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Listening, Note Taking, and Memory Taking in, Recording, and Retaining Information Chapter 6.

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Presentation on theme: "Listening, Note Taking, and Memory Taking in, Recording, and Retaining Information Chapter 6."— Presentation transcript:

1 Listening, Note Taking, and Memory Taking in, Recording, and Retaining Information Chapter 6

2 Carter, Bishop, and Kravits Copyright  2003 by Pearson Education, Inc. Keys to Success in College, Career, and Life All rights reserved. How to Achieve Your Goals, Fourth Edition How can you become a better listener? Know the stages of listening – Sensation – Interpretation – Evaluation – Reaction Page 193

3 Carter, Bishop, and Kravits Copyright  2003 by Pearson Education, Inc. Keys to Success in College, Career, and Life All rights reserved. How to Achieve Your Goals, Fourth Edition How can you become a better listener? Manage listening challenges – Divided attention and distractions – Shutting out the message – The rush to judgment – Partial hearing loss and learning disabilities Become an active listener – Set purposes for listening – Pay attention to verbal signposts – Ask questions Page 193

4 Carter, Bishop, and Kravits Copyright  2003 by Pearson Education, Inc. Keys to Success in College, Career, and Life All rights reserved. How to Achieve Your Goals, Fourth Edition How can you make the most of note taking? Recording information in class – Preparing to take class notes Preview your reading material Gather your supplies Location, location, location Choose a note-taking system Gather support – What to do during class Page 197

5 Carter, Bishop, and Kravits Copyright  2003 by Pearson Education, Inc. Keys to Success in College, Career, and Life All rights reserved. How to Achieve Your Goals, Fourth Edition How can you make the most of note taking? Reviewing and revising your notes – Plan a review schedule Review within a day of the lecture Review regularly Review with an eye toward tests – Read and rework using critical thinking – Revise using other sources – Summarize – Work with study groups Page 197

6 Carter, Bishop, and Kravits Copyright  2003 by Pearson Education, Inc. Keys to Success in College, Career, and Life All rights reserved. How to Achieve Your Goals, Fourth Edition

7 Carter, Bishop, and Kravits Copyright  2003 by Pearson Education, Inc. Keys to Success in College, Career, and Life All rights reserved. How to Achieve Your Goals, Fourth Edition

8 Carter, Bishop, and Kravits Copyright  2003 by Pearson Education, Inc. Keys to Success in College, Career, and Life All rights reserved. How to Achieve Your Goals, Fourth Edition

9 Carter, Bishop, and Kravits Copyright  2003 by Pearson Education, Inc. Keys to Success in College, Career, and Life All rights reserved. How to Achieve Your Goals, Fourth Edition How can you write faster when taking notes? Personal Shorthand – Use standard abbreviations in place of complete words – Shorten words by removing vowels from the middle of words – Substitute word beginnings for entire words – Form plurals by adding s – Make up your own symbols and use them consistently – Use key phrases instead of complete sentences Page 209

10 Carter, Bishop, and Kravits Copyright  2003 by Pearson Education, Inc. Keys to Success in College, Career, and Life All rights reserved. How to Achieve Your Goals, Fourth Edition How does memory work? Encoding stage – Information is changed into usable form Storage stage – Information is held in memory for later use Retrieval stage – Memories are recovered from storage by recall Page 211

11 Carter, Bishop, and Kravits Copyright  2003 by Pearson Education, Inc. Keys to Success in College, Career, and Life All rights reserved. How to Achieve Your Goals, Fourth Edition How can you improve your memory? Use specific strategies – Have purpose and intention – Understand what you memorize – Recite, rehearse, and write – Study during short but frequent sessions – Separate material into manageable sections – Use a tape recorder selectively Page 212

12 Carter, Bishop, and Kravits Copyright  2003 by Pearson Education, Inc. Keys to Success in College, Career, and Life All rights reserved. How to Achieve Your Goals, Fourth Edition How can you improve your memory? Use visual aids Use critical thinking Use mnemonic devices – Create visual images and associations – Use an idea chain to remember items in a list – Create acronyms Page 212

13 Carter, Bishop, and Kravits Copyright  2003 by Pearson Education, Inc. Keys to Success in College, Career, and Life All rights reserved. How to Achieve Your Goals, Fourth Edition Carter, Bishop, and Kravits Copyright  2003 by Pearson Education, Inc. Keys to Success in College, Career, and Life All rights reserved. How to Achieve Your Goals, Fourth Edition Presentation by Wing Lee and Benjamin Li


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