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Medical Imaging G485 Fields, Particles, Frontiers of Physics Medical Imaging G485 Fields, Particles, Frontiers of Physics Mr Powell 2012 Index 5.4.1 X-Rays.

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Presentation on theme: "Medical Imaging G485 Fields, Particles, Frontiers of Physics Medical Imaging G485 Fields, Particles, Frontiers of Physics Mr Powell 2012 Index 5.4.1 X-Rays."— Presentation transcript:

1 Medical Imaging G485 Fields, Particles, Frontiers of Physics Medical Imaging G485 Fields, Particles, Frontiers of Physics Mr Powell 2012 Index X-Rays Diagnosis methods in medicine Diagnosis methods in medicine Ultrasound Ultrasound

2 Mr Powell 2012 Index Diagnosis methods in medicine Assessable learning outcomes.. (a) describe the use of medical tracers like technetium-99m to diagnose the function of organs; (b) describe the main components of a gamma camera; (c) describe the principles of positron emission tomography (PET); (d) outline the principles of magnetic resonance, with reference to precession of nuclei, Larmor frequency, resonance and relaxation times; (e) describe the main components of an MRI scanner; (f) outline the use of MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) to obtain diagnostic information about internal organs (HSW 3, 4c and 6a); (g) describe the advantages and disadvantages of MRI (HSW 4c & 6a); (h) describe the need for non-invasive techniques in diagnosis (HSW 6a); (i) explain what is meant by the Doppler effect; (j) explain qualitatively how the Doppler effect can be used to determine the speed of blood. Assessable learning outcomes.. (a) describe the use of medical tracers like technetium-99m to diagnose the function of organs; (b) describe the main components of a gamma camera; (c) describe the principles of positron emission tomography (PET); (d) outline the principles of magnetic resonance, with reference to precession of nuclei, Larmor frequency, resonance and relaxation times; (e) describe the main components of an MRI scanner; (f) outline the use of MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) to obtain diagnostic information about internal organs (HSW 3, 4c and 6a); (g) describe the advantages and disadvantages of MRI (HSW 4c & 6a); (h) describe the need for non-invasive techniques in diagnosis (HSW 6a); (i) explain what is meant by the Doppler effect; (j) explain qualitatively how the Doppler effect can be used to determine the speed of blood.

3 5.4.2 Diagnosis Methods in Medicine TASK Sheet a) describe the use of medical tracers like technetium-99m to diagnose the function of organs (use extra help sheet) (b) describe the main components of a gamma camera; (Use exam question to practice) (d) outline the principles of magnetic resonance, with reference to precession of nuclei, Larmor frequency, resonance and relaxation times (need to see diagram); (g) describe the advantages and disadvantages of MRI (create comparison table then do Use exam question to practice) (h) describe the need for non-invasive techniques in diagnosis (j) explain qualitatively how the Doppler effect can be used to determine the speed of blood. (Use exam question to practice) (e) describe the main components of an MRI scanner; (make a flow chart) (f) outline the use of MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) to obtain diagnostic information about internal organs (c) describe the principles of positron emission tomography (PET); (i) explain what is meant by the Doppler effect; (draw diagram and explain equation)

4 5.4.2 diagnostic methods in medicine

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6 MRI Detects hydrogen, and hence water, in cells Strong magnetic field needed – obtainable by using superconducting magnet Radiation causes oscillation in nucleus Excited nuclei re-radiate signalling their positions Detector picks up radiation emitted by nuclei

7 5.4.2 diagnostic methods in medicine

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12 Extension

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14 5.4.2 diagnostic methods in medicine


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