2 Who is eligible to take the LFQ Course?FF I & II Qualified Instructor for Five YearsMust have sponsoring agencyMust have at least five apprentice burns with a Live Fire Qualified InstructorMust have the desire to conduct burns correctlyLevel II documentation
3 Live Fire Qualification Course RequirementsFirst:Pass a written exam demonstrating knowledge of NFPA 1403, NFPA 1142, and FF I & II EssentialsSecond:Successfully complete practical evolution within 6 monthsThird:Complete and submit a correct pre-burn planwithin 6 months
4 ATTITUDES TO FOSTER Safety of all personnel Ensure proper control during training exercisesHazardous conditions are correctedUnsafe acts are corrected
5 NFPA 1403, 2007 editionDeals with training all fire suppression personnel engaged in firefighting operations under live fire conditions.
6 NFPA 1403, 2007 editionProvides a process for conducting live fire training evolutions to ensure that they are conducted in safe facilities and that the exposure to health and safety hazards for the fire fighting receiving the training is minimized.Facilities v StructuresWho sits on the 1403 committee (show front of 1403 standard)
7 A method of fire ground communications shall be established. NFPA
8 AHJThe “AUTHORITY HAVING JURISDICTION” is the organization, office or individual responsible for enforcing the requirements of a code or standard.NFPA
9 InstructorAn individual qualified by the AHJ to deliver firefighting training, who has the training and experience to supervise students during live fire training evolutions.NFPA
10 Instructor In ChargeAn individual qualified as an instructor and designated by the AHJ to be in charge of the live fire training evolution.NFPA
11 Safety OfficerAn individual appointed by the AHJ as qualified to maintain a safe working environment at all live fire training evolutions.NFPA
12 ChapterThe Safety officer shall provide for the safety of all persons on the scene including students, instructors, visitors, and spectators.
13 Student Prerequisites ChapterStudent PrerequisitesPrior to being permitted to participate in live fire training evolutions, the student shall have received training to meet the JPRs for FF1 in NFPA 1001.Safety Fire BehaviorForcible Entry Portable ExtinguishersOverhaul FH, App, and StreamsWater Supply VentilationLaddersPPEWhy no Building Construction? (Level II)
14 Chapter 4 4.1.2 Student Prerequisites Students participating in a live fire training evolution who have received the required minimum training from other than the AHJ shall not be permitted to participate in any live fire training evolution without first presenting prior written evidence of having successfully completed the prescribed minimum training to the levels specified in
15 Structures and Facilities Chapter 4Structures and FacilitiesProof of clear titleWritten permission from ownerInsurance cancellation
16 Structures and Facilities Chapter 4Structures and FacilitiesA clear description of the anticipated condition… at the completion of the evolution(s) and the method of returning the property to the owner shall be put in writing…2 children killed by chimney in NC back in the 90’s. FD was sued and lost.
17 Structures and Facilities Chapter 4Structures and Facilities4.2.2* Preparation shall include application for and receipt of required permits and permissions.1. Asbestos Permit - NCDHHS, Div. of Public Health, Health Hazards Control Unit.2. Air Quality Control
21 4.2.2 (Appendix) Depending on location, permits required can include: Air QualityWater RunoffWater UsageBurningTraffic
22 Structures and Facilities Chapter 4Structures and Facilities–Hazardous Storage Containers shall be removed or neutralized so as not to present a safety problem.Vent or render inert
23 Structures and Facilities Chapter 4Structures and Facilities4.2.10All hazardous structural conditions shall be removed or repaired so as to not present a safety problem during use of the structure.Fix it enough to burn it down.
24 Structures and Facilities Chapter 4Structures and Facilities–Floors, railings, and stairs shall be made safe.Special attention shall be given to potential chimney hazards.Holes in walls and ceilings shall be patched.
25 Structures and Facilities Chapter 4Structures and FacilitiesLow-density combustible fiberboard and other unconventional combustible interior finishes shall be removed.NFPAExtraordinary weight above the training area shall be removed.NFPA
26 Structures and Facilities Chapter 4Structures and Facilities–All hazardous environmental conditions shall be removed before conducting LF training in the structure.Debris creating or contributing to unsafe conditions shall be removed.
27 Structures and Facilities Chapter 4Structures and FacilitiesUtilities shall be disconnected.Remove potential hazards of toxic weeds, insect hives, and vermin.Asbestos shall be removed by an approved asbestos removal contractor.
28 Roof ventilation openings… NOTE:Roof ventilation openings…1997 edition:2-2.10*(g) An adequate ventilation opening(s) shall be made in the roof.2002 and 2007 edition:This section has been removed. Only * has been left in. (Same wording in edition )
29 Roof ventilation openings… NOTE:Roof ventilation openings…2002 and 2007 edition:* has been left in. (Same wording in 1997 edition )‘Roof ventilation openings that are normally closed but can be opened in the event of an emergency shall be permitted to be utilized.’
30 opening(s) shall be made in the roof. NCFRC ExceptionAdequate ventilationopening(s) shall be madein the roof.Cut a hole
32 Structures and Facilities Chapter 4Structures and Facilities4.2.19The persons in charge of the adjacent properties shall be informed of the date and time of the evolution.Ask what is an adjacent property?
33 Structures and Facilities 4.2.20 Chapter 4Structures and Facilities4.2.20Appropriate safeguards shall be taken to eliminate hazards to motorists:Street closings, traffic re-routing, signs, and police assistance.
34 Structures and Facilities Chapter 4Structures and Facilities4.2.22Awareness of weather conditions, wind velocity, and wind direction shall be maintained, including a final check for possible changes in weather conditions immediately before actual ignition.
35 Structures and Facilities 4.2.24 – 22.214.171.124 Chapter 4Structures and Facilities–Areas for the staging, operating, and parking of fire apparatus and vehicles involved in the exercise shall be designated.Ingress and egress routes shall be designated.
36 Structures and Facilities 4.2.25 Chapter 4Structures and Facilities4.2.25A pre-burn briefing session shall be conducted for all participants.All Facets of Burn including:Crew AssignmentsEvacuation Signal
37 Structures and Facilities Chapter 4Structures and FacilitiesA pre-burn plan shall be prepared and shall be utilized during the pre-burn briefing sessions.Playbook (and testimony)
38 Structures and Facilities Chapter 4Structures and FacilitiesAll participants shall be required to conduct a walk-through of the structure.For familiarity with the layout and to facilitate any necessary evacuation of the building.
39 Chapter 4 Fuel Materials 4.3.7 The instructor-in-charge shall assess the selected fire room for factors that can affect:GrowthDevelopmentSpread of Fire
40 To help assure a controlled fire growth, document all fuel loading: Chapter 4Fuel Materials4.3.8To help assure a controlled fire growth, document all fuel loading:Furnishings, wall and floor coverings, ceiling material, type of construction, and room dimensions.
41 Chapter 4 Fuel Materials 4.3.8(3) Also Document: Type of construction Type of roofCombustible void spaces
42 Chapter 4Safety4.4.1A safety officer shall be appointed for all live fire training evolutions.
44 Chapter 4Safety–Each hoseline shall be capable of delivering a minimum of 95 gpm.Backup lines shall be provided to ensure protection for personnel on training attack lines.Capable??? For our purposes, it shall flow at least 95gpm
45 Chapter 4Safety4.4.7The Instructor-in-Charge shall assign the following:(1) 1 instructor for each functional crew, not to exceed 5:1.(2) 1 instructor for each backup line.(3) Additional personnel to backup lines for mobility.(4) 1 additional instructor for each functional assignment.
46 No person(s) shall play the role of a victim inside the building. Chapter 4Safety4.4.14No person(s) shall play the role of a victim inside the building.Where did this come from? (Class feeler)
47 EMS Definition: (3.3.3)Dedicated EMS Transport shall be available throughout the exercise.Who are we protecting?