Presentation on theme: "What is the role of the transportation planner? An overview of transportation opportunities for all planners Employment outlook for urban and regional."— Presentation transcript:
What is the role of the transportation planner? An overview of transportation opportunities for all planners Employment outlook for urban and regional planners Careers in Transportation Planning
What is the Role of a Transportation Planner? Transportation planners work to improve the quality of life of the communities they serve by developing sustainable solutions to issues such as urban sprawl, traffic congestion, air pollution, access to jobs, and the mobility needs of an aging population 2
Long Range Transportation Models Local Future Land Use Plans Employment & Household Projections Projected Deficiencies (congestion) and Alternatives Analysis Recommended Changes – typically to add capacity Assumes future land use is valid Assumes community will develop per its plan Source: Washtenaw Area Transportation Study (WATS), LSL Planning, Inc.
Comparison of the Planning Processes Land Use TransportationGoals Qualitative and competing Quantitative (Performance Measures) Scope Short term (5-15 years) Long term (30 years) Data Mild influence Data driven Public Input Big influence May or may not influence Priorities and Implementation Often not specified Specific with costs and funding Practicality Bold ideas / “just a plan” Engineering feasibility Major Difference: Transportation based on planned Land Use Land Use has limited consideration of transportation
A New Paradigm Link land use with transportation: Land use arrangement to reduce peak hour auto trips Site design to support bicycling/walking/transit Combine land-use planning with transportation planning (regional, community, and site specific) Increased cooperation among all parties involved in land use and transportation Operate in limited funding environment by planning practical (and affordable) and sustainable solutions to meet our transportation system needs Photo: LSL Planning, Inc.
Role of the Transportation Planner “Bridge the gap” Educate parties in an understandable way Focus on long term Advocate for underserved groups Environmental justice Use transportation to improve community sustainability Choices Priorities Decisions Environmental Economic Development Land UseTransportation Outside Agencies/ Stakeholders Public Source: LSL Planning, Inc.
Public Involvement Facilitate, educate to gather meaningful input Brochures Open house Public workshops Advisory committees “Road show” Visualization/simulation Photos: Courtesy of LSL Planning, Inc.
A transportation planner does... Long range plans Corridor simulation models Flexible design/street widths/road diets (traffic calming/CSS) Non-motorized plans & walkable design Demand management Transit oriented land use and design Access management Overlay zones Form-based codes Transportation to support economic development
Corridor Planning Identify the function and character of major streets Traffic operations (Level of Service) Accommodate all users Access system Road and streetscape design (Context Sensitive Solutions) Bluffton, SC Portage, MI Source: LSL Planning, Inc.
Access Management Cost effective traffic management methods to: Promote the flow of traffic Improve safety of pedestrians & vehicles Improve aesthetics of roadway areas …by managing the location, quantity, type & design of access to a roadway Sources: Photo and Cover, MDOT Access Management Guidebook. Graphic, LSL Planning, Inc.
Benefit: Safety Access management can help reduce injuries and property damage due to crashes Doubling of access density from 10-20 access points per mile often results in about a 40% increase in expected crash rates* *according to the Michigan Department of Transportation Source: FHWA, MDOT Access Management Guidebook
Context Sensitive Solutions (CSS) Designing for: Character Users Land Uses Multiple Functions Linking to the past and to the future CSS Median Cross-Section Alternative Roadway Cross-Sections Source: LSL Planning, Inc.
San Jose, California Rapid transit lane demarcated in red
Promote Effective Solutions Transportation planners can promote effective solutions such as roundabouts, ITS, creative interchange design, multi-modal streets and traffic calming measures. This includes both technical analysis and building support from other professionals, the public, and decision makers. A multimedia demonstration from the City of Sammamish, WA official website. Photo: LSL Planning, Inc.
Road Diets Reducing # of traffic lanes to provide left turn, transit, or bike lane Consider: Function & environment Traffic volumes (consider for 8,500 – 24,000 vpd) Peak hour volumes & Level of Service Crash types, pedestrian, bike, & transit activity Impact on parallel roads Washtenaw County Access Management Plan: One-Way 3-to-2 Road Diet Concept Source: LSL Planning, Inc.
Transit Oriented Development (TOD) Moderate to higher density Within an easy walk A mix of uses Designed for the pedestrian New construction or redevelopment Increases transit ridership Strong benefits
Using Transportation as a Catalyst Rather than respond to land use, trans- portation investment can be a catalyst to sound, sustainable growth and develop- ment Increase property value by improving access and safety Balance land use with traveler needs Examples: Convert one-way to two-way Add on-street parking Add transit (Bus rapid transit/ streetcar/light rail) Images Source: City of Birmingham, MI Triangle District Master Plan, LSL Planning, Inc.
Manage Demand Transportation planners also help manage transportation demand by taking any action or set of actions intended to influence the intensity, timing and spatial distribution of demand for the purpose of reducing the impact of traffic or enhancing mobility options by Offering commuters one or more alternative transportation modes and/or services Providing incentives to travel on these modes or at non-congested hours, or Providing opportunities to better link or "chain" trips together, and/or incorporating growth management or traffic impact policies into local development decisions. Photo with permission from VPSI
Employment Outlook Job Outlook Earnings Outlook for Transportation Planners
Employment Outlook Urban and regional planners held about 38,400 jobs in 2008. About 66 percent were employed by local governments. Companies: architectural, engineering, and related services, management, scientific, and technical consulting services Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics’ Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2010- 11 Edition http://www.bls.gov/oco/ocos057.htm#outlook
Job Outlook Faster than average employment growth Faster than average Employment of urban and regional planners is expected to grow 19 percent from 2008 to 2018 Most new jobs will be in affluent, rapidly expanding communities. Job prospects will be best for those with a master's degree Bachelor's degree holders with additional skills in GIS or mapping may find entry level positions, but advancement opportunities are limited. Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics’ Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2010- 11 Edition http://www.bls.gov/oco/ocos057.htm#outlook
Earnings Median annual wages of urban and regional planners were $59,810 in May 2008. The middle 50 percent earned between $47,050 and $75,630. The lowest 10 percent earned less than $37,960, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $91,520. Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics’ Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2010- 11 Edition http://www.bls.gov/oco/ocos057.htm#outlook
Acknowledgements ITE Transportation Planning Council thanks the following individuals for contributing material for this PowerPoint presentation Brad Strader, AICP, PTP, LSL Planning, Inc. Lucy Gibson, Smart Mobility UrbanAdvantage