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Presentation on theme: "OMSAN LOJİSTİK."— Presentation transcript:


2 Transportation and Distribution

3 Transportation Planning Pyramid
Measures & Goals Transport Infrastructure P ROCESSES Workforce Network Design Routing & Scheduling Shipment Management Fleet/Carrier Management Freight Management PLANNING TRANSPORTATION

4 T&D Key Performance Indicators

5 T&D Design Principles T&D KPIs Network Rationalization
Consolidation & Pooling Inbound Consolidation Programs Backhauls On-the-Fly Consolidation Strategic Use of Third Parties Standard Container Sizes & Pools Automated Shipment Planning Mode Selection Carrier Selection Automated Routing & Scheduling Shipment Tracking & Visibility Carrier Measurement and Monitoring Core Carrier Design

6 Logistics Hierarchies
Single-Level Designs: Central Distribution Two-Level Designs: Central & Regional Distribution Three-Level Designs: Central, Regional, & Local Distribution

7 Distribution Network Design Decisions
Production Locations Sourcing Number of Warehouses Locations of Warehouses Type of Warehouses Distribution Territories

8 Rational Network



11 Lowest Cost Network



14 Show Unsatisfied Demand for Product 05


16 Shipment Planning

17 Shipment Planning

18 Mode Selection P Speed & Reliability H A F LTL RICE T O LCL L L H IGH

19 Value-Density Analysis

20 Pooling & Consolidation

21 Automated Routing & Scheduling










31 Transportation Management Systems
TMS Function TMS Vendors 1. Vehicle Routing and Scheduling CAPS Logistics Planning RoadNet Dispatch RoadShow ARC Bowne-Distinct Caliper TransCad 2. Supply Chain Management Insight SAILS Design & Analysis Bender Phydias Production Planning CAPS Logistics 3. Shipment Planning Insight ShipConsII Design & Analysis CAPS Logistics Operational Shipment Planning CCA TransPlan 2000 4. Carrier Management Princeton SuperSpin SABRE ALK 5. GIS Transportation MapInfo ESRI Arc/Info Caliper TransCad CAPS Logistics 6. Customized TMS SABRE CAPS Logistics Mercer Source: Bill Nulty, Ph.D. “Shipment Planning” in Transportation and Distribution Short Course. The Logistics Institute at Georgia Tech, 1996.

32 Reverse Logistics Recycling Returnable Containers Returns Dunnage
Containers & Packaging Edward H. Frazelle, Ph.D.

33 3PL: If, When, and How If - there is strategic advantage to do so an a positive contribution to EVA. When - there are opportunities to take advantage of consolidation opportunities and/or specialization of work. How - partner relationship management.

34 High-Speed Shipping Edward H. Frazelle, Ph.D.

35 Transportation Gap Analysis

36 Transportation Case Example
U.S. Food Service

37 Food Service Profile Strengths
Private fleet with 343 tractors and 517 trailers Slow movers consolidated in single facility Fixed routes Backhauls designed into 20% of fixed routes Managers evaluated on cases per truck, collisions, error rate GFS controls 70% of inbound freight, carrier selection Formal carrier evaluation & monitoring process Dynamic routing system On-board positioning and rerouting Some inbound consolidation planning 90% inbound trailer utilization

38 Transportation Management System Case Example
U.S. Chemicals

39 ACC Current TMS Assessment

40 Functionality Families

41 Transportation Objects
Containers Vehicles Orders Shipments Carriers Documents Payments Shippers Consignees ...

42 Mid-Term System Architecture

43 Long-Term Design Principles
There is justification for an integrated TMS incorporating freight, container, and shipment management. SAP will not be the long-term solution provider. Current TMS vendors are moving too fast and have a higher commitment to transportation solutions. Logistics is not a SAP priority. SAP interface development = custom development in time and expense. Vendor developments are leading to consolidated applications functionality and industry solutions. The long-term solution design should be based on justifiable best, not current T&D practices and strategies.

44 TMS Package Alternatives

45 TMS Team Organization Executive sponsor from the user community.
User-IT teams for each TMS functionality family (i.e. FM, CM, SM, DS). IT Team Leader to be Project FOCUS liaison. T&D Team Leader to be Common Process liaison. Subject matter expert facilitator to assist IT & T&D team leaders.

46 TMS Transaction Database & Data Warehouse Design
Based on transportation objects (i.e. carriers, containers, orders, shipments, etc.) Relational and consistent with IT Standards (i.e. ORACLE, Sybase) Data Warehouse fields should parallel transaction database fields where possible Single-point data entry and on-line data integrity audits

47 TMS Strategic Decisions: Outsourcing, SAP, CDI, CDE, BOB
Vendor and package review to focus on large TMS providers, and alternative links with Internet applications, outsource providers, and carrier/freight forwarder applications Evaluation of budget, time, risk, and benefits of each functionality development alternative (i.e. outsourcing, status quo waiting for SAP solution, internal custom development, external custom development, and best-of-breed package implementation) Custom development vendor candidates should have at least 50% of required functionality already developed and verifiable operating Strategic partnerships with outsource and/or custom development vendors Follow Amoco corporate guidelines for evaluating and selecting development direction

48 Exercise Our biggest opportunity for improvement in transportation & distribution is: ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

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