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What might have happened? Advanced 2. Speculating with modal verbs  May / might / could = not certain ( Maybe, It’s possible )  Must = almost certain.

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Presentation on theme: "What might have happened? Advanced 2. Speculating with modal verbs  May / might / could = not certain ( Maybe, It’s possible )  Must = almost certain."— Presentation transcript:

1 What might have happened? Advanced 2

2 Speculating with modal verbs  May / might / could = not certain ( Maybe, It’s possible )  Must = almost certain ( Probably, I’ll bet )  Can’t / couldn’t / had to = very certain ( It’s obvious, There’s no question )

3 Speculating about the past  May / might / could have + past participle = not certain  Must have + past participle = almost certain  Can’t / couldn’t / had to have + past participle = very certain

4 Modal + have + past participle  May / might / could have + past participle Bigfoot could have been a gorilla.  Must have + past participle Atlantis must have been real.  Can’t / couldn’t / had to have + past participle The Loss ness Monster can’t have existed.

5 Modal + have + past participle  May / might / could have + past participle Bigfoot could have been a gorilla.  Must have + past participle Atlantis must have been real.  Can’t / couldn’t / had to have + past participle The Loss ness Monster can’t have existed.

6 What might have happened to the Mary Celeste? Pirates? Sea monsters from the deep? Abduction by aliens? Submarines? Time travel? Underwater earthquakes?

7 How true are they?  The sailors might have been abducted by aliens.  The captain and his family may have been killed by his crew.  The cargo might not have been taken away due to its heavy weight.  All the crew couldn’t have been killed by a big storm.  Everybody must have been dragged to the bottom of the sea by a huge creature.

8 What do all the sentences have in common?  The sailors might have been abducted by aliens.  The captain and his family may have been killed by his crew.  The cargo might not have been taken away due to its heavy weight.  All the crew couldn’t have been killed by a big storm.  Everybody must have been dragged to the bottom of the sea by a huge creature.

9 Perfect modals in the passive voice.  The sailors might have been abducted by aliens.  The captain and his family may have been killed by his crew.  The cargo might not have been taken away due to its heavy weight.  All the crew couldn’t have been killed by a big storm.  Everybody must have been dragged to the bottom of the sea by a huge creature.

10 Perfect modals in the passive voice. Active Voice :  Aliens might have abducted the sailors. Modal + have + past particple

11 Perfect modals in the passive voice. Active Voice :  Aliens might have abducted the sailors. Modal + have + past particple Passive Voice :  The sailors might have been abducted by aliens. Modal + have + been + past participle

12 Perfect modals in the passive voice. Active Voice :  Aliens might have abducted the sailors. Modal + have + past particple Passive Voice :  The sailors might have been abducted by aliens. Modal + have + been + past participle

13 Now, open your books to page 103 and complete activity D.


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