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 2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 23 – ASP.NET Outline 23.1 Introduction 23.2.NET Overview 23.2.1.NET Framework 23.2.2 ASP (Active.

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Presentation on theme: " 2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 23 – ASP.NET Outline 23.1 Introduction 23.2.NET Overview 23.2.1.NET Framework 23.2.2 ASP (Active."— Presentation transcript:

1  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 23 – ASP.NET Outline 23.1 Introduction 23.2.NET Overview NET Framework ASP (Active Server Pages).NET 23.3 Setup 23.4 JScript.NET 23.5 A Simple ASP.NET Example 23.6 Web Forms 23.7 Session Tracking Cookies Session Tracking with HttpSessionState 23.8 ASP.NET and XML 23.9 Reading and Writing Text Files Connecting to a Database in ASP.NET Code-Behind Approach ASP.NET Web Services Web Resources

2  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Objectives In this lesson, you will learn: –To program ASP.NET pages using JScript.NET. –To understand how ASP.NET pages work. –To understand the differences between client-side scripting and server-side scripting. –To create Web services. –To use and manipulate XML files with ASP.NET. –To understand Web forms and code-behind files. –To be able to use session tracking in an ASP.NET application. –To use ActiveX Data Objects.NET (ADO.NET) to access a database.

3  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved Introduction ASP.NET –Server-side technology that dynamically builds documents in response to client requests –Can be used on a server to create Web applications –Supports over 25 programming languages –Object-oriented programming

4  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved NET Overview Independent from a specific programming language Promotes software reuse Include tools for porting, adapting existing software components Web services

5  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved NET Framework Manages and executes applications Framework Class Library (FCL) –Enforces security and supplies many other programming capabilities –Reusable components that programmers can incorporate into their applications Common Language Runtime (CLR) –Executes programs written in any.NET-compatible programming language.NET Compact Framework

6  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved ASP (Active Server Pages).NET Multi-tier, database-intensive applications Includes optimizations for performance, testing and security ASPX files XHTML documents –Static

7  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved Setup Microsoft.NET Framework.NET Framework System Development Kit (SDK) –Tools, examples, reference files and tutorials building.NET applications

8  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved Setup Fig. 23.1Adding ASP.NET security permissions to a folder (on the NTFS file system).

9  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved Setup Fig. 23.2Configuring a virtual directory as an application in IIS.

10  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved JScript.NET Truly object-oriented language Backward compatible with JScript Adheres to ECMA 262 Edition 4 standard Provides classes, packages, typed variables and access to.NET Framework

11  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved A Simple ASP.NET Example Scripting delimiters –Wrapped around Jscript.NET code –Compiled and executed on the server Page directive Specifies information needed by CLR to process file –Language attribute Specifies JScript.NET as scripting language –runat attribute with value “server” Indicates script should be processed on server

12  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Outline date.aspx (1 of 2)

13  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Outline date.aspx (2 of 2)

14  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Outline HTML generated by date.aspx (1 of 2)

15  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Outline HTML generated by date.aspx (2 of 2)

16  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved A Simple ASP.NET Example

17  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved Web Forms tag –Designate ASP.NET Web Form Web controls –HTML server controls Programmable HTML elements run on the server –Web server controls Form-like controls such as drop-down lists and text boxes –Validation controls (validators) Required field validator Range validator –User controls Created by programmer

18  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved Web Forms

19  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved Web Forms

20  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Outline name.aspx (1 of 3)

21  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Outline name.aspx (2 of 3)

22  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Outline name.aspx (3 of 3)

23  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Outline validation.aspx (1 of 4)

24  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Outline validation.aspx (2 of 4)

25  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Outline validation.aspx (3 of 4)

26  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Outline validation.aspx (4 of 4)

27  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved Web Forms Fig Validation error output.

28  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved Web Forms Fig Valid page without validation errors.

29  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Outline adRotator.aspx (1 of 4)

30  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Outline adRotator.aspx (2 of 4)

31  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Outline adRotator.aspx (3 of 4)

32  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Outline adRotator.aspx (4 of 4)

33  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Outline ads.xml (1 of 2)

34  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Outline ads.xml (2 of 2)

35  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved Web Forms Fig ASPX page with an AdRotator.

36  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved Session Tracking Personalization Protection of privacy Cookies.NET’s HttpSessionState object Use of input form elements of type “hidden” URL rewriting

37  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved Cookies Customize interactions with Web pages Stored by a Web site on an individual’s computer Reactivated each time the user revisits site

38  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Outline cookie.aspx (1 of 2)

39  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Outline cookie.aspx (2 of 2)

40  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved Cookies

41  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved Session Tracking with HttpSessionState

42  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Outline optionsPage.aspx (1 of 6)

43  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Outline optionsPage.aspx (2 of 6)

44  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Outline optionsPage.aspx (3 of 6)

45  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Outline optionsPage.aspx (4 of 6)

46  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Outline optionsPage.aspx (5 of 6)

47  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Outline optionsPage.aspx (6 of 6)

48  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

49 Outline recommendationsPage.aspx (1 of 3)

50  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Outline recommendationsPage.aspx (2 of 3)

51  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Outline recommendationsPage.aspx (3 of 3)

52  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved ASP.NET and XML ASP.NET provides classes and built-in functionality to manipulate XML files Guest book stores posts in XML and uses an XSL output posts

53  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Outline posts.xml (1 of 1)

54  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Outline guestbook.aspx (1 of 4)

55  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Outline guestbook.aspx (2 of 4)

56  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Outline guestbook.aspx (3 of 4)

57  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Outline guestbook.aspx (4 of 4)

58  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Outline formatting.xsl (1 of 3)

59  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Outline formatting.xsl (2 of 3)

60  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Outline formatting.xsl (3 of 3)

61  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

62

63 23.9 Reading and Writing Text Files System.IO namespace –Reading and writing to files and streams –FileInfo and Directory Methods and properties to retrieve information and perform basic operations on files and directories –FileStream, StreamReader and StreamWriter Read and write content to and from a file

64  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved Reading and Writing Text Files

65  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved Reading and Writing Text Files

66  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved Reading and Writing Text Files

67  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved Reading and Writing Text Files

68  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Outline mailinglist.aspx (1 of 8)

69  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Outline mailinglist.aspx (2 of 8)

70  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Outline mailinglist.aspx (3 of 8)

71  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Outline mailinglist.aspx (4 of 8)

72  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Outline mailinglist.aspx (5 of 8)

73  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Outline mailinglist.aspx (6 of 8)

74  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Outline mailinglist.aspx (7 of 8)

75  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Outline mailinglist.aspx (8 of 8)

76  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved Reading and Writing Text Files

77  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved Connecting to a Database in ASP.NET OleDbDataReader object –Reads data from a database OleDbConnection object –Represents connection to database OleDbCommand object –Two parameters queryString –Contains SQL to execute Database connection ExecuteReader DataSet –Set of data and includes the tables that contain and order it OleDbDataAdapter –Retrieve information from database and place resulting information in DataSet

78  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Outline authors.aspx (1 of 5)

79  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Outline authors.aspx (2 of 5)

80  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Outline authors.aspx (3 of 5)

81  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Outline authors.aspx (4 of 5)

82  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Outline authors.aspx (5 of 5)

83  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Outline imageHeader.ascx (1 of 1)

84  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Outline Web.config (1 of 1)

85  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved Code-Behind Approach Alternative method of adding scripts to make static content dynamic Not included in the.aspx file Must be compiled first

86  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Outline adRotator.aspx (1 of 3)

87  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Outline adRotator.aspx (2 of 3)

88  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Outline adRotator.aspx (3 of 3)

89  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Outline adRotator.aspx.js (1 of 2)

90  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Outline adRotator.aspx.js (2 of 2)

91  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved Code-Behind Approach Fig Using the command prompt to compile the code-behind.

92  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved Code-Behind Approach Fig Output of AdRotator.aspx using the code-behind method.

93  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved ASP.NET Web Services Enables distributed computing by allowing one machine to call methods on other machines Defining the Web Service –Remote machine Store Web service Web-service methods –Remote Procedure Call (RPC) –Business-to-business (B2B) transactions Viewing the Web Service –Service Description Web Service Description Language (WSDL)

94  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Outline number.asmx (1 of 2)

95  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Outline number.asmx (2 of 2)

96  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved ASP.NET Web Services Links to Web service methods Link to service description Fig ASMX file rendered in Internet Explorer.

97  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved ASP.NET Web Services Fig Service description for a Web service.

98  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved ASP.NET Web Services Fig Invoking a method of a Web service from a Web browser.

99  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved ASP.NET Web Services Fig Results of invoking a Web-service method from a Web browser.

100  2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved Web Resources msdn.microsoft.com/netframework


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