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Indonesia’s Support to Children’s Holistic Learning and Development Prof. Dr. Lydia Freyani Hawadi Director General of Early Childhood Education, Non-

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Presentation on theme: "Indonesia’s Support to Children’s Holistic Learning and Development Prof. Dr. Lydia Freyani Hawadi Director General of Early Childhood Education, Non-"— Presentation transcript:

1 Indonesia’s Support to Children’s Holistic Learning and Development Prof. Dr. Lydia Freyani Hawadi Director General of Early Childhood Education, Non- formal and Informal Education Ministry of Education and Culture November 5, 2012

2 Outline Indonesia’s achievements Lingering challenges The national strategy for responding to Indonesia’s challenges ECED – a fundamental component of Indonesia’s strategy 2

3 Indonesia’s Achievements 3

4 Indonesia: A key player on the world stage Indonesia’s admission into the G20 signifies the country’s increasing global importance In 2011 GDP increased to $US 825 billion making Indonesia the 16th largest economy in the world 4

5 Indonesia’s income per capita increased from $US 3000 in 2010 to $US 3425 at the end of 2011 The middle class is growing by 7 million people annually and in 2011 was estimated to include about 130 million people This will keep increasing until the demographic dividend period is reached in Indonesia: A vibrant and growing middle class

6 Lingering Challenges 6

7 Poverty has fallen but inequality has persisted 7

8 Gains in ECED enrollment for example also underscore persisting inequality 8

9 Inequality of access – There are large gaps within and across provinces 9

10 The national strategy for responding to Indonesia’s challenges 10

11 Indonesia’s strategy to confront its challenges Pro-Poor (poverty reduction) Pro- Growth (economic growth) Pro-Job (employment creation) Pro-Environment (environmental sustainability) 11

12 National Education Priority Programs Early Childhood Education and Development 2. 9 years of compulsory education 3. Vocational Education 4. Improvements in Teachers’ Competence 5. Improvements in Competence of Higher Education Lecturers/Personnel 12

13 Early Childhood Education - a fundamental component of Indonesia’s strategy 13

14 Good Quality of H R Foundation Qualified H R Globally Competitive HR Comprehensive Smart Human Being National Movement Of ECE National Quality Standard International Quality Standard Perfect Service Quality Improvement EXPECTED INDONESIA N CHILDREN PRESENT FOR 100 YEARS OF INDONESIAN INDEPENDENCE ECCE

15 Developing healthy, smart and noble character of early years children in order to get Indonesian people smart comprehensively by Improving AVAILABILITY 2. To extend ACCESSIBILITY 3. Improving QUALITY 4. Realizing EQUALITY 5. Guarantee of ASSURANCE EARLY CHILDHOOD SERVICES 1. Improving AVAILABILITY 2. To extend ACCESSIBILITY 3. Improving QUALITY 4. Realizing EQUALITY 5. Guarantee of ASSURANCE EARLY CHILDHOOD SERVICES

16 Population and Distribution million 0-6 years olds (CBS, 2010) 2. Gross Enrollment Rate for 3-6 year olds: 61% in % in rural areas (CBS, 2008) % live on Java Island, although this area is only 6.9% of the territory of Indonesia (CBS, 2008) 5. Population growth 1.49% per-year (CBS, 2010)

17 Gross Enrolment Rate of children 0-6 by Province 2011/ Red : APK below 31% in 16 provinces,namely, Papua, Papua Barat, Maluku, Kaltim, Kalbar, Malutu Utara, NTT, Aceh, Riau, Sulsel, Sumut, Sulut, Sumsel, Sulbar, Kalsel, and Lampung; 2.Purple: APK 31-40% in 11 provinces, namely, Jabar, Banten, Jambi, Jakarta, Sulteng, NTB, Sumbar, Sultra, Kalteng, Bengkulu, and Central Java. 3.Yellow : APK 41-50% in 4 provinces, namely, Bali, Gorontalo, Kepri, and Babel; 4.Green : APK above 51% in 2 provinces, namely, East Java and Yogyakarta. 1.Red : APK below 31% in 16 provinces,namely, Papua, Papua Barat, Maluku, Kaltim, Kalbar, Malutu Utara, NTT, Aceh, Riau, Sulsel, Sumut, Sulut, Sumsel, Sulbar, Kalsel, and Lampung; 2.Purple: APK 31-40% in 11 provinces, namely, Jabar, Banten, Jambi, Jakarta, Sulteng, NTB, Sumbar, Sultra, Kalteng, Bengkulu, and Central Java. 3.Yellow : APK 41-50% in 4 provinces, namely, Bali, Gorontalo, Kepri, and Babel; 4.Green : APK above 51% in 2 provinces, namely, East Java and Yogyakarta. Aceh (26,95%) Sumut(28,64%) Sumbar(34,07%) Sumsel(29,16%) Riau(28,13%) Lampung(29,88%) Bengkulu(39,01) Jambi(31,63%) Kepri(46,42%) Babel(47,63%) Kalbar(22,72%) Kalteng(35,79%) Kaltim(22,26%) Kalsel(29,58%) Jabar(31,07%) Jateng(39,08%) DIY(58,58%) Bali(40,22%)NTB(33,44%) Sulsel(28,44%) Sultra(34,24%) Sulut(28,85%) Gorontalo(40,27%) Papua(18,10%) Maluku Utara (24,14%) Maluku(21,29%) NTT24,69%) DKI(31,90%) Papua Barat (21,25%) Jatim(55,56%) Sulteng(33,15%) Banten(31,16%) APK < 31 APK 31-40% APK 41-50% APK > 51% Sulbar(29,23%) 17

18 Problems and Challenges A. ECE Access – Inequality persists B. Helping parents with children 0-2 years old C. Quality ECE Services for children 3-6 years old D. Sustainable Financing E. Competent ECE Teachers 18

19 Strategies A.Accelerating access to ECE services  Partnering with partner organizations, religious facilities and others in the communities  Block Grant schemens for : Operational Cost (BOP), for ‘Pioneer’ Services and for Educational Toys  Attracting Corporate Social Responsibility to supplement budgets B.Helping parents with children 0-2 years old  Cooperation with Min of Home Affairs (esp PKK/ Women Association), Min of Health and Family Planning  Provide Parenting Education C.Quality ECE services  Strengthening the organization providing services  Strengthening the Learning process  Improving the quality of Teacher and Teaching Personnel  Improving the Facility and equipment 19

20 20 D. Sustainable Financing  National and Provincial/ District Budget in the form of Operational Block Grant, Grant for Rehabilitation and equipment, Teacher incentive  Collaborating with Other community development program: PNPM Generasi – (for program) PNPM Mandiri (physical infrastructure)  Village Fund  CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility) E. Competent Teachers  Continuous training and other support  ECE cluster meeting  Teacher Qualification support

21 Enjoy the conference! We look forward to learning from the experiences you all will share with us 21

22 Selamat Datang dan Terima Kasih! 22


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