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Introduction to Process Safety Management (PSM) of Highly Hazardous Chemicals.

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Presentation on theme: "Introduction to Process Safety Management (PSM) of Highly Hazardous Chemicals."— Presentation transcript:

1 Introduction to Process Safety Management (PSM) of Highly Hazardous Chemicals

2 Major Incidents Mexico City Mexico City Union Carbide Corp, Bhopal India Union Carbide Corp, Bhopal India Phillips Petroleum, Pasadena Texas Phillips Petroleum, Pasadena Texas ARCO Petroleum, Channelview Texas ARCO Petroleum, Channelview Texas IMC, Sterlington Louisiana IMC, Sterlington Louisiana

3 14 Elements to PSM Employee Participation Employee Participation Process Safety Information Process Safety Information Process Hazard Analysis Process Hazard Analysis Operating Procedures Operating Procedures Training Training Contractors Contractors Hot Work Hot Work Mechanical Integrity Mechanical Integrity Management of Change Management of Change Pre-Startup Safety Review Pre-Startup Safety Review Incident Investigation Incident Investigation Emergency Planning and Response Emergency Planning and Response Compliance Audits Compliance Audits Trade Secrets Trade Secrets

4 The 14 Elements Employee Participation Trade Secrets Emergency Planning and Response Incident Investigation Process Safety Information Process Hazard Analysis Hot Work Mechanical Integrity Training Operating Procedures Contractors Management of Change Pre-Startup Safety Review Compliance Audits System WidePrevention Reaction Control

5 Employee Participation Everyone plays a part

6 You Make the Difference Your Participation is a critical part of PSM Nothing happens unless we pull together

7 Process Safety Information Provides the foundation for understanding the chemical, technical, and equipment hazards associated with the processes Retains basic research and development information to guide future efforts

8 Process Hazard Analysis PHAs are the cornerstone of an effective hazard management program and are aimed at reducing risk RISK = SEVERITY + LIKELIHOOD

9 Operating Procedures Ensures that all individuals are doing their job, the same way and in the safest manner possible

10 Training Awareness causes Action

11 Contractors Contractors need to be informed of the potential hazards related to the Process Chemical 1 (ABC) Chemical 2 (123) Review (Hazards)

12 Hot Work This element establishes the criteria to ensure any work that may cause a source of ignition is done safely. This includes open flame, running combustible engines, running electronics and test equipment that is not intrinsically safe, grinding, drilling, or any other possible source of ignition. A Hot Work Permit is Required.

13 Mechanical Integrity Critical equipment is identified, designed, installed, and properly maintained Employees maintaining equipment are trained to do so Defects are resolved before continued use of equipment

14 Management of Change Ensures changes are not made without due consideration Improves communications among facility employees affected by the change

15 Pre-Startup Safety Review The final "thought stop" to make sure a new or changed facility doesn't contain any surprises

16 Incident Investigation Spotlights the chain of events leading to an incident, to avoid a future occurrence Near-misses also require an investigation. They are not minor incidents, they are free spins on the wheel

17 Emergency Planning and Response Small problems can become major if not handled properly Written plans allow everyone to know what to do in the event of an emergency

18 Compliance Audits Audits can verify if programs are in place and measure their effectiveness ases the awareness of process safety throughout a facility, by reviewing documentation, inspecting facilities and interviewing employees Incre

19 Trade Secrets Pssst! Any information needed to comply with PSM must be available "Sensitive" material may require the signing of a confidentiality agreement before it is provided Top Secret

20 Benefits of PSM For the Employee reduces chances of being injured by catastrophic releases For the Environment reduces chances of loss of containment of Highly Hazardous Chemicals For the Community Creates a sense of security For the Facility and Equipment... Increases reliability and reduces unscheduled downtime For the Customer... Provides a reliable, steady flow of product from a responsible supplier For the Industry... Contributes to overall reduction in catastrophic incidents

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