Presentation on theme: "Part 3 Land and Water Use. RANGELANDS Uncultivated land dominated by native plants: grasses, grass-like plants, or shrubs. All land that is not farmland,"— Presentation transcript:
Part 3 Land and Water Use
Uncultivated land dominated by native plants: grasses, grass-like plants, or shrubs. All land that is not farmland, dense forest, barren desert or land covered by solid rock, concrete, or glaciers What is Rangeland?
How much rangeland is there? 47% of the EARTH is rangeland 36% of the US is rangeland 53% of Western States is rangeland
Overgrazing Soil erosion Prolonged drought or climate change Overuse of available resources Causes of Desertification
“Public Land” is owned and managed by federal and state governments –Bureau of Land Management (BLM) –U.S. Forest Service Who owns rangeland?
The careful use and management of rangeland resources (plants, animals, soil, and water) to meet the needs and desires of society What is rangeland management?
Controlling the number and distribution of livestock Restoring degraded rangeland Moving livestock to allow recovery Reduce damage to sensitive areas (riparian zones) –Boundary zone between land and stream Rangeland Management Goals
Suppress growth of invasive species Reduce soil erosion –Replant native grasses Provide supplemental feed Locating water holes, water tanks, salt blocks in areas where will not affect environment. Rangeland Management Goals
Overview StepsDescriptionEnvironmental Effects MiningRemoving mineral resources from the ground Mine wastes – acids and toxins Displacement of native species Reclamation of land and recycling ProcessingRemoving ore from mined material Pollution Human health concerns UseDistribution to end user
Will Site be Profitable?
Site development Extraction
Surface Mining –Pros: –Cons Extraction
Underground Mining –Pros –Cons Extraction
In-situ Leaching –Pros –Cons Extraction
Intensive chemical processing Often uses extreme heat and toxic chemicals Chemical frequently leak into ground water Processing
2 billion tons of minerals extracted in US every year Oil Coal Natural Gas Global Reserves
General Mining Law 1872 –Free access to prospect for minerals on federal lands Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act 1977 –Regulates surface coal mining and reclamation activities Relevant Laws