3Chapter Outline Origins of Engineering Engineering as a Profession Roles of EngineersManagement Levels and SkillsRoles and Functions of ManagersEngineering Management
4Learning Objectives Describe the origins of engineering practice Identify the functions of managementDefine “Engineering Management”Explain the need for engineers in management
5“Engineer”& “Ingenious” stem from Latin word “ingenium” Origin of Engineering“Engineer”& “Ingenious” stem from Latin word “ingenium”Talent, natural capacityClever invention
6Definition of “Profession” “a calling requiring specialized knowledge and often long and intensive preparation, including instruction in skills and methods as well as in the scientific, historical or scholarly principles underlying such skills and methods, maintaining by force of organization or concerted opinion high standards of achievement and conduct and committing its members to continued study and to a kind of work which has for its prime purpose the rendering of a public service.”--Webster’s 3rd International Dictionary
7Definition of “Engineering Profession” “the art of directing the great sources of power in nature, for the use and convenience of man.”--The first issue (1866) of the English journal Engineering“the profession in which a knowledge of the mathematical and natural sciences gained by study, experience, and practice is applied with judgment to develop ways to utilize, economically, the materials and forces of nature for the benefit of mankind.”--Engineers' Council for Professional Development
8What Engineers Do?Engineers apply the theories and principles of science and mathematics to the economical solution of practical technical problems.Engineers design machinery, products, systems, and processes for efficient and economical performance.--U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
18Functions of ManagersPlanningOrganizingStaffingLeadingControlling
19Engineering Management: A Synthesis Engineering Management is the art and science of planning, organizing, allocating resources, and directing and controlling activities which have a technological component. -ASEMEngineering management is a field that bridges the gap between engineering and management. Engineering management involves the overall management of organizations with an orientation to manufacturing, construction, engineering, technology or production. -- Wikipedia
20“Ordinary Managers” vs. “Engineering Managers” The engineering manager is distinguished from other managers because he/she possesses both an ability to apply engineering principles and a skill in organizing and directing people and projects.He/she is uniquely qualified for two types of jobs: the management of technical functions (such as design or production) in almost any enterprise, or the management of broader functions (such as marketing or top management) in a high-technology enterprise.
21Engineering Managers Nature of the Work Plan, coordinate, and direct research, design, and production activities.Supervise engineers, scientists, and technicians, along with support personnel.Apply knowledge of administrative procedures,Use communication skills extensively.--Bureau of Labor Statistics
22Need for Engineering Managers High-tech nature of businessExtensive planningUncertainties in products and processesRecruitment and evaluation of technical personnelLeadership and motivation of technical personnel
23Management and Engineering Career Engineering and sciences managers held about 228,000 jobs in 2006.Manufacturing industries employed 38% of engineering and sciences managers.Another 31% worked in services industries.Other large employers include Federal, State, and local government agencies.Employment of engineering and sciences managers is expected to grow 8 percent over the decade, about as fast as the average for all occupations.--Bureau of Labor Statistics
26Discussion QuestionsWhat is your background? (Major, Level of study, country of origin, job title…)Why do you take this course?What is your expectation from this class?Could you find out the trend in engineering enrollment (at college level) in U.S.?Could you find out the trend in business enrollment (at college level) in U.S.?