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Version 1.0, 30 November 2004 Slide: 1 METEOSAT SECOND GENERATION (MSG) FIRE DETECTION Author:Jochen Kerkmann Contributors:P. Menzel.

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Presentation on theme: "Version 1.0, 30 November 2004 Slide: 1 METEOSAT SECOND GENERATION (MSG) FIRE DETECTION Author:Jochen Kerkmann Contributors:P. Menzel."— Presentation transcript:

1 Version 1.0, 30 November 2004 Slide: 1 METEOSAT SECOND GENERATION (MSG) FIRE DETECTION Author:Jochen Kerkmann Contributors:P. Menzel (NOAA)

2 Version 1.0, 30 November 2004 Slide: 2 GOES-8 imagery on 9 May 1998 at 15:45 UTC. Channel 3 (3.9  m) useful for fire detection Fire detection using ch. 3.9 and 11  m Visible imagery showing smoke Fires/Smoke

3 Version 1.0, 30 November 2004 Slide: 3 Fires over Angola 25 June 2003

4 Version 1.0, 30 November 2004 Slide: 4 Fires (Hot Spots) MSG imagery on 25 June 2003 at 10:00 UTC. Channel 04 (3.9  m) useful for fire detection. Difference ch. 3.9 and 10.8  m [K] Channel 01 (0.6  m) for comparison Angola Kongo

5 Version 1.0, 30 November 2004 Slide: 5 MSG imagery on 25 June 2003 at 10:00 UTC. Channel 04 (3.9  m) useful for fire detection. Channel 04 (3.9  m) Channel 09 (10.8  m) Angola Kongo Fires (Hot Spots)

6 Version 1.0, 30 November 2004 Slide: 6 Fires over Angola 7 July 2003

7 Version 1.0, 30 November 2004 Slide: 7 MSG imagery on 7 July 2003 at 11:00 UTC. Channel 04 (3.9  m) useful for fire detection. Angola Kongo Difference ch. 3.9 and 10.8  m [K] Fires (Hot Spots)

8 Version 1.0, 30 November 2004 Slide: 8 MSG imagery on 7 July 2003 at 11:00 UTC. Channel 04 (3.9  m) useful for fire detection. Angola Kongo Difference ch. 3.9 and 10.8  m [K] Channel 12 (HRV) for comparison Fires (Hot Spots)

9 Version 1.0, 30 November 2004 Slide: 9 MSG imagery on 7 July 2003 at 12:00 UTC. Channel 04 (3.9  m) useful for fire detection. Channel 04 (3.9  m) Channel 09 (10.8  m) Angola Kongo Fires (Hot Spots)

10 Version 1.0, 30 November 2004 Slide: 10 Fires over Nigeria ? 5 June 2003

11 Version 1.0, 30 November 2004 Slide: 11 Channel 04 (3.9  m) Difference ch. 3.9 and 10.8  m [K] Nigeria MSG imagery on 5 June 2003 at 10:00 UTC. Fires over Northern Nigeria ??? Fires (Hot Spots) ???

12 Version 1.0, 30 November 2004 Slide: 12 Sunglint MSG-1 5 June :00 UTC Channel 04 (IR3.9) Sunglint in Channel 04 over the local rivers and lakes Click on the icon to see the animation (09:00-11:30 UTC, AVI, 3376 KB) !

13 Version 1.0, 30 November 2004 Slide: 13 Fires over Chad ? 14 July 2003

14 Version 1.0, 30 November 2004 Slide: 14 Channel 04 (3.9  m) Channel 01 (0.6  m) CHAD MSG imagery on 14 July 2003 at 08:15 UTC. Fires over Central Chad ??? Fires (Hot Spots) ???

15 Version 1.0, 30 November 2004 Slide: 15 MSG-1, 14 July 2003, Channel 04 (IR3.9), 7:30 UTC Sunglint in Channel 04 over the local rivers and lakes Sunglint Click on the icon to see the animation (07:30-08:45 UTC, AVI, 1237 KB) !

16 Version 1.0, 30 November 2004 Slide: 16 Fires over Guinea/Mali ? 24 February 2003

17 Version 1.0, 30 November 2004 Slide: 17 Guinea Mali Channel 04 (3.9  m) Channel 01 (0.6  m) MSG imagery on 24 February 2003 at 11:00 UTC. Fires over Guinea and Mali ??? Fires (Hot Spots) ???

18 Version 1.0, 30 November 2004 Slide: 18 Fires (Hot Spots) Fires over Guinea and Mali MSG-1 24 February :00 UTC Channel 04 (IR3.9) Click on the icon to see the animation (11:00-12:45 UTC, AVI, 2712 KB) !

19 Version 1.0, 30 November 2004 Slide: 19 Fires over Kenya/Somalia/Kongo 24 February 2003

20 Version 1.0, 30 November 2004 Slide: 20 Fires Fires over Kenya, Somalia and Kongo MSG-1 24 February :45 UTC Channel 04 (IR3.9)

21 Version 1.0, 30 November 2004 Slide: 21 Fires over France 17 July 2003

22 Version 1.0, 30 November 2004 Slide: 22 Fires Fires over France (biggest forest fire in the Var department since 1990) MSG-1, Channel 04 (IR3.9), 17 July 2003, 14:45 UTC

23 Version 1.0, 30 November 2004 Slide: 23 Fires over Angola/Kongo 16 July 2003

24 Version 1.0, 30 November 2004 Slide: 24 Fires (Hot Spots) Diurnal cycle of fires over Kongo and Angola MSG-1, Channel 04 (IR3.9), 16 July 2003, 09:00 UTC Click on the icon to see the animation (hourly images) (09:00-15:00 UTC, AVI, 1689 KB) !

25 Version 1.0, 30 November 2004 Slide: 25 Fires/Smoke over Portugal/Spain 3 August 2003

26 Version 1.0, 30 November 2004 Slide: 26 Fires/Smoke Fires over Portugal and Spain (biggest fires of last 20 years) MSG-1, 3 August 2003, 12:00 UTC Channel 04 (3.9  m) Channel 07 (8.7  m)

27 Version 1.0, 30 November 2004 Slide: 27 Fires/Smoke Fires over Portugal and Spain MSG-1, 3 August 2003, 12:00 UTC Channel 09 (10.8  m) Channel 03 (1.6  m)

28 Version 1.0, 30 November 2004 Slide: 28 Fires over Portugal and Spain MSG-1, 3 August 2003, 12:00 UTC Channel 01 (0.6  m) Channel 12 (HRV) Click on the icon to see the animation (10:00-17:45 UTC, AVI, KB) !

29 Version 1.0, 30 November 2004 Slide: 29 Fires over Portugal and Spain MSG-1, 3 August 2003, 12:00 UTC Channel 03 (1.6  m) Channel 04 (3.9  m) Click on the icon to see the animation (12:00-15:00 UTC, AVI, 2837 KB) !

30 Version 1.0, 30 November 2004 Slide: 30 MSG-1 3 August :00 UTC Difference Image NIR1.6 - VIS0.6 Smoke

31 Version 1.0, 30 November 2004 Slide: 31 Burned Area Fires over Portugal and Spain MSG-1, 3 August 2003, 12:00 UTC Channel 02 (0.8  m) Channel 12 (HRV)

32 Version 1.0, 30 November 2004 Slide: 32 MSG-1 3 August :00 UTC RGB Composite R = NIR1.6 G = VIS0.8 B = VIS0.6 Fires/Smoke

33 Version 1.0, 30 November 2004 Slide: 33 SUMMARY

34 Version 1.0, 30 November 2004 Slide: 34 Fires Fires (hot spots) can be detected in the following MSG SEVIRI channels (in order of importance): 1.IR3.9 but also in: 2.IR8.7 3.IR9.7, IR10.8, IR12.0 and sometimes NIR1.6 !!!

35 Version 1.0, 30 November 2004 Slide: 35 Smoke Smoke from fires can principally be detected in all VIS and IR window channels, but the best channels are (in order of importance): 1.HRVIS 2.VIS0.6 and NIR1.6 3.IR3.9 The VIS0.8 channel is not useful for smoke detection !

36 Version 1.0, 30 November 2004 Slide: 36 Burned Area The (black) burned area can be best detected in the following MSG SEVIRI channels (in order of importance): 1.VIS0.8 2.HRVIS 3.VIS0.6 and NIR1.6


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