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Forensic DNA Inference ICFIS 2008 Lausanne, Switzerland Mark W Perlin, PhD, MD, PhD Joseph B Kadane, PhD Robin W Cotton, PhD Cybergenetics © 2003-2008.

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Presentation on theme: "Forensic DNA Inference ICFIS 2008 Lausanne, Switzerland Mark W Perlin, PhD, MD, PhD Joseph B Kadane, PhD Robin W Cotton, PhD Cybergenetics © 2003-2008."— Presentation transcript:

1 Forensic DNA Inference ICFIS 2008 Lausanne, Switzerland Mark W Perlin, PhD, MD, PhD Joseph B Kadane, PhD Robin W Cotton, PhD Cybergenetics ©

2 Likelihood Ratio quantitative rarity statistic in forensic science match likelihood ratio (MLR) posterior probability match data likelihood ratio (DLR) data data likelihood likelihood ratio ratio

3 Match item questioned evidence suspect data type

4 Match Probability (disjoint values) (assume types independent)

5 Inner Product standard pattern comparison method widely used, powerful math properties

6 Match Rarity Define the Match Likelihood Ratio (MLR) statistic

7 How to compute the MLR

8 MLR is a likelihood ratio Hypothesis C: suspect S contributed to evidence item Q MLR assesses match observation M under alternative contributor hypotheses C and C'

9 How to report a MLR The probability of a match between evidence type Q and suspect type S is (some number) times more likely than the probability of a match between evidence type Q and a random type R.

10 Type Probability likelihood function prior probability posterior probability

11 Single Source DNA likelihood prior posterior

12 DNA Mixture: Inclusion

13 DNA Inclusion Example 21 Perpetrator [1 1], [1 2], [2 2] Suspect [2 2]

14 DNA Mixture: Equality

15 DNA Equality Example 21 Victim [1 1] Perpetrator [1 2], [2 2] Suspect [2 2] (obligate allele)

16 Suspect S genotype probability MLR Evidence Q genotype prior probability DLR Constant Prior One Genotype DLR is a special case of MLR Mixture: Evidence Q 0/1 likelihood function

17 DNA Mixture: Quantitative 1, 2 & 3 unknown low copy number damaged DNA case-to-case method validation

18 DNA Kinship missing persons paternity familial search mass disaster S FM W 12

19 Population Substructure Genotypes are not independent: shared ancestry Coancestry coefficient : allele IBD probability Induces a measure on joint genotypes

20 Conclusions introduced MLR: "match likelihood ratio" an inner product ratio statistic agrees with "data likelihood" DNA LR extends LR to other DNA applications statistical framework for non-DNA forensics


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