# Chapter 12 – Surface Area and Volume of Solids

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Chapter 12 – Surface Area and Volume of Solids
REVIEW Section 12.1– Space Figures and Nets

Section 12.1 Polyhedron – a 3-D figure whose surfaces are polygons. Face – individual polygon of the polyhedron. Edge – is a segment that is formed by the intersection of two faces. Vertex – is a point where three or more edges intersect. REVIEW

Section 12.1 Net – a 2-D pattern that you can fold to form a 3-D figure. Euler’s Formula – the number of faces (F), vertices (V), and edges (E) of a polyhedron are related by the formula: F + V = E + 2 REVIEW

CUBE: Net Drawing REVIEW

CUBE: 3-Dimensional Faces REVIEW Edge Vertex

CYLINDER: Net Drawing REVIEW

CYLINDER: 3-Dimensional
Faces REVIEW Edge

TRIANGULAR PRISM: Net Drawing
REVIEW

TRIANGULAR PRISM: 3-Dimensional
REVIEW Edge Faces Vertex

RECTANGULAR PRISM: Net Drawing
REVIEW

RECTANGULAR PRISM: 3-Dimensional
Faces REVIEW Edge Vertex

HEXAGONAL PRISM: Net Drawing
REVIEW

HEXAGONAL PRISM: 3-Dimensional
Faces REVIEW Edge Vertex

TRIANGULAR PYRAMID: Net Drawing
REVIEW

TRIANGULAR PYRAMID: 3-Dimensional
REVIEW Slant Height Altitude

SQUARE PYRAMID: Net Drawing
Slant Height REVIEW

SQUARE PYRAMID: 3-Dimensional
Slant Height REVIEW

HEXAGONAL PYRAMID: Net Drawing
REVIEW

HEXAGONAL PYRAMID: 3-Dimensional
Slant Height REVIEW Altitude

Chapter 12 – Surface Area and Volume of Solids
Section 12.2 – Surface Areas of Prisms and Cylinders

Section 12.2 Prism – is a polyhedron with exactly two congruent, parallel faces. Bases – two congruent, parallel faces of a prism. Lateral Faces – additional faces of a prism. Altitude – is a perpendicular segment that joins the planes of the bases.

Section 12.2 Height – the length of the altitude.
Right Prism – the lateral faces are rectangles and a lateral edge is the altitude of the prism. Oblique Prism – at least one lateral face is not a rectangle. Lateral Area – is the sum of the area of the lateral faces.

CUBE: 3-Dimensional BASE LATERAL FACE

RECTANGULAR PRISM: 3-Dimensional
BASE LATERAL FACE

TRIANGULAR PRISM: 3-Dimensional
LATERAL FACE BASE

HEXAGONAL PRISM: 3-Dimensional
BASE LATERAL FACE

OBLIQUE PRISM: 3-Dimensional
BASE LATERAL FACE ALTITUDE

Section 12.2 Surface Area – the sum of the lateral area and the two bases. Theorem 10-1 – the lateral area of a right prism is the product of the perimeter of the base and the height. L.A. = ph The surface area of a right prism is the sum of the lateral area and the area of the 2 bases. S.A. = L.A. + 2B

Section 12.2 Cylinder – is a three-dimensional figure with exactly two congruent, parallel faces. Bases – two congruent, parallel faces of a cylinder are circles. Altitude – is a perpendicular segment that joins the planes of the bases.

CYLINDER: 3-Dimensional
BASE

OBLIQUE CYLINDER: 3-Dimensional
BASE ALTITUDE

Section 12.2 Surface Area – the sum of the lateral area and the two circular bases. Theorem – the lateral area of a right prism is the product of the circumference of the base and the height of the cylinder. L.A. = 2πrh or L.A. = πdh The surface area of a right prism is the sum of the lateral area and the area of the 2 bases. S.A. = L.A. + 2B or S.A. = 2πrh + 2πr2

Chapter 12 – Surface Area and Volume of Solids
Section 12.3 – Surface Areas and Pyramids and Cones

Moving from Prisms/Cylinders to Pyramids/Cones

Section 12.3 Pyramid – is a polyhedron in which one face can be any polygon and the other faces are triangles that meet at a common vertex. Bases – the only face of a pyramid that is not a triangle. Lateral Faces – triangles of pyramid. Vertex of a pyramid – the point where all lateral faces of a pyramid meet.

Section 12.3 Altitude – is a perpendicular segment from the vertex to the plane of the base. Height – the length of the altitude (h). Regular Pyramid – a pyramid whose base is a regular polygon and whose lateral faces are congruent isosceles triangles. Slant Height – is the length of the altitude of a lateral face of a pyramid. Lateral Area – is the sum of the area of the congruent lateral faces.

TRIANGULAR PYRAMID: 3-Dimensional
Slant Height Altitude

SQUARE PYRAMID: 3-Dimensional
Slant Height

HEXAGONAL PYRAMID: 3-Dimensional
Slant Height Altitude

Section 12.3 Surface Area – the sum of the lateral area and the area of the base. Theorem – the lateral area of a regular pyramid is the half the product of the perimeter of the base and the slant height. L.A. = ½ pl The surface area of a regular pyramid is the sum of the lateral area and the area of the base. S.A. = L.A. + B

Section 12.3 Cone – is a “pointed” like a pyramid, but its base is a circle. Right Cone – the altitude is a perpendicular segment from the vertex to the center of the base. Bases – the only circle on a cone. Vertex of a cone – the only distinctive point on the object.

Section 12.3 Altitude – is a perpendicular segment from the vertex to the plane of the base. Height – the length of the altitude (h). Slant Height – is the distance from the vertex to a point on the edge of the base. Lateral Area – is ½ the perimeter (circumference) of the base times the slant height.

CONE: Net Drawing

CONE: 3-Dimensional

Section 12.3 Surface Area – the sum of the lateral area and the area of the base. Theorem – the lateral area of a right cone is the half the product of the circumference of the base and the slant height. L.A. = ½ 2rl or rl The surface area of a right cone is the sum of the lateral area and the area of the base. S.A. = L.A. + B

Chapter 12 – Surface Area and Volume
Section 12.6 – Surface Area and Volumes of Spheres

Section 12.6 Sphere Set of all points equidistant from a given point.

Section 12.6 Surface Area of a Sphere S = 4πr 2 C

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