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Chapter 13: The Presidency Section 1. Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 2 Chapter 13, Section 1 Objectives 1.Describe the President’s many roles.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 13: The Presidency Section 1. Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 2 Chapter 13, Section 1 Objectives 1.Describe the President’s many roles."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 13: The Presidency Section 1

2 Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 2 Chapter 13, Section 1 Objectives 1.Describe the President’s many roles. 2.Understand the formal qualifications necessary to become President. 3.Explain how the President’s term of office has changed over time. 4.Describe the President’s pay and benefits.

3 Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 3 Chapter 13, Section 1 Key Terms chief of state: the ceremonial head of government chief executive: the leader of the executive branch and holder of executive power under the Constitution chief administrator: the director of the executive branch chief diplomat: the main architect of the nation’s foreign policy and its chief spokesperson to the world

4 Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 4 Chapter 13, Section 1 Key Terms, cont. commander in chief: the leader of the nation’s armed forces chief legislator: the main author of the nation’s public policies chief of party: the leader of the political party controlling the executive branch chief citizen: the representative of all the people and the champion of public interest

5 Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 5 Chapter 13, Section 1 Roles of the President Chief of State –Ceremonial head of the U.S. government –Symbol of the American people Chief executive –In domestic and foreign affairs Chief administrator –Directs more than 2.7 million civilian employees of the executive branch

6 Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 6 Chapter 13, Section 1 Roles of the President Chief diplomat –The main architect of American foreign policy –Chief spokesman to the rest of the world

7 Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 7 Chapter 13, Section 1 Roles of the President Commander in chief –Commander of the 1.4 million men and women of the nation’s armed forces

8 Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 8 Chapter 13, Section 1 Roles of the President Chief legislator –Proposes laws that set the congressional legislative agenda –The unofficial head of the political party that controls the executive branch The unofficial chief citizen –Expected to champion the public interest –Expected to be the representative of all the people

9 Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 9 Chapter 13, Section 1 Formal Qualifications Three requirements a potential President must meet to be eligible for office –Natural born citizen of the United States –At least 35 years of age –Must have been a U.S. resident for at least 14 years

10 Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 10 Chapter 13, Section 1 Terms in Office The Constitution sets no term limits for the presidency George Washington set the custom of serving two terms Franklin Roosevelt broke this custom by being elected to four terms from 1932 to 1944

11 Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 11 Chapter 13, Section 1 Terms in Office, cont. The 22 nd Amendment –Proposed by Congress in 1947 –Ratified by the states in 1951 –Limits Presidents to no more than two full elected terms in office –If a President succeeds to the office after the middle of a term, he or she can still seek two full terms. –No President can serve more than 10 years in office

12 Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 12 Chapter 13, Section 1 Pay and Benefits Congress decides the President’s annual salary –It cannot be changed while a President is in office –Current salary is $400,000 a year, plus $50,000 a year for expenses –The Constitution forbids the President from receiving any other pay from the government or the States while in office

13 Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 13 Chapter 13, Section 1 The President also receives many benefits –The White House –Air Force One –Camp David –A fleet of cars, a large staff, a suite of offices, excellent healthcare, and many other fringe benefits Pay and Benefits, cont.

14 Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 14 Chapter 13, Section 1 Presidential Succession and the Vice President (Section 2)

15 Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 15 Chapter 13, Section 1 Objectives 1.Explain how the Constitution provides for presidential succession. 2.Understand the constitutional provisions relating to presidential disability. 3.Describe the role of the Vice President.

16 Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 16 Chapter 13, Section 1 Key Terms presidential succession: the scheme by which a presidential vacancy is filled Presidential Succession Act of 1947: the current law fixing the order of succession to the presidency after the Vice President balance the ticket: the practice of choosing a vice presidential running mate who can strengthen the presidential candidate’s chance of being elected

17 Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 17 Chapter 13, Section 1 Introduction What if the President is unable to perform the duties of the office? –If a President dies, resigns, or is removed by impeachment, the Vice President succeeds to the presidency –If the President is temporarily incapacitated, the Vice President becomes Acting President until the President can resume office

18 Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 18 Chapter 13, Section 1 Presidential Succession The Vice President succeeded the President nine times in U.S. history, beginning with John Tyler replacing William Harrison in 1841 At first, the Vice President didn’t actually become President –Technically assumed only the powers and duties of the presidency

19 Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 19 Chapter 13, Section 1 Presidential Succession, cont. 25 th Amendment –Adopted in 1967 –Vice President now formally assumes the office of President

20 Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 20 Chapter 13, Section 1 Order of Succession The Presidential Succession Act of 1947 –Sets the order of succession after the Vice President The presiding officers of Congress, then Heads of the cabinet departments –In the order they were created

21 Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 21 Chapter 13, Section 1 Presidential Disability For many years, there were no provisions for deciding if a President was too disabled to continue in office –Woodrow Wilson suffered a stroke in 1919 and was too ill to meet with his cabinet for seven months –President Eisenhower had three serious but temporary illnesses while in office –In 1981, President Reagan was badly wounded in an assassination attempt

22 Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 22 Chapter 13, Section 1 Presidential Disability, cont. 25 th Amendment –Vice President becomes Acting President if The President informs Congress, in writing –Cannot carry out the powers and duties of the office, OR The Vice President and a majority of the members of the Cabinet inform Congress, in writing –The President is incapacitated

23 Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 23 Chapter 13, Section 1 The Vice Presidency Two formal duties by the Constitution –Preside over the Senate –Help decide if the President is disabled (under the 25 th Amendment) Otherwise, the Vice President must be ready to assume the duties of the presidency if necessary

24 Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 24 Chapter 13, Section 1 The Vice Presidency, cont. Balancing the Ticket Historically, the office of Vice President has had low status Vice presidential candidate is often chosen because he or she can balance the ticket –Help the president get elected Ideology, geographic background, race, ethnicity, or gender

25 Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 25 Chapter 13, Section 1 Recent Vice Presidents have had more political experience and influence Dick Cheney is widely viewed as the most influential vice president in history Joe Biden, right, brought years of foreign policy experience to his office The Vice Presidency Today

26 Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 26 Chapter 13, Section 1 Vice Presidential Vacancy The vice presidency has been left vacant nine times by succession, seven times by death, and twice by resignation 25 th Amendment –The President can fill a vice presidential vacancy –Nominate a Vice President –Must be confirmed by both houses of Congress In 1973, Gerald Ford became the first Vice President appointed in this fashion


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