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Phase II Municipal Separate Storm Sewer System (MS4) Permits Patricia Foran & Cindy Hooper Storm Water & Pretreatment Team.

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Presentation on theme: "Phase II Municipal Separate Storm Sewer System (MS4) Permits Patricia Foran & Cindy Hooper Storm Water & Pretreatment Team."— Presentation transcript:

1 Phase II Municipal Separate Storm Sewer System (MS4) Permits Patricia Foran & Cindy Hooper Storm Water & Pretreatment Team

2 Authorization of TPDES Permitting Program for MS4s September 14, 1998 – TCEQ Receives Full Authorization for TPDES Program September 14, 1998 – TCEQ Receives Full Authorization for TPDES Program Storm Water to be Implemented in Phases Storm Water to be Implemented in Phases Existing Permits – TCEQ to Renew as Permits Expire Existing Permits – TCEQ to Renew as Permits Expire Individual Industrial Storm Water Individual Industrial Storm Water Phase I MS4 Phase I MS4 Multi Sector General Permit Multi Sector General Permit Phase I Construction Activities (CGP) Phase I Construction Activities (CGP) New Permits – TCEQ to Issue New Permits – TCEQ to Issue Phase II Construction Phase II Construction Phase II MS4 Phase II MS4

3 What is an MS4? A conveyance or system of conveyances...owned by the U.S., a state, city, county, town, or other public entity that discharges to waters of the U.S. and is: A conveyance or system of conveyances...owned by the U.S., a state, city, county, town, or other public entity that discharges to waters of the U.S. and is: Designed / Used to Collect or Convey Storm Water Designed / Used to Collect or Convey Storm Water Not a Combined Sewer Not a Combined Sewer Not Part of a POTW Not Part of a POTW

4 Difference Between Phase 1 and Phase 2 MS4s Phase I MS4s – “Medium” and “Large”   Municipalities With Population 100,000+ (1990 Census)   Existing Individual NPDES Permits   TCEQ Renewing as TPDES Permits Phase II MS4s – “Small”   MS4s Serving a Population <100,000 (1990 Census)   Phase II General Permit (Proposed TXR040000)

5 Regulated Small MS4s Small MS4s Located in an Urbanized Area (UA) Only the Portion of the MS4 Inside of a UA UA is a central place (or places) with a minimum residential population of 50,000 people, and a population density of ≥1,000 people/square mile. Texas UAs: “Designated” Small MS4s Any MS4 Designated by TCEQ None Currently Designated Designation Criteria

6 Waivers from Permitting Requirements “Waiver 1” Small MS4s Serving a Population <1,000 in a UA List of Populations Within UAs is Available on EPA Web Site: Waiver Form Will Be Available “Waiver 2” Work with TCEQ to Coordinate Request

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10 Technical Requirements - SWMP Develop and Implement Comprehensive Storm Water Management Program (SWMP) Reduce Pollution in Storm Water to the Maximum Extent Practicable (MEP) Protect Water Quality Meet Water Quality Requirements of Clean Water Act and Texas Water Code Include Six Minimum Control Measures (MCMs) Programs and Controls Best Management Practices (BMPs)

11 What are BMPs? Mechanisms to Prevent or Reduce the Discharge of Pollutants, such as: Schedules of activities Prohibitions of practices Maintenance procedures Structural controls Local ordinances Other management practices Includes treatment requirements, operating procedures, and practices to control runoff, spills or leaks, waste disposal, or drainage from raw material storage areas

12 Six Minimum Control Measures (MCM) 1.Public Education and Outreach 2.Public Involvement/Participation 3.Illicit Discharge Detection and Elimination 4.Construction Site Storm Water Runoff Control 5.Post-Construction Site Storm Water Management for New Development and Redevelopment 6.Pollution Prevention/Good Housekeeping for Municipal Operations 7.Optional - Municipal Construction Activities

13 General SWMP Requirements For each MCM: Establish Measurable Goals Evaluate / Assess Efforts to Meet Goals Maintain Records Full Implementation Required 5 Years from Permit Issuance Date For Designated MS4s, Full Implementation Five Years from Designation Meet MEP Standard

14 1 st MCM Public Education & Outreach Requirements: Distribute educational materials to the community or conduct equivalent outreach activities Inform Public about the Water Quality Impacts of Storm Water, Hazards Associated with Illicit Discharges, and Available Actions to Reduce Storm Water Pollutants Document Activities and Materials

15 1 st MCM – Who Must Be Included? Groups to Consider: Residents Visitors Public Service Employees Business Commercial/Industrial Facilities Construction Site Personnel Justify Any Group Not Included

16 1 st MCM – Guidance Use Available Materials from Other Sources Use Available Materials from Other Sources EPA, State, Local Resources EPA, State, Local Resources Target Specific Audiences and Communities Target Specific Audiences and Communities Distribute Fact Sheets Distribute Fact Sheets Conduct Speaking Engagements Conduct Speaking Engagements Air Public Service Announcements Air Public Service Announcements Establish Storm Drain Stenciling Programs Establish Storm Drain Stenciling Programs Develop Classroom Education Develop Classroom Education

17 2 nd MCM Public Involvement / Participation Requirements: Comply with State and Local Public Notice Requirements *Recommendation* Provide Opportunities for Constituents in the MS4 Area to Participate in the SWMP Development and Implementation N/A for Correctional Facilities

18 2 nd MCM –Guidance Include Public in SWMP Development Include Public in SWMP Development Involve Public in Reducing Storm Water Pollution Involve Public in Reducing Storm Water Pollution Storm Drain Stenciling Storm Drain Stenciling Stream Monitoring and Cleanup Stream Monitoring and Cleanup Adopt-A-Stream Adopt-A-Stream Wetland Plantings Wetland Plantings Watershed Organization Watershed Organization Stakeholder Meetings Stakeholder Meetings Community Hotlines Community Hotlines

19 3 rd MCM Illicit Discharge Detection & Elimination Requirements: Establish Program to Detect and Eliminate Illicit Discharges “Illicit” is Unpermitted, Non-Storm Water to MS4 Describe How Illicit Discharges will be Eliminated Regulatory Mechanism to Prohibit and Eliminate Illicit Discharges

20 3 rd MCM Allowable Non-Storm Water Discharges Water Line Flushing Groundwater A/C Condensation Individual Residential Car Washing Street Wash Water Dechlorinated Swimming Pools Fire Fighting Water Non-Storm Waters Listed in MSGP and CGP

21 3 rd MCM – Requirements (continued) List Sources that are Not Illicit Based on Nature of Source Based on Controls Required by MS4 Operator MS4 Operator or TCEQ Can Identify a Non- Storm Water Flow as Significantly Contributing Pollutants to MS4

22 3 rd MCM - continued Develop Storm Sewer Map All Outfalls Names and locations of all waters of the U.S. that receive discharges from the outfalls Additional Information Needed to Implement SWMP List Information Used to Develop Map

23 3 rd MCM – Guidance Examples of Illicit Discharges to Address: Failing Septic Systems Industrial/Business Wastewater Connections to Storm Drains Sanitary Sewer Overflows (SSO) Illegal Dumping Illicit (Illegal/Improper) Connections to Storm System Identify and Prohibit

24 3 rd MCM – Additional Resources Center for Watershed Protection, “Illicit Discharge Detection and Elimination: A Guidance Manual for Program Development and Technical Assessments” EPA Fact Sheet

25 4 th MCM Construction Site Storm Water Runoff Control Requirements: Develop, Implement, and Enforce Program to Reduce Pollutants in Storm Water from Regulated Construction Activities (≥1 acre) Regulatory Mechanism (e.g., Ordinance) to require Erosion and Sediment controls Establish Sanctions Develop Procedures for Site Plan Review by MS4 Consideration of Public Input Perform Site Inspection and Enforcement of Controls

26 4 th MCM – Guidance Possible Program Requirements: Compliance with TPDES CGP, TXR Establishment of Best Management Practices (BMPs): Runoff Control: Land Grading, Preservation of Natural Vegetation, Compost Filter Berms, Riprap Erosion Control: Mulching, Chemical Stabilization, Sodding, Seeding, Geotextiles, Vegetated Buffer, Dust Control, Sequencing Sediment Control: Perimeter Control (e.g. Silt Fence), Sediment Trapping (e.g. Basins, Filters), Storm Drain Inlet Protection Good Housekeeping: Waste Management, Vehicle Maintenance, Education and Awareness

27 5 th MCM Post Construction Site Storm Water Management for New Development and Redevelopment Requirements: Develop, Implement, and Enforce Program to Address Storm Water from New Development and Redevelopment Projects ≥1 acre Ensure Controls to Prevent or Minimize Water Quality Impacts

28 5 th MCM – Requirements (continued) Structural and Non-Structural Controls Regulatory Mechanism to Address Post- Construction Runoff from New Development and Redevelopment Projects Ensure Adequate Long-Term Operation and Maintenance of BMPs

29 5 th MCM - Guidance Choose BMPs Appropriate for Community Choose BMPs Appropriate for Community Attempt to Maintain Pre-Development Runoff Conditions Attempt to Maintain Pre-Development Runoff Conditions Involve Stakeholders Involve Stakeholders Assess Existing Ordinances Assess Existing Ordinances Ensure Proper Implementation of BMPs Ensure Proper Implementation of BMPs Non-Structural – Management and Source Controls (e.g., Buffer Zones), Education for Developers and Public Non-Structural – Management and Source Controls (e.g., Buffer Zones), Education for Developers and Public Structural BMPs – Storage Practices, Filtration, Infiltration Structural BMPs – Storage Practices, Filtration, Infiltration

30 6 th MCM Pollution Prevention / Good Housekeeping for Municipal Operations Requirements: Establish an Operation and Maintenance Program to Prevent or Reduce Pollutant Runoff from Municipal Operations Must Include Employee Training Establish Good Housekeeping and BMPs Address Waste Disposal List Municipal Operations Separate List for Operations Subject to TPDES Permitting (e.g., Landfills, Power Plants, WWTPs)

31 6 th MCM Examples of Municipal Operations Parks and Open Spaces Streets, Roads, and Highways Municipal Fleets and Buildings Storm Water System New Construction and Land Disturbances Municipal Parking Lots Vehicle and Equipment Yards Waste Transfer Stations Salt/Sand Storage Golf Courses

32 6 th MCM – Guidance Evaluate Maintenance Practices, Schedules, and Long-Term Inspection Procedures Establish/Maintain Controls to Reduce Pollutants from Streets, Parking Lots, etc. Evaluate Waste Disposal Procedures Assess Water Quality Impacts for New Flood Control Devices

33 6 th MCM – Examples of Areas to Address Source Controls Source Controls Pet Waste Collection Pet Waste Collection Automobile Maintenance and Washing Automobile Maintenance and Washing Landscaping and Lawn Care Landscaping and Lawn Care Pest Control Pest Control Storm Drain Cleaning Storm Drain Cleaning Materials Management Materials Management Hazardous Materials Storage Hazardous Materials Storage Road Salt Application and Storage Road Salt Application and Storage Spill Prevention and Response Spill Prevention and Response Used Oil Recycling Used Oil Recycling

34 7 th MCM (Optional) Authorization for Municipal Construction Activities Under TXR Indicate on MS4 NOI Authorization for Municipal Construction Activities Under TXR Rather Than TXR Authorization Only for MS4 Operator Authorization Only for Regulated Area (UA) Special Site Notice

35 7 th MCM - Resources TPDES Construction General Permit (CGP) Requirements Included in Phase II MS4 Permit TCEQ Storm Water Permitting Web Site CGP Guidance Developed by TCEQ’s Small Business & Local Government Assistance Draft Q&A Document SWP3 Worksheets and Instructions

36 SWMP Implementation Share Program Elements with Other Regulated MS4 Phase I Existing Programs Phase II Developing Programs Each MS4 Responsible for Own Compliance Contract out a Portion of SWMP Fully Implement 5 Years from Permit Issuance Develop a Schedule

37 Additional Guidance and Resources TCEQ Small Business & Local Government Assistance - Links to EPA Outreach and Guidance Non-Point Source Education Information Storm Water Manager’s Resource Center Links to City Contacts Link to TCEQ Permitting Information

38 Additional Guidance and Resources Menu of BMPs TCEQ Adopted EPA’s National Menu of BMPs Storm Water Case Studies Grouped by MCM Menu Includes Lists of BMPs for Each MCM

39 Deadlines to Apply (Proposed) Small MS4s within UAs: Within 180 Days of Permit Issuance Designated MS4s: Within 180 Days of Written Notification

40 Application Procedure Submit NOI and SWMP Submit NOI and SWMP Storm Water Staff Perform Review Storm Water Staff Perform Review Notice of Deficiency for Incomplete Programs Notice of Deficiency for Incomplete Programs Public Notice Once Administratively Complete Public Notice Once Administratively Complete Public Comment Period Public Comment Period Executive Director Will Consider Public Comments Executive Director Will Consider Public Comments Allows Public to Request Public Meeting Allows Public to Request Public Meeting If Significant Interest, Commission May Require Public Meeting If Significant Interest, Commission May Require Public Meeting Executive Director Will Approve or Deny Application Executive Director Will Approve or Deny Application

41 Status of TPDES General Permit TXR040000

42 Proposed Changes Clarify SWMP approval process MS4 operator will not be required to implement SWMP until receiving written approval from the TCEQ TCEQ may require changes to the SWMP as part of the approval process TCEQ approval of the SWMP is a determination that SWMP meets the MEP standard Include additional non-storm water discharges TPDES Multi Sector General Permit (MSGP) for industrial activities TPDES Construction General Permit (CGP)

43 Proposed Changes (cont.) Add “force majeure” provision Permittee has the right to assert a force majeure (act of God, war, strike, riot, or other catastrophe) defense under 30 TAC § 70.7, when an event occurs that is otherwise a violation of a permit. Add provision allowing changes to BMPs Clarify SWMP responsibility for MS4 operators without authority to develop ordinances or implement enforcement actions i.e. counties, transportation authorities, and special districts Revise permit year and annual report due date

44 Noteworthy Items Endangered species Water quality protection Definition of “outfall” Reference to “surface water in the state” versus “waters of the U.S.” Outfall mapping requirement in illicit discharge detection and elimination MCM Designation criteria by which TCEQ could regulate additional MS4s

45 Noteworthy Items (cont.) Requiring third party compliance Non-traditional MS4s with varying enforcement e.g., counties, TxDOT, MUDs, irrigation districts, universities Clarification of “very discrete systems,” which would not be regulated under permit e.g. office buildings and ISDs TCEQ Review Period for SWMP Public Participation requirements public notice of NOI possible public meeting

46 Proposed Requirements Beyond Federal Regulations TCEQ determined certain additional requirements necessary to show compliance with the SWMP Includes the following proposed requirements: List groups considered for Public Education/Outreach, and document those not considered. List source(s) of information used to develop outfall map List construction site notices and NOIs Pollution Prevention/Good Housekeeping for Municipal Operations - maintain structural controls, dispose of waste associated with the maintenance of controls, and listing all municipal operations subject to permitting.

47 TCEQ Web Links Storm Water Home Page: Small Business and Local Government Assistance:   Link to “Assistance Tools for Storm Water Permitting”

48 For Additional Information Patricia Foran, Environmental Permit Specialist (512) Cindy Hooper, Environmental Permit Specialist (512) David Waterstreet, Team Leader, Storm Water & Pretreatment Team (512)


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