Presentation on theme: "Health & Safety Life Book AM ST 004 - 001 p. 1 v.01 - may.05, 2011 Rail Safety Definitions Pedestrian crossing (PC); identified place where pedestrian."— Presentation transcript:
Health & Safety Life Book AM ST p. 1 v.01 - may.05, 2011 Rail Safety Definitions Pedestrian crossing (PC); identified place where pedestrian can cross a rail, two categories; Passive crossings (trains do not instigate warnings) and Active crossings (trains instigate warnings; see also life book Rail Grade Crossings ). Sitting of Pedestrian Crossings Sight Distance (SD) at Passive crossings: Note A: The above formula is based on a walking speed of 1.0 m/s and provides a safety margin of 2 s. It is recommended that at crossings where there is likely to be significant use by people with ambulant disabilities, the walking speed be reduced to 0.8 m/s. Note B: The sight distance should be greater than the distance equivalent to a crossing time of 10 seconds. This applies even for crossings where only one track is crossed. Angle of crossing: the pedestrian path sell cross the rail tracks at right angles (90°+/- 20°) If this sight distance is not available one or other of the following will be required: –Removal of obstructions to achieve the required sight distance (e.g. Maintenance of plant growth will be needed to ensure retention of sight distance). –Provision of active control. –Closure or relocation of the crossing. –Reduction of train speed. –Grade separation. Safety Checks and recommendations Enclosure openings shall be aligned with centre line of crossing Walkways, ramps and landings must be in line with the standard of gratings Surface should be smooth Obtain a maximum of continuity of visual clues Install a crib enclosure at high risk crossings Every crossing shall have signage; signs and/or pavement markings Luminance contrast (entering a building with a track close to the entrance) and lighting (50 lux) Flange way gaps (sized gap between rail and walking surface; width 65 mm max and depth 50 mm max Main risks Overrun by train, injuries due to falls, slips, trips and sprain. Rail Safety and Pedestrian Crossings V = track speed of trains in km/h d = pedestrian crossing distance in meters, measured as follows; i.Where pedestrian mazes are provided- from one trackside maze opening to the other. ii. Where there are no pedestrian mazes but there are Tactile Ground Surface Indicators at holding positions- from one trackside edge of the Tactile Ground Surface Indicator to the other. iii. Where there are no pedestrian mazes or Tactile Ground Surface Indicators- outer rail to outer rail plus 3m.
Health & Safety Life Book AM ST p. 2 v.01 - may.05, 2011 Rail Safety Required checklist This document has to be used as a help before starting the work or performing a SFA Have responsible persons been nominated and trained to maintain and inspect pedestrian rail crossings (PRC)? Are there undefined or poorly organised PRC; poor housekeeping & maintenance? Is there a formal HIRA been conducted to identify all PRC? Are there active PRC installed? What at night, is the lighting adequate of the PRC? Signage is still visual? Is the Sight Distance respected? Are there any trip hazards lying on the ground? Do people use the PRC or did you see some people make a short cut?