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Questionnaires, experiments, databases, and the internet are used to collect data. These collected data can be displayed in tables and graphs, which can be used to make predictions.

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Allira surveyed 4 friends on the number of first cousins each has. To find a number that best represents the number of cousins, Allira used linking cubes.

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Kinta Orana Illuka Attunga 34493449 The mean is a number that can represent the center of a set of numbers or the average.

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One way to find the mean is to rearrange the cubes to make rows of equal length. There are 5 cubes in each row. The mean number of first cousins is 5. Another way is to add the numbers together, then divide by the amount of numbers you added. 3 + 4 + 4 + 9 = 20 20 ÷ 4 = 5

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The mode is the number that occurs the most often. What is the mode in our example of Allira’s survey? = 4 Each of the mean and the mode is a measure of central tendency. We say the word average to describe a measure of central tendency. An average is a number that represents all numbers in a set.

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Here are Ira’s practice times, in seconds, for the 100 m backstroke: 121, 117, 123, 115, 117, 120, 122 Find the mean and mode for this data. Text pg. 260-261

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What is median? = once the set of numbers is arranged from least to greatest, the median is simply the middle number

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There are 11 grade 7 students in Ms. Shim’s combined Grades 6 and 7 class. What would be the median for the following sets of marks? 95, 80, 76, 73, 54, 70, 92, 66, 87, 78, 85 When there is an odd number of data, the median is the middle number.

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Another student transfers to Ms. Shim’s class. He writes the same test and receives a mark of 72. What would be the median now? When there is an even number of data, the median is the mean of the two middle number. (Add the two middle numbers together and divide by 2)

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The median is also a measure of central tendency or average. Once the set of data are arranged in order, the range can easily be found. To find range, simply subtract the lowest number from the highest number. Ex: 95 – 54 = 41

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The hourly wages, in dollars, of 10 workers are: 11, 8, 9, 8, 12, 8, 9, 9, 20, 8 Find the: mean, mode, median, range Text pages 264 – 266 Pizazz E38-39

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