Presentation on theme: "NK, NYLO United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification"— Presentation transcript:
1 Impact of Land degradation, desertification and drought on sustainable development of LLDCs NK, NYLOUnited Nations Conventionto Combat DesertificationDLDD = Desertification Land Degradation & Drought
2 Areas affected by desertification and land degradation
3 Desertification affects over 40% of total world land area Africa: Two thirds drylands, 73 % is moderately or severely affectedAsia: One third is drylands, 71% affected, All Pacific islands states face some sort of land degradationNorth America proportion of drylands is 74%Five European Union countries are affectedLatin America and the Caribbean: one fourth drylands, 75% affected110 countries have drylands that are potentially at risk.Over 250 million people are directly affected andOne billion under threat or at riskGlobal desertification costs: US$42 Billion;
5 Land ? DLDD: Some facts & figures DLDD Forest Sustainable Development More than 50% of agricultural moderately to severely degraded LD directly affects 1,5 billion peopleSustainableDevelopmentglobally 75 billion tons of fertile soil disappear/yearFood Energy Water 12 million ha/Year lost due to drought and desertificationForest Six million km2 of drylands bear a legacy of desertification Biodiversity: 27,000 species lost each year due to LDLand “Improved management of the world’s land (including terrestrial carbon)represents 1/3rd of the overall global abatement potential in 2030DLDDCliB
6 Main Causes of Desertification/land degradation Human activity :over cultivation, over grazingDeforestationPoor agricultural practicesDrought and Climate Change
7 DLDD has far-reaching impacts Increased to Drought & Water stressExtremeFood insecurityPoverty& HungerIncreasedBiodiversityemissions of GHGLossInstability &DeforestationMigrationsCrisesDLDD has far-reaching impacts
12 “Future We Want” Desertification, land degradation and drought 205. We recognize the economic and social significance of good land management,including soil, particularly its contribution to economic growth, biodiversity,sustainable agriculture and food security, eradicating poverty, the empowerment ofwomen, addressing climate change and improving water availability. We stress thatdesertification, land degradation and drought are challenges of a global dimensionand continue to pose serious challenges to the sustainable development of allcountries, in particular developing countries. We also stress the particular challengesthis poses for Africa, the least developed countries and the landlocked developingcountries. In this regard, we express deep concern for the devastating consequencesof cyclical drought and famine in Africa, in particular in the Horn of Africa and theSahel region, and call for urgent action through short-, medium- and long-termmeasures at all levels.206. We recognize the need for urgent action to reverse land degradation. In view ofthis, we will strive to achieve a land-degradation neutral world in the context ofsustainable development. This should act to catalyse financial resources from arange of public and private sources.
13 The Economics of Land Degradation UCost of Action Vs InactionThe Economics of Land Degradation
14 Intervention Options for ZNLD Type 1 - High degradation trendRehabilitate if economicallyor highly degraded lands: 25%feasible; mitigate wheredegrading trends are highType 2 - Moderate degradationIntroduce measure to mitigatetrend in slightly or moderatelydegradationdegraded land: 8%Type 3 - Stable land, slightly orPreventive interventionsmoderately degraded: 36%Type 4 - Improving lands: 10%Reinforcement of enablingconditions which foster SLMSource FAO SOLAW 2011
16 Holistic Managemt Drought & Water stress Food Security Poverty eradicationPreserving the resource base for food security - LandImproving livelihood through pro-poor policies onImproving water availability &productivity/Soil fertilityquality through sustainableSustainable Land & Water Managementimprovement at the core of all long term strategiesland & water managementClimate changeBiodiversityLand is a win-win context for adaptation, mitigation &Holistic ManagemtBiodiversity conservation through improvement of landresilience buildingecosystems’ conditionsAvoidedAvoiding Forced MigrationsDeforestationBio EnergiesSust. Land Management & Restoration of degraded Lands as an alternative toOpportunities for Bio energies through biomassChanging the DAM paradigm “Degrade-Abandon-Migrate”productionDeforestation
17 Thank you"If you will not fight for right when you can easily win without bloodshed; if you will not fight when your victory is sure and not too costly; you may come to the moment when you will have to fight with all the odds against you and only a precarious chance of survival. There may even be a worse case. You may have to fight when there is no hope of victory…”.