Methods How we can make sense of such complexity?
‘We maybe able to able to learn a lot about the kind of dynamics involved in the functioning of such systems…Complexity theory underscores the importance of contingent factors… No general model can capture these singularities.’ Cilliers, 2001, p.145
Qualitative Comparative Method Charles Ragin Use of quantitative thresholds to make qualitative judgements Better consideration of cases Multiple ‘complex’ paths to outcome
Implications for practice ‘Decision makers should be content with setting minimum specifications, establishing boundaries and letting the system settle into a condition that satisfies the constraints placed on it.’ (Kernick 2004, p137)’
Airport paperback: five point summary Don’t micro manage Do both synthesis and analysis (the big picture is an important as the detail) Celebrate positive feedback systems Some places are trapped in negative feedback, consider intervening on a large scale. Listen to local context and ‘stories’