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Student-Centered Learning Jennifer Anderson University of Phoenix TECH 507.

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1 Student-Centered Learning Jennifer Anderson University of Phoenix TECH 507

2 What do your students experience in your classroom?  Teacher-Centered Learning  Direct teaching (ie. Lecture)  Teacher controlled environment  Passive learning __________________________________________________________________  Student-Centered Learning  Student independent learning  Students collaborate with each other  Creativity is encouraged  Students are responsible for their learning  Students are actively engaged (Baugher, 2013)

3 Technology integration can create a student- centered learning environment. Imaging technology such as videos, interactive white boards, and document cameras can make learning interactive and more visual for students. Desktop and lap top computers can be used for independent and group research projects. They can also be used to create presentations and communicate with others through and Skype and other communication applications. Display technology, such as clickers, can be used for instant student feedback, so that teachers can assess understanding (Roblyer and Doering, 2012)

4 A student-centered learning environment uses technology as a tool to understand core content through:  Inquiry-based learning: The teacher is a facilitator. The student is a researcher. Students use technology to solve real world problems, that allow for multiple answers.  Project-based learning: Students take control of their learning through exploration and experimentation.  Collaborative learning: Students depend on each other to work through a group task. They learn responsibility, social and leadership skills. What is the role of the teacher in this environment? The teacher is an observer, a facilitator, and a designer of tasks and projects that allow for student-centered learning and use of technology. (Morrison and Lowther, 2010)

5 Creating a Student-Centered Learning Environment Using the Integrating Technology for inQuiry (INTeQ) Model 10 Steps to a NTeQ lesson: 1)Objectives are stated (based upon standards). 2)The functions of technology will be decided upon. How will technology be used as a tool? 3)Students are presented with a real world problem. 4)Students research and evaluate their findings. 5)Students present their results. 6)Students engage in activities in the midst of technology. 7)The teacher has activities prior to using computers. 8)Students complete activities after computer use. 9)The teacher designs activities that will support the lesson. 10)There is a final assessment of learning. ( Morrison and Lowther, 2010)

6 Student-centered teaching meets the National Educational Technology Standards Standards can be found at: The standards state that students are to use technology to: Be creativeCommunicateCollaborateResearch Problem solveCritically thinkMake decisions Be a responsible and ethical digital citizen Know how to operate and use technology When you address these concepts of the NETS, you are allowing students to take control of their learning and helping them gain 21 st century skills. (“ISTE Standards”, 2012)

7 Examples of NETS in a student-centered classroom. Students are video-conferencing with another student of a different school. Standard 2: Communication and Collaboration “Students use digital media and environments to communicate and work collaboratively, including at a distance, to support individual learning and contribute to the learning of others.” (ISTE Standards, 2012) Students study a computer simulation of osmosis. Standard 1: Creativity and innovation 1.c. “Students use models and simulations to explore complex systems and issues.” (ISTE Standards, 2012)

8 What are some potential problems we may have with the integration of technology? Challenges for a small rural school district include:  We need professional development to learn ways to use technology. For example, learning about different applications, software, internet sites, troubleshooting, etc.  We need a higher speed internet and bandwidth to support the widespread use of technology and to use applications such as video-conferencing.  We lack full-time technical support to solve hardware and software problems. We currently only have a technology specialist come to the schools once a week.  Teachers are comfortable using traditional teaching methods, and don’t feel that student-centered learning is more effective.  Little funding is available to purchase technology.  Does our rural culture support this type of learning? (Howley, Wood, & Hough, 2011)

9 Solutions!  The district can offer more professional development or advertise when courses are offered elsewhere.  Teachers can visit schools with student-centered technology integrated classes to see how to use technology in creative ways.  Receive more funding for technology through grants, fundraisers, bonds or partnering with colleges and businesses.  Educate teachers about student-centered learning, the technology standards, and the benefits of using technology to teach 21 st century skills.  Teachers who are comfortable with technology can mentor and help other teachers who are not as comfortable and/or competent using technology.  Create a school culture where technology use is valued and used appropriately.

10 Reminder about Copyright Laws and Fair Use Guidelines Fair use is the ability to use copyrighted materials under certain conditions without the copyright holder’s permission. (Hobbs, 2009) What are the conditions most applicable to classroom use? 1.Your use of the material does not take away from the profit or value of the work. For example: You cannot buy one workbook and then photocopy the pages for students in order to save money from buying consumable workbooks. This takes away profit from the material for the copyright holder. (DuBoff, 2007) 2. The use is for educational purposes and is not copied repeatedly or in its entirety. For example, you can copy a poem from a book, but not a collection of poems. 3. You consider the intent of the material. Is it material that is supposed to be for sale? For example, shareware software is supposed to be purchased after the trial period is used. 4. You do not profit or gain credit from someone else’s work. For example, you use a graphic on your webpage that is not permitted for public use. Creative commons licenses should be checked to see if links or references need to be made. (Morrison and Lowther, 2010)

11 References Baugher, S.L. (2013). The courage to learn student-centered learning. Journal of Family and Consumer Science, 105(2), 3-4,70. DuBoff, L.D. (2007). Copyright or fair use? Tech Trends, 51(2), ISTE Standards. (2012). Retrieved from Hobbs, R. (2009). The power of fair use for media literacy education. Afterimage, 37(2), 15. Howley, A., Wood, L., & Hough, B. (2011). Rural elementary school teachers’ technology integration. Journal of Research in Rural Education, 26(9), Morrison, G.R., & Lowther, D.L. (2010). Integrating computer technology into the classroom. Skills for the 21 st century. (4 th ed.). Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon. Roblyer, M.D., & Doering, A.H. (2012). Integrating educational technology into teaching. (6 th ed.). Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon.

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