Presentation on theme: "Blended Learning Creating New Learning Experiences"— Presentation transcript:
1Blended Learning Creating New Learning Experiences JoAnne C. Juett, Ph.D.Assistant Professor, Scientific and Technical Writing, English DepartmentInstructional Technology Fellow, Center for Excellence in Teaching and LearningUniversity of Wisconsin-Eau Claire
2DEFINITION (what BL is) Blended Learning: Mixing the Real and the VirtualA combination of face-to-face (F2F) andonline learning for a courseSynchronous and asynchronous learningReal-time, real-space (in-classroom) andvirtual (online)Unique sequencing but integratedMay involve uses of mobile devices in ambient space (virtual-enhanced reality)
3DEFINITION (purpose)Blended Learning is combining multiple learning components and learning events to create a meaningful learning experience.Blended Learning means different things to different people, which illustrates its glowing/growing potential. Our perspectives of Blended Learning is combining multiple learning components such as classroom, On-line self-paced Learning Content, , Discussion Forums , LMS (Learning Management System) etc.and learning events such as individual or group based learning events to create a meaningful learning. It is not only about mixing the multiple learning components, it is combining the appropriate learning components to meet desired learning goals.
4DEFINITION (design)The thoughtful integration of face-to-face classroom (spontaneous verbal discourse) and Internet based (reflective text-based discourse) learning opportunitiesNot an add-on to a classroom lecture nor an online course; fundamental redesignAn optimal (re)design approach to enhance and extend learning by rethinking and restructuring class contact hours.
5Why Blended Learning? Increased flexibility in learning Blended Learning means different things to different people, which illustrates its glowing/growing potential. Our perspectives of Blended Learning is combining multiple learning components such as classroom, On-line self-paced Learning Content, , Discussion Forums , LMS (Learning Management System) etc.and learning events such as individual or group based learning events to create a meaningful learning. It is not only about mixing the multiple learning components, it is combining the appropriate learning components to meet desired learning goals.
6Why Flexibility in Learning? With the increasing use of a variety of approaches for learning in the information ageLearners' preferences are changing from wanting to be taught mostly in lectures or direct training sessionsTo wanting increased flexibility.
7Why Flexibility in Learning? Today, learners want to have more say inWHAT they learnWHEN they learnWHERE they learn, andHOW they learnCan we do what learners want?
8Components of the Blend Online ComponentSignificant portion of the class timeEnabling dispersed students to attendFace to Face ComponentOn CampusOr another Agreed-upon LocationMany possible VariationsBlending together these components to leverage new learning opportunities that are neither online nor campus-limited
9New Learning Opportunities via the Blend What new learning models can be leveraged by blended approach?Alternative locationsAlternative eventsAlternative schedulingPreparation/Reflection/Research wrap-around through the online mode
10Components of Blended Learning 1. Synchronous (live) Classroom format2. Synchronous (live) online format3. Asynchronous (not live) self-paced format
11Components of Blended Learning 1. Synchronous Physical/Face-to-Face Components (not limited to)Face-to-face TutoringCoaching or Mentoring SessionsClassroomWorkshopsConferencesMeetingsLabsSome Synchronous Physical/Face-to-Face Learning Components are….
12Components of Blended Learning 2. Synchronous Electronic Components (not limited to)Internet conferencingAudio Conferencing (i.e., phone conferencing)Live Video via satellite or VideoconferencingVirtual Online ClassroomInstant MessagingSome Synchronous Electronic Learning Components are….
14Components of Blended Learning Within the scope of today’s presentation, let’s review some advantages and disadvantages of few synchronous and asynchronous components of blended learning.
15Advantages and Disadvantages of Blended Learning Components Advantages of ClassroomMotivationResponsivenessExperiencesTeam BuildingDisadvantages of ClassroomInstructorSchedulingAudienceTravelPhysicalThere are several distinct advantages and disadvantages of each learning components. By carefully weighing various learning factors, you should be able to determine what learning components can be blended together to make an effective learning program. Due to time limit I am going to discuss advantages and disadvantages of some blended learning components that are widely used.Some advantages of classroom are that in a classroom environment:Student’s motivation increases due to face-to-face interaction between the student and the educator as well as the students themselvesInstructors or facilitators are more responsive to individual needs, concerns, or unexpected questionsLaboratory exercises, hands-on workshop activities can provide real-time experiencesImprove Team building capabilitiesSome disadvantages of classroom are:The quality of the learning relies on skills and preparation of the instructorSince Class can not be scheduled around work and family, therefore scheduling conflict often occur.Information is not available to a more geographically diverse audience, therefore less diverse or limited audience can attendIncreased time away from workplace due to travelingPhysical capabilities of classroom may limit for large groups of students to enroll at the same time
16Advantages and Disadvantages of Blended Learning Components Advantages of Self-Paced on-lineLearn anytime, anywhereTime savingsCost EfficientLearner controlDisadvantages of Self-Paced on-lineBandwidthInteractionDevelopmentCostDrop-OutsAdvantages:Learners have flexibility to learn at anytime and anywhereSince there is no travel required, therefore students can save time. Students do not have to spend 2 hours in a lecture hall waiting for the 15 minutes of content they really want.Self-paced on-line learning is less costly than traditionalAllow the learner to make choices and use their time in a way they feel is valuableAllows students to select learning materials, or to be directed to content that meets their level of knowledge, interest and what they need to know to perform more effectively in their particular activity.Disadvantages:Bandwidth issues restrict rich presentation options and high interactivityLack of face to face interactionLonger developmental timeCostly for small groupsLack of independency, self-awareness, Self-discipline, motivation, organization can result high drop-outsSubstantial cost savings due to elimination of travel expenses.
17Advantages and Disadvantages of Blended Learning Components Advantages of CD-ROMMore EngagingNo Internet ConnectionDisadvantages of CD-ROMContentPeer-to-PeerDevelopmentAdvantages:Rich presentation options and high interactivity make it more engagingFast access time: no waiting for slow internet downloads or dropped connectionsDisadvantages:Content Can not be updated or distributed easily as web based materials. Once a CD-ROM is created, the information on it can not be changed.Lack of peer-to-peer learning opportunities====High development cost
18Advantages and Disadvantages of Blended Learning Components Advantages of VideoconferencingSavingsParticipationVisualDisadvantages of VideoconferencingQualityTechnical SupportSome advantages of videoconferencing :Savings can be significant when compared to expenses associated with travel to short meetings, theIncreased participation due to elimination of travelLess cumbersome to deal with multiple participants when compared to an audio-only conference. Facial expressions and body language facilitate communication among the personalities. Enable high levels of interaction such as asking for immediate feedback/opinions, answering impromptu questionsSome disadvantages of videoconferencing :In order to get high quality you need better equipment and better connection which can be costly.Require technical support team e.g., site facilitators are necessary to ensure the equipment works properly at the receiving stations.
19Dimensions of the Blend? A blended learning program may combine one or more of the following dimensions:1. Blending Offline and Online Learning2. Blending Self-Paced and Live, Collaborative Learning3. Blending Structured and Unstructured Learning4. Blending Custom Content with Off-the-Shelf Content5. Blending Learning, Practice, and Performance Support
21Best practices of blended learning Create learning objectivesStart with what you want the students to learnBackward DesignCreate overall course objectives then create class/module objectivesClear idea—Be specificUtilize action verbs (Bloom’s Taxonomy)Use higher order thinking
22Best practices of blended learning Create ways for students to learn before classStudents are capableFind ways to motivate prior to classPowerPointInteractive web activitiesPre-class writing activitiesHomework problemsUse technology to leverage student interestBloom’s Taxonomy:Original terms: Knowledge & ComprehensionNew Terms: Remembering & Understanding (Pohl, 2000)
23Best practices of blended learning Create ways for students to learn during classStudents need your skills at creating learning opportunitiesExamples:Group workLearning activitiesQuestionsDiscussionsMini lectures
24Best practices of blended learning Create ways for students to learn after classStudents need to rehearse contentEncourage meaningful interaction with the materialExamples:Short writing assignmentsOnline quizzesHomework problemsClassroom assessment techniques
25Best practices of blended learning CommunicationUse multiple formsOut of class:Course mailWikisBlogsCell phone or textingAsynchronous discussionsSynchronous discussions
26Best practices of blended learning In class:Think-Pair-ShareDiscussions: Large group and Small groupDebatesInterviewsPresentations
28Best practices of blended learning Utilize Online ResourcesTake advantage of the wealth of information available via:WebLibrary resources: Research Databases, LibGuidesElectronic books: Gale Virtual Reference LibraryOnline journals using Scholar GoogleYouTubeBlogsPodcastsRSS Feeds [Real Simple Syndication]
29Best practices of blended learning Utilize both high and low stakes gradingStudents track their gradesOffers the widest array of choicesLow stakes: Small number of pointsSurveysParticipationWriting assignmentsQuizzesHigh stakes:Large projectsPresentationsResearch paperDiscussions
30Best practices of blended learning Seek assistance from Professionals on CampusDistance LearningFaculty developers/Course Resource ArchivesLibrariansColleagues
31Best practices of blended learning Stay OrganizedMany components to blended learning—your organization will minimize student confusionWhen preparing for your blended course:Begin earlyDouble the time you think it will takeWork in small, manageable chunksTake breaksKeep a journal of your experience
33Blogs: (Web Logs) form of online journal Strengths of the ResourcePotential DisadvantagesEncourage skills of writing and self expressionMixed views about the added-value effectivenessConnections with other studentsPublic-may discourage student contributionsAutomatic feedbackIf not maintained, may be abandonedPromote critical and analytical thinkingStudents become lurkersMust have strong motivation on part of usersRudestam, K. & Schoenholtz-Read (2010). Handbook of Online Learning.
34Wikis: Collaborative web-based site for sharing text and other resources Strengths of the ResourcePotential DisadvantagesEasy to generate and alter or amend the text for collaborative purposesEase of editing and unmonitored environment may lead to low level of contentCan be closed or openLack of accuracy of wiki content—educate learnersRequires little skill or trainingComplexity of site requires care in the construction of the navigationEncourages users to work in groupsGreat for brainstorming, problem solving, etc.Creates group cohesivenessRudestam, K. & Schoenholtz-Read (2010). Handbook of Online Learning.
35Podcasting: Audio file that can be downloaded Strengths of the ResourcePotential DisadvantagesListen to material multiple timesShortcomings in providing complex and/or detailed informationFlexibility and portabilityNot good at conveying details and factsSight impaired studentsDifficult to browseLow-cost, low-barrier toolCopyright and searchability as number of podcasts increaseIdeal for short, pre-class listeningGreat for “dead time” (walking & traveling)Rudestam, K. & Schoenholtz-Read (2010). Handbook of Online Learning.
36E-Portfolios: Electronic collections of documents supports what has been learned or achieved. Strengths of the ResourcePotential DisadvantagesPortable, lifelong record of achievementCommunication element blurs the boundaryProvides impetus for student to take ownership of their learningInstructors need to encourage reflective practice not just a “dumping ground” for courseworkEncourages students to set their own goalsMajor compatibility issue when student changes institutions, graduates, and move to employmentCan be used for group workIf used for assessment and accountability, students move from lifelong learning tool to a course requirement.Can be used for presentation or interviewRudestam, K. & Schoenholtz-Read (2010). Handbook of Online Learning.
38More technologies…Some Free & Some Not Skype: VideoconferencingGroupboard: WhiteboardBasecamp: Project collaborationLoosestitch: Online outlinerZapr: https://www.zapr.com/ File sharingSlideshare: Share PowerPointCreately: Draw diagrams & create outlinesPodcast Blaster: Create podcastSurvey Monkey: Create surveyScribd: Document viewing on webGogrok: Live screen sharingDimdim: Webconferencing
39Summary Blended learning can Bridge the gap for distant studentsLeverage events and other locationsExtend the classroomBeyond the campusBeyond onlineSignificant dimension beyond what we previously offered studentsTapping professional and academic conferences and events
40Thought…I tell you and you forget. I show you and you remember. I involve you and you understand. ---Eric Butterworth
41REFERENCESBubnick, Heather, et al. “Blended Learning.” 28 Oct Web. 25 Feb <http://www.lorainccc.edu/NR/rdonlyres/EAB609BF-C554-49C8-A246-C7F07B467E1D/6764/Blendedlearning_October ppt>Garrison, Randy D. and Norm Vaughn. “Inquiry and Blended Learning. 25 FebKhan, Badrul Huda. Flexible Learning in an Information Society. Hershey, PA: Information Science Publishing, 2007.Schroeder, Ray. “Blended Learning: Creating New Learning Experiences.” Web. 25 Feb <