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Knapps Staircase Model Stages of Relational Development.

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Presentation on theme: "Knapps Staircase Model Stages of Relational Development."— Presentation transcript:

1 Knapps Staircase Model Stages of Relational Development

2 Knapps Staircase Model Coming Together Initiating –Uncertainty reduction through ____________ Superficial & reciprocated immediately –Partners stress & explore commonalities – Experimenting –Establish ______________through info exchange; reciprocity still immediate –Increase ____________ of involvement Intensifying –Shared conception of relationship; Begin to reference ________________ –Informal forms of address used frequently; Linguistic markers of intimacy –Relational symbols explored Integrating –Couple views R. as single social unit (rather than 2 indivs) & as unique –Relationship symbols firmly established – Bonding –Relationship as –Often confirmed through

3 Knapps Staircase Model Coming Apart Differentiating –1 st stage of breaking up –R. goes from _________ to _________ –Fewer activities done together, time alone enjoyed more Circumscribing –Both parties try to limit amount of ___________w/ each other –May say things like, Dont talk to me about that, or Its none of your business. This serves as another way to keep space b/w each other. Stagnating –Time when things become stuck, parties feel in a rut; Way of being motionless –Partners interact in an everyday conversation that becomes repetitive Avoiding –Couple becomes less and less involved –They try to prevent ways to talk; Its a way to keep distance at a controllable rate –Only connection w/ each other occurs _______________________ Terminating –End it all completely –Can be divorce, mutual agreement, death, or just ending it


5 Maintaining Relationships Used to sustain relationship at desirable level Constant growth & change 1. –w/o conscious attempt –by-product 2. –specific purpose of preserving or improving

6 Maintenance Strategies Positivity - Shared tasks –Shared activities Conflict management –Cooperation, apologizing, forgiving Openness –Self disclosure freedom Advice-giving - Social networks - Assurances –ceremonies

7 Relational Repair Behaviors partners use to ___________relationship

8 Repair Strategies strategies –Cheerful / favors / deferring / affection / refrain from criticism –Talk about problems / interim progress reports / time outs –Ritual / special occasions –Time talking –Symbolic contact –Openness & honest –Day to day talk –Feelings

9 Dindia & Baxter 1999 More strategies to ___________ than ___________ No relationship between strategies & _____________ Longer relationship used _____________strategies

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