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EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW (IN 20 MINUTES OR LESS) MARGARET BAXTON, M.ED. ASSOCIATE DIRECTOR OF FINANCIAL AID UVA SCHOOL OF MEDICINE Medical Student Loans.

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Presentation on theme: "EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW (IN 20 MINUTES OR LESS) MARGARET BAXTON, M.ED. ASSOCIATE DIRECTOR OF FINANCIAL AID UVA SCHOOL OF MEDICINE Medical Student Loans."— Presentation transcript:

1 EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW (IN 20 MINUTES OR LESS) MARGARET BAXTON, M.ED. ASSOCIATE DIRECTOR OF FINANCIAL AID UVA SCHOOL OF MEDICINE Medical Student Loans

2 Types of Loans During undergrad and medical school, you may have borrowed a variety of loans. Federal Student Loans  Subsidized  Unsubsidized  Graduate PLUS  Other: Perkins, PCL, LDS, HPSL  Consolidation Private Student Loans  Private education loans (from a bank)  Institutional loans (from your school) Other Private Debt  Bank loans  Personal loans  Credit card debt  Residency/relocation loans

3 Locating your Loans It is your responsibility to make sure your loan servicer is able to contact you. Make sure your contact information is up-to-date! You should have received statements from all of your loan providers, even if you elected to go into deferment or forbearance. If you’re unsure: Ask your financial aid office Federal Loans: nslds.ed.gov Private loans: check your credit report

4 Get – and Stay - Organized Create a folder (paper or electronic) for each loan servicer, keep all correspondence/communication.  Try the AAMC’s FIRST loan organizer. Get a username and password for each servicer’s website. OPEN YOUR MAIL. Put reminders on your calendar – payments, deferment/forbearance forms, etc. Respond to any requests for payment, even if you think they’re mistaken. Motley Fool Debt Workbook: g.foolcdn.com/art/seminars/downloads/debtworkbook.pdf

5 Options during Residency For your federal loans, you may choose to begin repayment, or not. For private loans, contact your loan servicer. Internship/Residency Forbearance  No payments are due, interest accrues Repayment  Standard repayment: 10 years  Extended repayment: up to 25/30 years  Use to compare  Income-Based Repayment: based on your income and family size

6 Internship/Residency Forbearance Available for federal subsidized, unsubsidized, GradPLUS, and consolidation loans (not Perkins) Good for 12 months at a time, must fill out the right form and have it signed Mandatory – lender may not refuse Check your account online to make sure forbearance is applied correctly Beware accruing interest  Set aside money each month in an emergency fund, then pay your interest before it capitalizes if you don’t have an emergency

7 Income-Based Repayment Payment equal to 15% (will change to 10% in 2014) of income that exceeds 150% of poverty line Financial benefits:  Your IBR payment may not even cover the accruing interest. Any amount of interest accrued on subsidized loans that is not paid by the IBR payment will be covered by the Department of Education for up to 3 consecutive years  If 1/4 of your loans are subsidized, then 1/4 of your payment will go to the sub loan  The unpaid interest on your unsubsidized loan will not capitalize for as long as you are in IBR.

8 Income-Based Repayment Annual Income Family Size $10,000$0 $15,000$0 $20,000$47$0 $25,000$109$39$0 $30,000$172$102$32$0 $35,000$234$164$94$24$0 $40,000$297$227$157$87$16$0 $45,000$359$289$219$149$79$9$0 $50,000$422$352$282$212$141$71$1 $55,000$484$414$344$274$204$134$64 $60,000$547$477$407$337$266$196$126 $65,000$609$539$469$399$329$259$189 $70,000$672$602$532$462$391$321$251

9 After Residency Fellowship: Federal loans are eligible for the Graduate Fellowship Deferment  No payments are due, no interest accrues on subsidized loans Loan Repayment Programs Options during financial difficulty Loan Repayment

10 Loan Repayment Programs (aka, getting someone else to pay your loans) NIH:  $70,000 for 2+ years of biomedical or behavioral research in one of five research areas -- clinical; pediatric; health disparities; contraception and infertility; and clinical research for individuals from disadvantaged backgrounds NHSC: nhsc.hrsa.gov/loanrepayment Military:    Indian Health Service: State programs:

11 Public Service Loan Forgiveness Must have Direct Loans (can consolidate) Must make 120 monthly payments under qualifying plan (IBR) Must work in public service during those 120 months  Most non-profits count Remaining debt after 10 years will be forgiven Good option if you can pay during residency and plan to have a low income for 5+ years No program to “join” – just apply at end of 10 years

12 Options During Financial Difficulty Federal loans: Economic Hardship Deferment Unemployment Deferment General Forbearance (up to 3 years)  Call and ask BEFORE you are late on a payment Forgiveness upon death or total permanent disability Private loans: Ask your servicer

13 Loan Repayment Three general approaches: Fast & Furious  If you’re making $250,000 and can live on $75,000, then you’ll have (after taxes) about $100,000/year to throw at your loans Standard Repayment  Sign up for the 10-year repayment, maybe pay extra when you can Slow and Steady (pays the most)  Take as long as possible to repay, to keep your monthly payment low  May be a decent option if your interest rates are fixed and low

14 Loan Repayment - Tips Remember to sign up for auto-debit  You’ll never get a late fee, and there may be incentives  Balance your checkbook! Two methods: highest-rate vs snowball repayment The interest you pay is tax-deductible, but maybe only while you’re in residency  Higher education tax benefits: Full Deduction Partial Deduction No Deduction Single$60,000 or less $60,000 to $75,000 $75,000 or more Married filing jointly $120,000 or less $120,000 to $150,000 $150,000 or more

15 Resources AAMC’s FIRST for Residents: Department of Ed Ombudsman OPTOUT

16 CLAUDE MOORE MEDICAL EDUCATION BUILDING, ROOM 1140 (434) DENNIS SNYDER (A-H): DLS7D MARGARET BAXTON (I-R): MED7Q NANCY ZIMMER (S-Z): NLB3W UVA School of Medicine Financial Aid Office


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