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Chapter 1 Engineering and Management

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1 Chapter 1 Engineering and Management

2 Advanced Organizer Managing Engineering and Technology
Management Functions Managing Technology Personal Technology Decision Making Planning Organizing Leading Controlling Research Design Production Quality Marketing Project Management Time Management Ethics Career

3 Chapter Outline Origins of Engineering Engineering as a Profession
Roles of Engineers Management Levels and Skills Roles and Functions of Managers Engineering Management

4 Learning Objectives Describe the origins of engineering practice
Identify the functions of management Define “Engineering Management” Explain the need for engineers in management

5 “Engineer”& “Ingenious” stem from Latin word “ingenium”
Origin of Engineering “Engineer”& “Ingenious” stem from Latin word “ingenium” Talent, natural capacity Clever invention

6 Definition of “Profession”
“a calling requiring specialized knowledge and often long and intensive preparation, including instruction in skills and methods as well as in the scientific, historical or scholarly principles underlying such skills and methods, maintaining by force of organization or concerted opinion high standards of achievement and conduct and committing its members to continued study and to a kind of work which has for its prime purpose the rendering of a public service.” --Webster’s 3rd International Dictionary

7 Definition of “Engineering Profession”
“the art of directing the great sources of power in nature, for the use and convenience of man.” --The first issue (1866) of the English journal Engineering “the profession in which a knowledge of the mathematical and natural sciences gained by study, experience, and practice is applied with judgment to develop ways to utilize, economically, the materials and forces of nature for the benefit of mankind.” --Engineers' Council for Professional Development

8 What Engineers Do? Engineers apply the theories and principles of science and mathematics to the economical solution of practical technical problems. Engineers design machinery, products, systems, and processes for efficient and economical performance. --U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

9 Types of Engineers Civil Engineers Agricultural Engineers
Mechanical Engineers Electrical Engineers Industrial Engineers Chemical Engineers Aerospace Engineers Computer Engineers Software Engineers Biomedical Engineers

10 Engineers of Future Teamwork Flexibility Interpersonal skills

11 Engineering Employment
2006 2002 2000 Total (U.S.) 1,500,000 1,478,000 1,572,000 Civil 256,000 228,000 211,000 Mechanical 227,000 215,000 259,000 Industrial 201,000 194,000 210,000 Electrical 153,000 292,000 450,000 Electronics 138,000 Aerospace 90,000 78,000 80,000 Computer 79,000 74,000 Environmental 54,000 47,000 Chemical 30,000 33,000 67,000

12 Engineering Employment
2006 2002 2000 Health & Safety 25,000 24,000 Materials 22,000 Petroleum 17,000 14,000 Nuclear 15,000 16,000 Biomedical 7,600 Marine / Naval arch. 9,200 4,900 Mining and geological 7,100 5,200 Agricultural 3,100 2,900 All others 170,000 243,000

13 Engineering Jobs Manufacturing Industries (~37%)
Product Research, Design Production, Quality Plant, General Service Industries (~28%) Marketing, Purchasing, Recruiting Logistics Government (~12%)

14 Management Manage: “to handle”
Management: “the process for managing, training, or directing”

15 Management Levels First-line managers Middle managers Top managers
Foreman, supervisor, section chief Middle managers Plant manger, division head, chief engineer, operations manager Top managers Chair of board, president, executive vice president, CEO, CFO

16 Managerial Skills Technical skills Interpersonal skills
Conceptual skills First-line Middle Top Technical Skills Interpersonal Skills Conceptual Skills

17 Managerial Roles Interpersonal Informational Decisional
Figurehead, leader, liaison Informational Monitor, disseminator, spokesperson Decisional Entrepreneurial, Disturbance handler, Resource allocator, Negotiator

18 Functions of Managers Planning Organizing Staffing Leading Controlling

19 Engineering Management: A Synthesis
Engineering Management is the art and science of planning, organizing, allocating resources, and directing and controlling activities which have a technological component. -ASEM Engineering management is a field that bridges the gap between engineering and management. Engineering management involves the overall management of organizations with an orientation to manufacturing, construction, engineering, technology or production. -- Wikipedia

20 “Ordinary Managers” vs. “Engineering Managers”
The engineering manager is distinguished from other managers because he/she possesses both an ability to apply engineering principles and a skill in organizing and directing people and projects. He/she is uniquely qualified for two types of jobs: the management of technical functions (such as design or production) in almost any enterprise, or the management of broader functions (such as marketing or top management) in a high-technology enterprise.

21 Engineering Managers Nature of the Work
Plan, coordinate, and direct research, design, and production activities. Supervise engineers, scientists, and technicians, along with support personnel. Apply knowledge of administrative procedures, Use communication skills extensively. --Bureau of Labor Statistics

22 Need for Engineering Managers
High-tech nature of business Extensive planning Uncertainties in products and processes Recruitment and evaluation of technical personnel Leadership and motivation of technical personnel

23 Management and Engineering Career
Engineering and sciences managers held about 228,000 jobs in 2006. Manufacturing industries employed 38% of engineering and sciences managers. Another 31% worked in services industries. Other large employers include Federal, State, and local government agencies. Employment of engineering and sciences managers is expected to grow 8 percent over the decade, about as fast as the average for all occupations. --Bureau of Labor Statistics

24 Engineering Management Curriculum
EM Core: Project Mgmt TQM Info. Sys. Adv. Eng. Eco. Enterprise Eng. Logistics Business Core: Accounting Finance Marketing Org. Behavior Operations Mgmt Eng Electives:

25 Advanced Organizer Managing Engineering and Technology
Management Functions Managing Technology Personal Technology Decision Making Planning Organizing Leading Controlling Research Design Production Quality Marketing Project Management Time Management Ethics Career

26 Discussion Questions What is your background? (Major, Level of study, country of origin, job title…) Why do you take this course? What is your expectation from this class? Could you find out the trend in engineering enrollment (at college level) in U.S.? Could you find out the trend in business enrollment (at college level) in U.S.?

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