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Global Alliance to Eliminate Lead Paint Bangkok, 9-11 July 2012 Latin America and the Caribbean.

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Presentation on theme: "Global Alliance to Eliminate Lead Paint Bangkok, 9-11 July 2012 Latin America and the Caribbean."— Presentation transcript:

1 Global Alliance to Eliminate Lead Paint Bangkok, 9-11 July 2012 Latin America and the Caribbean

2 MAJOR LEAD EXPOSURE SOURCES   Lead in paint   Lead glazed pottery   Folk medicines   Acid battery manufacturing - lead vehicle   Recycling of acid-lead battery   Recycling lead products (pipes, valves)   Leaded gasoline (phase out in many countries)   Lead removal mining

3 AWARENESS REGARDING LEAD IN PAINT AND LEAD EXPOSURES Very little information in the different countries on:  industrial processes  monitoring of products (inspection, routine control)  monitoring of the effects of chemicals on health

4 HEALTH SERVICES   BRAZIL – – Health Care System – assistance to victims of intoxication – – Reference Centers on Occupational Health – monitoring of exposed workers – – Poisons Control Centers – assistance and counseling   HONDURAS – – Health Care System – assistance – – Poisons Control Centers – counseling (in development)   PARAGUAY – – Health Care System – assistance – – Health Environmental – assistance, supervision and surveillance – – Worker health, assistance and inspection (Public Health and Institute of Social Welfare) – – National Poison Control Center (Public Health)   SANTA LUCIA – – Ministry of Health (Dep.Env.Health) – surveillance – – Ministry of Labour – assessment, supervision, inspection; worker health – – Bureau of Standards – monitoring and development of standards

5 LEGISLATION 1   ARGENTINA – – Latex paints – Pb content standard of 600 ppm   BRAZIL – – Paints, varnishes and similar materials for residential use, toys and school materials – 600 ppm – – hair dyes – 0.6% of the composition   MEXICO – – Some uses for dyes, paints and enamel containing Pb banned from houses, school, children uses, etc. – – Pb substitutes for glazed pottery – a traditional way for cooking and keeping the food

6 LEGISLATION 2   PARAGUAY – – No specific national legislation about lead in paint or hair dyes. Applies MERCOSUR/GMC/Resolution n° 23/04 – – Technical regulation on toy safety – MERCOSUR legislation – Max. lead daily bioavailability resulting from the use of toys of 0.7 μg (INTN)   SANTA LUCIA – – No specific national legislation, however there are standards that govern specification for paint – interior/exterior paints and surface coatings

7 REQUIRED RESOURCES   Trained personnel – – Public health and occupational health workers, Poison Centers workers – – Health surveillance inspectors – – Industries responsible – – Professionals in the Justice area – – Training of others professionals involved   Financial resources for services (legislation enforcement, health monitoring and surveillance, health services, others) – – Ministries of Industry and Trade, Environment, Health, Labour and other government bodies   Resource mobilization strategies – access to interested donors – – Financial incentive for substitution – – Bring research studies from academics into the public health and industry authorities’ attention – – Build up analytical laboratories – – Wide dissemination of information on the effects of lead: authorities, civil society organisations, workers, industry, educators, general public

8 RECOMMENDED ACTIONS   Articulation with other SAICM implementation activities, especially the global harmonization of labeling   From the Lead initiative in Central America and Dominican Republic – – Engaging all authorities involved in promotion and control on product manufacture and trade, including consumer protection services – – Create environmental and epidemiological programs of surveillance – product life cycle – – Create some type of data repository for information on lead, including informational materials, regulatory requirements and current legislation on the use of lead in paint, epidemiological and environmental studies on lead levels, and related issues – – Ensure proper information on product imports and licensing for national industries; inventories; goods circulation – – Develop technical guidance to complete the alternative formulations for paint which currently contains lead – – Organize the integrated management of contaminated sites

9 STAKEHOLDERS 1 MAPPING ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES BRAZIL MINISTRY OF INDUSTRY AND TRADE Control of the origin and regulatory compliance of imported products, inspection of imported products and products for sale (National Institute of Metrology) MINISTRY OF HEALTH Health care and surveillance, environmental health surveillance, regulation and inspection MINISTRY OF LABOUR Occupational health surveillance, regulation and inspection HONDURAS MINISTRY OF HEALTHHealth care and surveillance MINISTRY OF NATURAL RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENT Environmental monitoring and management of chemicals

10 STAKEHOLDERS 2 MAPPING ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES PARAGUAY MINISTRY OF INDUSTRY AND TRADE Control of the origin and regulatory compliance of imported products, inspection of imported products and products for sale (National Institute of Metrology) MINISTRY OF HEALTH Health care and surveillance, environmental health surveillance and chemicals, worker health surveillance MINISTRY OF LABOUROccupational health inspection and regulation) INSTITUTE OF SOCIAL WELFARE Occupational risk assessment Occupational and worker health surveillance (insured workers) Occupational diseases and accident record SECRETARIAT OF THE ENVIRONMENT Environmental monitoring and chemicals management SANTA LUCIA MINISTRY OF INDUSTRY AND COMMERCE Control of the origin and regulatory compliance of imported products Formulating standards to address products imported and those manufactured on island and products for sale MINISTRY OF HEALTHHealth care surveillance, monitoring and inspection MINISTRY OF LABOUR Worker health surveillance Occupational health surveillance and inspection

11 REFERENCES - BRAZIL ♦ ♦ FEDERAL COUNCIL OF CHEMISTRY - NORMATIVE RESOLUTION n° 105 of September 17, Extends the wording of the Ruling 51, of , which provides for the identification of companies whose basic activity is Chemistry, as well as companies that have chemical departments, including manufacturing units, or which provide services to others in the area of Chemistry, in accordance with the provisions of Law 6839 of 10/30/80 ♦ ♦ LAW 11762/2008 – Lead limits on paints, varnishes and similar materials for residential use and coatings, toys and scholar use ♦ ♦ MINISTRY OF HEALTH. Guidelines for health care of workers exposed to metallic lead. 2006; Ordinance n° 1339/GM/ List of Occupational Diseases ♦ ♦ MINISTRY OF LABOUR AND SOCIAL SOLIDARITY - NORM 7 - Medical Control Program on Occupational Health; NORM 34 - Conditions and environment working in the industry of naval construction and repair; NORM 15 - Unhealthy activities and operations - Appendix No Chemicals ♦ ♦ NYCZ Z. Excesso de chumbo nas tintas brasileiras. APROMAC Available in ♦ ♦ State of Sao Paulo - STATE DECREE nº 46, September 9, Approves the Regulation of Law n º 7, May 76, which deal with the prevention and control of environmental pollution ♦ ♦ ANVISA, Technical Chamber of Cosmetics - Technical report n° 1 (hair dyes) – Dec 2008

12 REFERENCES - HONDURAS   Decree n° 131/1982 – Health Code   Decree n° 104/1993 – General Environmental Law   Hazardous Chemical Substances Regulations (under approval)   Register of Emissions and Pollutant Transfer (proposed)   Regulation of Emissions from Stationary Sources   Agreement n° 378/2001 – Regulations for Integrated Management of Solid Waste   Agreement STSS-053 n° 04 – General Regulation and Accident Preventive Measures Working Executive   Rules of Road Transport of Goods and Hazardous Waste (under approval)   National Technical Standards for Drinking Water Quality Agreement Standards of Wastewater Discharges to receiving bodies and Sewerage Agreement Proposed National Water Technical Standard (project proposal)

13 REFERENCES - PARAGUAY  Health Code – Law n° 836/1980  Code Labor Law – Decree n° 213/93  Law 3361/07 – Integrated Management of Hospital Solid Waste  Decree n° 14390/92 – General technical regulation on worker health  Resolution n° 222/02 – National Technical Standards for Drinking Water  Law n° 3107/2006 – Quality Agreement Heavy metals in batteries and battery  Resolution n° 001/07 – Emission parameters of vehicular pollutants

14 REFERENCES – SANTA LUCIA  °  Saint Lucia National Standard – SLNS n° 8, 1992   National Labour Code

15 GENERAL REFERENCES   Bellinger and Needleman. Intellectual impairment and blood lead levels. NEJM, 2003   Canfield et al. Intellectual impairment in children with blood lead concentrations below 10 μg/dL. NEJM, 2003   National Institutes of Health. CDC Lowers Lead-Poisoning Threshold for Kids. Available in   Clune et al. Blacksmith Institute of Health & Pollution 1(2): 14-23, 2012   Lanphear et al. Cognitive deficits associated with blood lead concentrations <10 μg/dL in US children and adolescents. Public Health Rep, 2000   Lead, Health and Environmental. Uruguayan Experience   Patiño et al. Diagnóstico sobre los efectos a la salud y el ambiente por la exposición al plomo en Centroamérica y Republica Dominicana, 2011 (unpublished)

16 Acknowledgements  Brazil  Honduras  Paraguay  Santa Lucia  PAHO-WDC Latin America and the Caribbean


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