# Part 2 - Height. - an instrument for measuring heights (of trees)

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Part 2 - Height

- an instrument for measuring heights (of trees)

 Total height = height (or stem length) from ground line to top of terminal bud.  Merchantable height = stem length (or height) from assumed stump height to an arbitrary, fixed upper-stem diameter (ib or ob)

 Degree – reads angle from horizontal for trigonometric calculations  Percentage – reads directly in feet of height at 100 feet distance (rise/run) (45 degrees equals 100 percent slope)  Topographic – reads directly in feet of height at 66 feet (1 chain or 20 meters) away This is where your pacing or hipchain really comes in handy

Trigonometry of right triangles a = b(tan A)

Measuring Standing Tree Height Percentage Scale Percent slope = (rise / run) x 100 If distance from tree (D), or "run" is 100 feet, The reading from horizontal to Stump height (A) is 5 feet and tree height above the horizontal plane (B) or "rise" is 80 feet Total Tree height equals A + B = 85 feet

 H = (HT - HB)*(HD/BD)  HT = Height to top (BA)  HB = Height to Base (BC) Reading will be negative (unless tree above you)  HD = Horizontal Distance From person to tree  BD = Base Distance 66 (for topographic scale) Or 100 (for percent scale) If you are at scale distance, This factor (HD/BD) equals 1 and can be ignored

 Desired horizontal distance to the tree = 100 feet  Slope to the tree = 32% (slope correction needed)  Slope correction factor = 1.05  Taped distance to the tree = 100 feet * 1.05 = 105 feet  The measuring instrument is moved to a taped distance of 105 feet  Angle to tree base = 4%; Angle to tree top = 76%  Tree height = 76 feet - 4 feet = 72 feet

Measuring Tools

Line of site limitations, expensive

Degree and Topographic Scales

Degree and Percent Scale

Left scale in percent at 100 feet. What is the tree height?

Compensates for angle

Not Limited by Line of Sight like Laser or Optical

 Show General Formula Slide  Show iTunesU video  Show iHypsometer App  Questions so far?

Problem Trees