Helping children to work not only in a group, but also as a group helps children develop shared understanding, affiliation, and a “deeper sense of caring” (Johnston 2004).
17Ways We Could Assess Conversation: Whole Class ConversationsInteractive Read Aloud Turn-and- TalksPartnership work (and later) Book Club Conversations
18The Last Word…As you form and plan for reading instruction, it is helpful to see students as individuals and keep your purpose in mind. Are you listening and observing for engagement? Fluency? Print work strategies? Comprehension? Conversational skills? Remember that you have more than one place to assess for each one of those behaviors and skills. The more information you have about a student, the more precise your assessment of each student will be. (Serravallo, 2010)