Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

West Yorkshire / West Midlands Low Emission Strategy Planning Guidance IAQM, September 25 th 2013 Andrew Whittles Managing Director Low Emission Strategies.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "West Yorkshire / West Midlands Low Emission Strategy Planning Guidance IAQM, September 25 th 2013 Andrew Whittles Managing Director Low Emission Strategies."— Presentation transcript:

1 West Yorkshire / West Midlands Low Emission Strategy Planning Guidance IAQM, September 25 th 2013 Andrew Whittles Managing Director Low Emission Strategies Ltd LES Ltd Low Emission Strategies

2 Contents Evolution Guidance National Planning Policy Framework West Yorkshire / West Midlands LES Guidance Conclusions LES Ltd Low Emission Strategies

3 LES Ltd Low Emission Strategies Exposure Blackheath Road, Greenwich

4 “Greenwich hope to improve air quality by piping clean air in from Bexley” AQB, 2001 LES Ltd Low Emission Strategies

5 LES Ltd Low Emission Strategies Greenwich Peninsula LEZ

6 LES Ltd Low Emission Strategies Greenwich Millenium Village

7 LES Ltd Low Emission Strategies Greenwich Peninsula

8 LES Ltd Low Emission Strategies Lower Lea Valley Olympic Site

9 LES Ltd Low Emission Strategies

10 LES Ltd Low Emission Strategies Applicable Range Nitrogen Dioxide Annual Mean Applicable Range PM10 Recommendation APEC – A> 5% below national objectiveAnnual Mean: > 5% below national objective 24 hr: > 1-day less thannational objective No air quality grounds for refusal; however mitigation of any emissions should be considered. APEC – BBetween 5% below or above national objective Annual Mean: Between 5% above or below national objective 24 hr: Between 1-day above or below national objective. May not be sufficient air quality grounds for refusal, however appropriate mitigation must be considered e.g., Maximise distance from pollutant source, proven ventilation systems, parking considerations, winter gardens, internal layout considered and internal pollutant emissions minimised. APEC – C> 5% above national objectiveAnnual Mean: > 5% above national objective 24 hr: > 1-day more than national objective. Refusal on air quality grounds should be anticipated, unless the Local Authority has a specific policy enabling such land use and ensure best endeavours to reduce exposure are incorporated. Worker exposure in commercial/industrial land uses should be considered further. Mitigation measures must be presented with air quality assessment, detailing anticipated outcomes of mitigation measures. London Councils, 2007 London Guidance

11 LES Ltd Low Emission Strategies Thames Gateway Bridge Design

12 LES Ltd Low Emission Strategies Emirates Cable Car

13 LES Ltd Low Emission Strategies Tesco, Woolwich 2013

14 Low Emission Strategies LES Ltd Low Emission Strategies

15 LES Ltd Low Emission Strategies

16 LES Ltd Low Emission Strategies

17 LES Ltd Low Emission Strategies

18 LES Ltd Low Emission Strategies Planning policies should sustain compliance with and contribute towards EU limit values or national objectives for pollutants, taking into account the presence of Air Quality Management Areas and the cumulative impacts on air quality from individual sites in local areas. Planning decisions should ensure that any new development in Air Quality Management Areas is consistent with the local air quality action plan (Paragraph 124) National Planning Policy Framework

19 LES Ltd Low Emission Strategies Planning policies should sustain compliance with and contribute towards EU limit values or national objectives for pollutants, taking into account the presence of Air Quality Management Areas and the cumulative impacts on air quality from individual sites in local areas. Planning decisions should ensure that any new development in Air Quality Management Areas is consistent with the local air quality action plan or low emission strategy (Paragraph 124) (DCLG website 2013) NPPF....

20 LES Ltd Low Emission Strategies Plans should protect and exploit opportunities for the use of sustainable transport modes for the movement of goods or people. Therefore, developments should be located and designed where practical to: - incorporate facilities for charging plug-in and other ultra-low emission vehicles; and consider the needs of people with disabilities by all modes of transport (Paragraph 35) NPPF...

21 LES Ltd Low Emission Strategies If setting local parking standards for residential and non- residential development, local planning authorities should take into account: -an overall need to reduce the use of high-emission vehicles (Paragraph 39) NPPF...

22 LES Ltd Low Emission Strategies Bradford Low Emission Strategy - Foreword “The existence of a black pall of smoke over the town is quite unnecessary to the trade of Bradford…the existence of the unnatural and unhealthy condition of the atmosphere is highly prejudicial.....” said Dr. Thomas W Hime, Medical Officer of Health for Bradford, in his annual report to the Council in At Bradford Council we have long recognised that clean air is fundamental for the district to prosper, and be an attractive place to live, work and invest. The adoption of our Air Quality Strategy in April 2011 continued the council’s commitment to protect the health of its residents. Transport is now the major contributor to our air quality problems. This Low Emission Strategy outlines how the council will work with the public and the private sector, and with other stakeholders, to implement measures which reduce the impact of emissions from traffic on public health and air quality, whilst simultaneously contributing to the regeneration of our economy. Cllr Andrew Thornton: Portfolio holder for Environment, Sport & Sustainability

23 LES Ltd Low Emission Strategies

24 LES Ltd Low Emission Strategies West Yorkshire Low Emission Strategy

25 LES Ltd Low Emission Strategies Public Health

26 LES Ltd Low Emission Strategies Percentage of Deaths Attributable to PM2.5 (Defra 2012)

27 LES Ltd Low Emission Strategies Scheme TypeMinorMediumMajor Threshold Below DfT threshold criteria for Transport Assessment and Travel Plan (TA/TP) Meets DfT threshold criteria for Transport Assessment and Travel Plan (TA/TP) Or where the development is for any B2 or B8 use falling below the major classification. Medium type developments which also trigger any of the following criteria: i) Where development requires an EIA ii) Where development is likely to increase traffic flows by more than 5% on roads with >10,000 AADT or change average vehicle speeds by > 10 kph/likely to cause increased congestion iii) Where a development requires a Transport Assessment and HGV movements are =/> 10% of total trips AssessmentNone (other than for exposure) Air Quality Assessment required including an evaluation of changes in vehicle related emissions MitigationType 1Types 1 and 2 (Mitigation should be included within Travel Plan) Types 1,2 and 3 (Mitigation should be included within Travel Plan Development Classification Table

28 LES Ltd Low Emission Strategies  Where the proposed development falls within the Town and Country Planning (Environmental Impact Assessment) (England and Wales) Regulations  Where the proposed development falls within the Pollution Prevention and Control (England and Wales) Regulations  Proposals that could increase the existing traffic flow on roads of > 10,000 AADT by 5% or more or change average speeds by more than 10kph  Proposals that include additional HGV movements more than 10% of total trips.  Proposals that introduce biomass energy/heating plant into the urban environment.  Where significant demolition and construction works are proposed.

29 LES Ltd Low Emission Strategies Development Type Assessment Required MitigationCompensation Minor None (other than for exposure) Type 1- Medium None (other than for exposure) Type 1 and 2- MajorFull AQ Assessment in line with Council Guidance, including evaluation of emission and concentration changes Type 1 and 2Type 3 Mitigation and Compensation

30 LES Ltd Low Emission Strategies ResidentialCommercial/RetailIndustrial Provision Rate 1 charging point per unit (house with dedicated parking) 10% of parking spaces (this may be phased with 5% provision initially and a further 5% trigger) 1 charging point per 10 spaces (unallocated parking) To prepare for increased demand in future years, appropriate cable provision for increased provision should be included in scheme design and development in agreement with the local authority Where Travel Plans are required, recommended EV re-charging provision should be detailed within them, including future proofing through the provision of cabling... Type 1 – EV Recharging Standards

31 LES Ltd Low Emission Strategies Minor Small Scale Major Large Scale Major Appropriate Code of Construction Practice Best Practice Guidance Diesel exhaust emission controls on Non-Road Mobile Machinery (NRMM - 37 kwh power rating or above) should be required on sensitive sites at the discretion of the local authority Type 1 – Construction Standards

32 LES Ltd Low Emission Strategies Mitigation  Travel Plan (where required), including mechanisms for discouraging high emission vehicle use and encouraging the uptake of low emission fuels and technologies  Designation of parking spaces for low emission vehicles  Differential parking charges depending on vehicle emissions  All commercial vehicles should comply with either current or previous European Emission Standards from store opening, to be progressively maintained for the lifetime of the development  Fleet operations should provide a strategy for considering and reducing emissions, including possibilities for the take up of low emission fuels and technologies  Use of ultra low emission service vehicles Type 2 – Standard Mitigation for Scheme Sustainability

33 LES Ltd Low Emission Strategies Road Transport Emission Increase = ∑ [Estimated trip rate for 5 years X Emission rate per 10 km per vehicle type X Damage costs] Damage Cost Calculation

34 LES Ltd Low Emission Strategies Mitigation / Compensation  On-street EV recharging  Contribution to low emission vehicle refuelling infrastructure  Car clubs  Low emission bus service provision  Low emission waste collection services  Bike/e-bike hire schemes  Contribution to renewable fuel and energy generation projects  Incentives for the take-up of low emission vehicle technologies and fuels  Air Quality Monitoring programmes Type 3 – Additional Mitigation/Compensation for Scheme Acceptability

35 LES Ltd Low Emission Strategies Low Emission Travel Plans

36 LES Ltd Low Emission Strategies Road Transport Emission Increase = ∑ [Estimated trip rate for 5 years X Emission rate per 10 km per vehicle type X Damage costs] Damage Cost Calculation

37 LES Ltd Low Emission Strategies Road Transport Emission Increase = ∑ [Estimated trip rate for 5 years X Emission rate per 10 km per vehicle type X Damage costs] Damage Cost Calculation

38 LES Ltd Low Emission Strategies Road Transport Emission Increase = ∑ [Estimated trip rate for 5 years X Emission rate per 10 km per vehicle type X Damage costs] Damage Cost Calculation

39 LES Ltd Low Emission Strategies Sensitivities Central Estimate (1)(2) NO X £955£744£1,085 SO X £1,633£1,320£1,856 Ammonia£1,972£1,538£2,241 PM Domestic£28,140£22,033£31,978 PM Agriculture£9,703£7,598£11,027 PM Waste£20,862£16,335£23,708 PM Industry£25,229£19,753£28,669 PM ESI£2,426£1,900£2,757 PM Transport Average£48,517£37,987£55,133 PM Transport Central London £221,726£173,601£251,961 PM Transport Inner£228,033£178,540£259,129 PM Transport Outer£148,949£116,621£169,261 PM Transport Inner Conurbation£117,899£92,309£133,975 PM Transport Outer Conurbation£73,261£57,362£83,252 PM Transport Urban Big£87,332£68,377£99,241 PM Transport Urban Large£70,351£55,081£79,944 PM Transport Urban Medium£55,310£43,305£62,853 PM Transport Urban Small£34,932£27,351£39,696 PM Rural£15,041£11,776£17,091 IGCB Damage Costs – Defra (2010)

40 LES Ltd Low Emission Strategies Emission Factor Toolkit (Defra)

41 LES Ltd Low Emission Strategies A Low Emission Strategy for the operations at the site and its associated road transport shall be submitted for approval in writing by the Local Planning Authority 12 months from implementation of this planning decision notice. The Low Emission Strategy shall include, amongst other matters; i)Assessment of Low Emission Vehicle technology and infrastructure (e.g. Electric Vehicle dedicated parking and charging, gas refuelling station etc) ii) Assessment of fleet emission specification (e.g. current best practice - this may be current Euro standard vehicles). This should include all vehicles forming part of the operation and accessing the site, such as refuse collection vehicles, bulk transfer vehicles, forklifts, heavy goods vehicles, staff vehicles etc iii) Assessment of Procurement policy (including planned vehicle replacement and suppliers of other goods and services) iv) Measures such as eco-driving (driver training and technological aids to eco-driving), and policies regarding vehicle idling. The Low Emission Strategy shall have targets for emission reduction and timescales, with pollution savings quantified. At the end of each calendar year an implementation plan shall be submitted for approval in writing by the Local Planning Authority, which on approval shall be fully implemented in accordance with the details and measures so approved. The Low Emission Strategy shall take into account future changing standards and available technologies and be updated accordingly in agreement with the Local Planning Authority. Reason: In the interests of improving air quality, reducing green house gases and ensuring that the effects on the environment and occupants of adjoining land is minimised, in accordance with policies UR3, P1, P8 and P11 of the Replacement Unitary Development Plan and paragraphs 30 and 120 of the National Planning Policy Framework. Bradford Waste PFI – Planning Condition

42 Low Emission Strategies: Bradford York West Midlands West Yorkshire Sussex / Horsham Merseyside Leicester Northampton Southampton Sheffield Exeter Colchester Scotland LES Ltd Low Emission Strategies

43 Conclusions Clarity / certainty – define ‘sustainability’ in AQ terms Level playing field Acknowledges cumulative impact / seeks incremental benefit Core Strategies / AQAP / Low Emission Strategies Workloads Damage costs / HMRC Green Book – AQ Supplement Travel Plans Section 106 / CIL Euro Standards / diesel / low emission technology readiness Public Health / HIA Innovation / opportunity /precedent Communication LES Ltd Low Emission Strategies

44 Thank you! LES Ltd Low Emission Strategies


Download ppt "West Yorkshire / West Midlands Low Emission Strategy Planning Guidance IAQM, September 25 th 2013 Andrew Whittles Managing Director Low Emission Strategies."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google