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1 Chapter 1 Engineering and Management. 2 Advanced Organizer Decision Making Planning Organizing Leading Controlling Research Design Production Quality.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Chapter 1 Engineering and Management. 2 Advanced Organizer Decision Making Planning Organizing Leading Controlling Research Design Production Quality."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Chapter 1 Engineering and Management

2 2 Advanced Organizer Decision Making Planning Organizing Leading Controlling Research Design Production Quality Marketing Project Management Time Management Ethics Career Management FunctionsManaging TechnologyPersonal Technology Managing Engineering and Technology

3 3 Origins of Engineering Engineering as a Profession Roles of Engineers Management Levels and Skills Roles and Functions of Managers Engineering Management Chapter Outline

4 4 Learning Objectives Describe the origins of engineering practice Identify the functions of management Define Engineering Management Explain the need for engineers in management

5 5 Origin of Engineering Engineer& Ingenious stem from Latin word ingenium Talent, natural capacity Clever invention

6 6 Definition of Profession a calling requiring specialized knowledge and often long and intensive preparation, including instruction in skills and methods as well as in the scientific, historical or scholarly principles underlying such skills and methods, maintaining by force of organization or concerted opinion high standards of achievement and conduct and committing its members to continued study and to a kind of work which has for its prime purpose the rendering of a public service. --Websters 3 rd International Dictionary

7 7 Definition of Engineering Profession the art of directing the great sources of power in nature, for the use and convenience of man. --The first issue (1866) of the English journal Engineering the profession in which a knowledge of the mathematical and natural sciences gained by study, experience, and practice is applied with judgment to develop ways to utilize, economically, the materials and forces of nature for the benefit of mankind. --Engineers' Council for Professional Development

8 8 What Engineers Do? Engineers apply the theories and principles of science and mathematics to the economical solution of practical technical problems. Engineers design machinery, products, systems, and processes for efficient and economical performance. --U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

9 9 Types of Engineers Civil Engineers Agricultural Engineers Mechanical Engineers Electrical Engineers Industrial Engineers Chemical Engineers Aerospace Engineers Computer Engineers Software Engineers Biomedical Engineers

10 10 Engineers of Future Teamwork Flexibility Interpersonal skills

11 11 Engineering Employment Total (U.S.)1,500,0001,478,0001,572,000 Civil256,000228,000211,000 Mechanical227,000215,000259,000 Industrial201,000194,000210,000 Electrical153,000292,000450,000 Electronics138,000 Aerospace90,00078,00080,000 Computer79,00074,000 Environmental54,00047,000 Chemical30,00033,00067,000

12 12 Engineering Employment Health & Safety25,00024,000 Materials22,00024,000 Petroleum17,00014,000 Nuclear15,00016,000 Biomedical14,0007,600 Marine / Naval arch.9,2004,900 Mining and geological7,1005,200 Agricultural3,1002,900 All others170,000243,000

13 13 Engineering Jobs Manufacturing Industries (~37%) –Product Research, Design –Production, Quality –Plant, General Service Industries (~28%) –Marketing, Purchasing, Recruiting –Logistics Government (~12%)

14 14 Management Manage: to handle Management: the process for managing, training, or directing

15 15 Management Levels First-line managers –Foreman, supervisor, section chief Middle managers –Plant manger, division head, chief engineer, operations manager Top managers –Chair of board, president, executive vice president, CEO, CFO

16 16 Managerial Skills Technical skills Interpersonal skills Conceptual skills First-lineMiddleTop Technical Skills Interpersonal Skills Conceptual Skills

17 17 Managerial Roles Interpersonal Figurehead, leader, liaison Informational Monitor, disseminator, spokesperson Decisional Entrepreneurial, Disturbance handler, Resource allocator, Negotiator

18 18 Functions of Managers Planning Organizing Staffing Leading Controlling

19 19 Engineering Management: A Synthesis Engineering Management is the art and science of planning, organizing, allocating resources, and directing and controlling activities which have a technological component. -ASEM Engineering management is a field that bridges the gap between engineering and management. Engineering management involves the overall management of organizations with an orientation to manufacturing, construction, engineering, technology or production. -- Wikipedia

20 20 Ordinary Managers vs. Engineering Managers The engineering manager is distinguished from other managers because he/she possesses both an ability to apply engineering principles and a skill in organizing and directing people and projects. He/she is uniquely qualified for two types of jobs: the management of technical functions (such as design or production) in almost any enterprise, or the management of broader functions (such as marketing or top management) in a high- technology enterprise.

21 21 Engineering Managers Nature of the Work Plan, coordinate, and direct research, design, and production activities. Supervise engineers, scientists, and technicians, along with support personnel. Apply knowledge of administrative procedures, Use communication skills extensively. --Bureau of Labor Statistics

22 22 Need for Engineering Managers High-tech nature of business Extensive planning Uncertainties in products and processes Recruitment and evaluation of technical personnel Leadership and motivation of technical personnel

23 23 Management and Engineering Career Engineering and sciences managers held about 228,000 jobs in Manufacturing industries employed 38% of engineering and sciences managers. Another 31% worked in services industries. Other large employers include Federal, State, and local government agencies. Employment of engineering and sciences managers is expected to grow 8 percent over the decade, about as fast as the average for all occupations. --Bureau of Labor Statistics

24 24 Engineering Management Curriculum EM Core: Project Mgmt TQM Info. Sys. Adv. Eng. Eco. Enterprise Eng. Logistics Business Core: Accounting Finance Marketing Org. Behavior Operations Mgmt Eng Electives:

25 25 Advanced Organizer Decision Making Planning Organizing Leading Controlling Research Design Production Quality Marketing Project Management Time Management Ethics Career Management FunctionsManaging TechnologyPersonal Technology Managing Engineering and Technology

26 26 Discussion Questions 1.What is your background? (Major, Level of study, country of origin, job title…) 2.Why do you take this course? 3.What is your expectation from this class? 4.Could you find out the trend in engineering enrollment (at college level) in U.S.? 5.Could you find out the trend in business enrollment (at college level) in U.S.?


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