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Right Brain Left Brain Two hemispheres with different specializations.

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Presentation on theme: "Right Brain Left Brain Two hemispheres with different specializations."— Presentation transcript:

1 Right Brain Left Brain Two hemispheres with different specializations

2 Cortical similarities KW 14-3 Contralateral control over movement and skin sencses

3 Sensory Motor Integration KW 10-2

4 KW Visual Fields Also contralateral sensation Right visual world: left brain Left visual world: right brain

5 Dorsal and Ventral Streams KW p.535

6 Hemispheric differences

7 Auditory Cortex KW 9-12

8 Processing Music KW 9-24

9 Parietal lobe Assymetry KW Parietal largerTemporal larger

10 Parietal lobe damage KW Right: drawings, puzzles, maps Left: language, naming objects, Copy movements

11 Apraxia KW 14-16

12 Spatial Cognition KW 14-4 Same figure but different orientation? Yes

13 Spatial Orientation KW 14-5 Which block is the same as one of left? a

14 Cognitive Tasks 1 KW correct Men more likely to Pick correct response

15 Cognitive Tasks 2 KW 14-21

16 Cognitive Tasks 3 KW 14-21

17 Cognitive Tasks 4 KW 14-21

18 Figure 14.1 Two views of the corpus callosum The corpus callosum is a large set of axons conveying information between the two hemispheres. (a) A sagittal section through the human brain. (b) A dissection (viewed from above) in which gray matter has been removed to expose the corpus callosum. Connecting Link between Hemispheres

19 Visual Connections to the Hemispheres Visual Field-what is visible at any moment Right visual field-->left hemisphere Left visual field-->right hemisphere Cutting the Corpus Callosum Sometimes done to treat severe epilepsy Behavior is abnormal only when sensory stimuli are limited to one side of the body

20 Split Brain Task 1 KW 14-18

21 Split Brain Task 2 KW Use left hand to find object

22 Split Brain Task 3 KW Each hemisphere is capable of responding independently

23 Visuospacial Processing KW 14-20

24 Split Hemispheres Competition Soon after surgery you may see competition between activities on the two sides of the body Hemispheric Specialization Left Speech Movement sequencing Detail-oriented Right Emotional content of speech Recognizes emotions in others Expresses fear and anger Spatial Relationships Music perception Animation

25 Development of Lateralization and Handedness Anatomical Differences between the Hemispheres Plenum temporale in left hemisphere larger Corpus Callosum is not fully developed at birth Handedness does not dramatically affect lateralization Most left-handed people have left-hemisphere or mixed dominance for speech

26 Speech and Handedness First communication most likely hand signals Right hand preferred most humans Right hand controlled by left brain Signal language tied to spoken language Hand gestures to phonemes Communication is left hemisphere task

27 Brain sculpted by experience Left hemisphere for speech Right for spatial tasks Both hemispheres active Can be resculpted if needed

28 Brain Science has come along way Still many mysteries to be solved Treaments for brain diseases Understanding the causes Hope course has given you the knowledge to follow these developments

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